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Teachers College Press
Who Governs Our Schools?: Changing Roles and Responsibilities

Who Governs Our Schools?: Changing Roles and Responsibilities

by David Conley, David T. Conley


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This book provides valuable insights into a dynamic structural change that is being experienced but not completely understood by educators and policymakers alike -- the transfer of power from the local to the state and national levels. What will become of our public schools in this new era of leadership? The author traces the origins of this process, examines the implications, and considers where these changes might lead.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807743331
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 04/21/2003
Series: Critical Issues in Educational Leadership Series
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

1Sizing Up the Changing Landscape of Educational Governance1
The Rapidly Increasing Federal Influence2
States Take More Control over Education Policy3
Other Factors That Shape the State's New Role in Education Policy6
Implications for State-District Relationships11
How Will Educators and Local Boards of Education Be Affected?13
Understanding Who Is in Control of American Education14
2The Evolution of Educational Governance and the Federal Role16
Education as a System to Achieve Social Goals: Federal Involvement in Education20
Where Is the Federal Role Heading?26
Why Has This Increased Federal Role Been Sustainable?33
The New Federal-State Relationship34
Will Federal Influence Decrease at Some Future Point?36
3Power to the States: Why and How States Are More Actively Shaping Education Policy38
Increased State Responsibility for Funding and Its Relationship with Education Reform38
Education Reform in the 1980s42
The State Role in Education Reform in the 1990s45
Statewide Systemic Reform53
Beyond the Coleman Report: School Effects on Student Learning55
New State Expectations for Educational Leaders58
Linking Funding and Performance: The Next Step59
4The Competing Forces Shaping Governance and Policy64
Five Forces Behind State Reforms65
Nongovernmental Influences on Education Policy, Practice, and Governance75
Education Under Siege?83
5Why Is It So Difficult to Implement State Policy at the School Level?84
The Interplay Between State and Local Levels in Policy Implementation84
How Schools Process Reforms88
Compliance-Oriented Implementation vs. Goal-Oriented Implementation91
Organizational Challenges to Reform Implementation92
Rethinking Governance as a First Step Toward State-Local Partnerships98
6Aligning Policy Levers103
Pluses, Minuses, and Limitations of Alignment104
What Are the Levers for System Alignment?111
K-16 Alignment: What Is It and What Does It Look Like?117
Alignment: More Energy, Better Results?125
7Changes in Roles at the State Level126
The Changing Role and Structure of State Policy Mechanisms126
The New Role of State Boards of Education130
The Contradictory Goals of State Education Agencies132
Transforming Departments of Education134
The Role of Commissions and Extra-Governmental Agencies138
What's Next for the State Level of Governance?143
8Changes in Roles at the District Level144
Local Boards of Education144
Superintendents and Central Offices153
9Changes in Roles at the School Level159
The Reluctant Partners177
10What Challenges and Possibilities Lie Ahead?178
Taking Stock: Where Are We? Where Are We Heading?178
What Are the Longer-Term Implications of Current Trends?183
Aligning Governance with Key Values, Goals, and Purposes188
Outlines of a New Governance System192
The Pressing Need to Create New Governance Models198
About the Author239

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