Pub. Date:
Taylor & Francis
Words: The Foundation of Literacy / Edition 1

Words: The Foundation of Literacy / Edition 1

by Dale D. Johnson, Bonnie JohnsonDale D. Johnson
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Written by respected authorities in the fields of education and literacy studies, Words: The Foundation of Literacy is a groundbreaking book for teachers, administrators, and education students. Dale and Bonnie Johnson present a fresh, inspiring reminder of why studying language (from word origins to word structure) is such a vital first step in the development of students' vocabulary, literacy, writing skills, and overall ability to learn.

At a time when high-stakes testing has squeezed substance from many curricula, Johnson and Johnson provide ways to enhance students' understanding, interest, and appreciation of language and all its subtleties. Words explores how meaning in language is created by the use and interrelationships of words, phrases, and sentences, their denotations, connotations, implications, and ambiguities. From birth, most children exhibit a natural interest in language: its sounds, nuances, and unpredictable qualities. It is important to sustain, stimulate, and recapture that natural interest in the classroom, and Words provides a multitude of creative and practical techniques for doing so.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813344157
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 08/03/2010
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 255
Sales rank: 1,111,789
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Dale D. Johnson is past president of the International Reading Association and professor of literacy education at Dowling College New York. Prior to joining the Dowling faculty, he served as professor and dean of the College of Education and Human Development at the University of Louisiana. His books include Vocabulary in the Elementary and Middle School and High Stakes: Poverty, Testing, and Failure in American Schools.

Bonnie Johnson is professor of human development and learning at Dowling College. Her books include Wordworks: Exploring Language Play and High Stakes: Poverty, Testing, and Failure in American Schools. Dr. Johnson has taught at all levels from preschool through graduate school and is the recipient of the University of Wisconsin's Distinguished Teacher of Teachers Award.

Table of Contents



1 Our Language: Something Old, Something New
American English
How Our Language Has Changed
Obsolete Words
Old Words Still in Use
Word Meanings That Have Returned
Word Meanings That Have Changed Completely
Words That Have Become “Respectable”
“In-Between” Words
New Words
New Words for Newcomers
A Brief Word-Walk Through History from the 1700s to the Twenty-First Century
• Instructional Activity 1.1

2 Origins: Every Word and Expression Has a Story
Etymology and Word Origins
A Sampling of Word Origins
• Instructional Activity 2.1
“Borrowed” Words
• Instructional Activity 2.2
Origins of Common Sayings
• Instructional Activity 2.3

3 Word Formations
Word Combining
Compound Words
• Instructional Activity 3.1
Blended Words
•Instructional Activity 3.2
Word Conversions and Derivations
• Instructional Activity 3.3
• Instructional Activity 3.4
Word Shortening
• Instructional Activity 3.5
Clipped Words

4 Semantic Connections: How Words Are Organized in Our Minds
Semantic Categories
Meaning Relations
The Mental Lexicon
Semantic Mapping
Semantic Feature Analysis
• Instructional Activity 4.1
• Instructional Activity 4.2
• Instructional Activity 4.3
• Instructional Activity 4.4
• Instructional Activity 4.5
Word Categories

5 Ambiguity in Language
• Instructional Activity 5.1
• Instructional Activity 5.2
• Instructional Activity 5.3
• Instructional Activity 5.4
• Instructional Activity 5.5
• Instructional Activity 5.6

6 Figurative Language
“You’re a Sage, Rosemary”
• Instructional Activity 6.1
Similes and Metaphors
Analyzing Similes
• Instructional Activity 6.2
Is the Well-Known Simile True?
• Instructional Activity 6.3
Interpreting Metaphors
Creating Metaphors
• Instructional Activity 6.4
• Instructional Activity 6.5
• Instructional Activity 6.6
• Instructional Activity 6.7
Other Figures of Speech

7 Proverbs: Short Sentences Drawn from Long Experiences
The Importance of Proverbs
Characteristics of Proverbs
Ages of Some Proverbs
Proverbs That Rhyme
Proverbs That Repeat Sounds or Words
Proverbs That Have More Than One Meaning
• Instructional Activity 7.1
Contradictory Proverbs
Proverbs from Around the World
• Instructional Activity 7.2
Native American Proverbs
More American Proverbs
Collections from the Fifty States
Proverbs in Pretentious English
• Instructional Activity 7.3
Are These Proverbs Always True?
• Instructional Activity 7.4

8 Onomastics: The World of Names
• Instructional Activity 8.1
• Instructional Activity 8.2
• Instructional Activity 8.3
• Instructional Activity 8.4
City and Town Names
• Instructional Activity 8.5
• Instructional Activity 8.6
• Instructional Activity 8.7
• Instructional Activity 8.8

9 Word Play: Riddles and Rhymes
Nine Categories of Riddles in Three Families
The Hink Pink Family
The Hink Hink Family (Homographs)
The Pink Pink Family (Homophones)
• Instructional Activity 9.1
Hink Pinks
Hink Hinks
Pink Pinks
Hinky Pinkies
Hinky Hinkies
Pinky Pinkies
Hinkety Pinketies
Hinkety Hinketies
Pinkety Pinketies

10 A Mélange of Words in Language and Life
• Instructional Activity 10.1
Words Spoken Too Soon
Words That Have Lasted
• Instructional Activity 10.2

About the Authors

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