Why Knowledge Matters: Rescuing Our Children from Failed Educational Theories

Why Knowledge Matters: Rescuing Our Children from Failed Educational Theories

by E. D. Hirsch

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Overview

In Why Knowledge Matters, influential scholar E. D. Hirsch, Jr., addresses critical issues in contemporary education reform and shows how cherished truisms about education and child development have led to unintended and negative consequences.
 
Hirsch, author of The Knowledge Deficit, draws on recent findings in neuroscience and data from France to provide new evidence for the argument that a carefully planned, knowledge-based elementary curriculum is essential to providing the foundations for children’s life success and ensuring equal opportunity for students of all backgrounds. In the absence of a clear, common curriculum, Hirsch contends that tests are reduced to measuring skills rather than content, and that students from disadvantaged backgrounds cannot develop the knowledge base to support high achievement. Hirsch advocates for updated policies based on a set of ideas that are consistent with current cognitive science, developmental psychology, and social science.
 
The book focuses on six persistent problems of recent US education: the over-testing of students; the scapegoating of teachers; the fadeout of preschool gains; the narrowing of the curriculum; the continued achievement gap between demographic groups; and the reliance on standards that are not linked to a rigorous curriculum. Hirsch examines evidence from the United States and other nations that a coherent, knowledge-based approach to schooling has improved both achievement and equity wherever it has been instituted, supporting the argument that the most significant education reform and force for equality of opportunity and greater social cohesion is the reform of fundamental educational ideas.

Why Knowledge Matters introduces a new generation of American educators to Hirsch’s astute and passionate analysis.
 

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781612509549
Publisher: Harvard Education Press
Publication date: 01/02/2019
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 280
File size: 951 KB

About the Author

E. D. Hirsch, Jr. is the founder of the Core Knowledge Foundation.
 
E. D. Hirsch, Jr. is the founder of the Core Knowledge Foundation.  

Table of Contents

Prologue The Tyranny of Three Ideas 1

Chapter 1 The Invalid Testing of Students 15

Chapter 2 The Scapegoating of Teachers 35

Chapter 3 Preschool and the Persistence of Fadeout 43

Chapter 4 The Dilution of the Elementary Curriculum 61

Chapter 5 The Persistence of Achievement Gaps 91

Chapter 6 The Tribulations of the Common Core 103

Chapter 7 The Educational Fall of France 131

Chapter 8 The Knowledge-Based School 159

Epilogue Breaking Free 185

Appendix I The Origins of Natural-Development Theories of Education 193

Appendix II Translations of French Reports 209

Appendix III The Japanese Early Science Curriculum 213

Notes 227

Acknowledgments 259

About the Author 261

Index 263

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