What to Expect the Second Year: From 12 to 24 Months

What to Expect the Second Year: From 12 to 24 Months


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The complete why, when, and how-to guide for parenting a one-year-old.
  • When will my 13-month-old start to walk?
  • Shouldn’t my 14-month-old be talking already?
  • How can I  get my picky eater to pick something besides pasta?
  • Sure, I can ignore a tantrum at home—but what am I supposed to do in the middle of the mall?
  • Why does my toddler have such a hard time sharing? Taking turns? Playing nicely?
  • When should we break the bottle habit . . . and what about the pacifier?
  • How do I get my  almost-two-year-old to settle down for bed—and stay asleep all night?

Just in time for those first steps, here’s the next step in What to Expect. Picking up the action at baby’s first birthday, What to Expect the Second Year is the complete guide to the “wonder year”—twelve jam-packed months of amazing milestones, lightning-speed learning, and endless discoveries. Filled with must-have information on everything from feeding (tips to tempt picky palates) to sleep (how to get more of it), talking (decoding those first words) to behavior (defusing those first tantrums). Plus, how to keep your busy one-year-old safe and healthy.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761152774
Publisher: Workman Publishing Company, Inc.
Publication date: 04/05/2011
Series: What to Expect Series
Pages: 540
Sales rank: 26,709
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Heidi Murkoff is the author of the What to Expect® series of pregnancy and parenting books with over 38 million copies in print. She is also the creator of WhatToExpect.com and the WhatToExpect app, which reach over 18 million expecting and new parents, and the What to Expect Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping at-risk moms around the world expect healthier pregnancies, safer deliveries, and healthy, happy babies.

Table of Contents

Foreword Mark Widome xii

Introduction: Bye-Bye Baby, Hello Toddler xv

A Toddler Timeline: The Second Year at a Glance 2

Developmental Milestones in the Second Year 3

12 to 13 Months

It's Cumulative

13 to 14 Months

14 to 15 Months

15 to 16 Months

16 to 17 Months

17 to 18 Months

18 to 20 Months

20 to 22 Months

22 to 24 Months

Chapter 1 Your Toddler on the Grow 10

What You May Be Wondering About 10

Growth Charts

TWINS Different Growth for Different Folks

Measuring Your Wiggly Worm

The Tubby Toddler

MILESTONE Height and Weight

The Thin Toddler


ALL ABOUT: Growth Charts 16

Chapter 2 Your Toddler, Head-to-Toe 20

Hair Care

A Sticky Situation

Hair-Brushing Hijinks

Time for a Trim?

Shampoo Struggles

Chemicals in Shampoo?

Eye Care

Spotting Vision Problems


Getting Glasses

Ear Care

Signs of a Hearing Problem

Sound Defense

Ear Piercing

Tooth Care

Tooth Problems Don't Fall Far from the Tree

Toothbrushing Tussles

Time for Fluoride Toothpaste?

Teething, Round Two

Teeth and Sweets

MILESTONE Tooth Timetable

Gaps Between Teeth

Preparing for the Dentist

Visiting the Dentist

Skin Care

MILESTONE Keeping Clean… By Myself

Bath Rejection

Hand-Washing Resistance

It's a Dirty Job

Dry Skin

Chapped Cheeks


Other Skin Rashes

Skin Check

Screening Out the Sun

Sunscreen Struggles

Nail Care

Nail-Trimming Trials

Foot Care

Funny Feet

The Mystery of the Missing Arch

Choosing Shoes

Time for New Shoes?

If the Shoe Fits …

Girl and Boy Parts (a.k.a. Genitals)

Bottom Care

Strange Stools

The New Scoop on Poop

The Diaper Wars

No More Diapers?

Playing with Diaper Contents

ALL ABOUT: Thinking About Toilet Training 61

Potty Ready Signs

MILESTONE Potty Readiness

FOR PARENTS But Are You Ready?

Potty Able Signs

Potty Prep

Toilet-Training Trends

Ready …Set … Go Potty

Chapter 3 Your Toddler on the Go 68

What You May Be Wondering About 68


MILESTONE Getting Up and Going

Encouraging Walking

TWINS Walking to Different Beats

Delayed Walking

Going Back to Crawling

Coordination … or Lack of It

Born Early?

Taking the Ouch Out of Falls


Climbing Out of Crib

Very Active Toddler

MILESTONE Let's Play Ball

Less Active Toddler

ALL ABOUT: Getting Physical 80

Outlets for High-Energy Toddlers

In the Swim

Ways to Unwind

Chapter 4 Feeding 84

The Second Year Diet 84

Introducing … Healthy Habits

Additives Add Up

Mix It Up

The Second Year Daily Dozen

Drink Your Vitamins?

Don't Get Your Toddler Juiced

It's Milk Time

Serving Size Matters

What You May Be Wondering About 94

When to Wean from the Breast

How to Wean: From the Breast

How to Wean: From the Bottle

When to Wean from the Bottle

Cup Conflict

Straw Power

Sippy Savvy

Belated Bottle Weaning

Milk Rejection

Milk Allergy

Milk Measures

Food Allergies

Appetite Slump

MILESTONE Self-Feeding

Up-and-Down Appetite

Messy Eating

Self-Feeding Sloppiness

Food Blowing

Food Fetishes

The Fussy Eater

Try, Try Again

Banishing Beige Boredom

Ordering Up Trouble?

Vegetable Snubbing

Gratifying a Snack Attack

Fun with Food

Favorite Food Rejection

Restless Mealtimes

Mealtime Entertainment

Switching Out of a High Chair

A Vegetarian or Vegan Diet

Dining Out with a Toddler

Choking Risks

ALL ABOUT: Food Safety 123

Safe Produce

Chemicals Aren't Kids' Stuff

The Dirty Dozen … and the Clean Team

Safe Meat, Poultry, and Fish

Is It Done Yet?

One Fish, Two Fish … No Fish?

Safe Dairy

A Moldy Situation

Safe Eggs

Safe Drinking Water

BPA in Food Containers

Chapter 5 Sleeping 131

What You May Be Wondering About 131

Bedtime Rebellion


Night Waking

Pillow Talk

Making Bedtime Routine

Waking for a Reason

Sleep Training Revisited

Active Today, Peaceful Tonight

Does a Whimper Mean Awake?

Late Bedtime

Sleep by Association

Middle of the Night Feedings

Early Rising

Daylight Saving Time and Bedtime

Crib Notes


From Two Naps to One

TWINS A Good Night's Sleep Times Two

Too Late Naps

Weight for Sleep

Too Short Naps

Resistance to Napping



Nightmares vs. Night Terrors

Moving to a Bed

Night Wandering

When a Threesome Isn't Your Speed

ALL ABOUT: Establishing Good Sleep Habits 153

Chapter 6 Behavior 156

What You May Be Wondering About 156

The Into-Everything Toddler

Behavior at a Glance

Exploring the World … By Mouth

Opening and Shutting

Emptying Things

Dropping Things

Hello, New Baby

The Little Destroyer


Banging on Everything

Screeching and Screaming


Keeping Your Baby Safe from Your Toddler


Taming Aggression

FOR PARENTS At the End of the Day

Hair Pulling

Aggressiveness with Toys

Thumb Sucking

Continued Pacifier Use

A Comfort Object

Comfort at a Cost

No Comfort Habit, No Problem

Head Banging and Other Comfort Habits


Ritual Red Flags

Embracing the Routines

Resistance to Change


No Clinging Here

Cutting Those Strings Safely

Separation Anxiety

FOR PARENTS The Long Good-bye

A Preference for One Parent

TWINS When Twins Tarn Green with Envy

When Baby Makes … One Too Many for Your Toddler

Stranger Suspicion

No Fear of Strangers

Wandering Off

Teaching Street Smarts

Fears and Phobias

Fear of Dogs

Facing Fears

FOR PARENTS Is It Time for a Pet?

Pet Prescriptions

No Fear of Dogs


Hug It Away

FOR PARENTS When to Say "Yes" to a "No"

Not Listening to your "No"


FOR PARENTS Feeling Down


Impatience (Now!)

Demanding Attention

Car Seat Conflict

Stroller Struggles

Arch Enemy

A Ride to Obesity?

FOR PARENTS Shopping with Toddlers: Mission Impossible?

Dressing Dilemmas

A Toddler in the Buff

Self-Dressing Frustrations

Having Fun Getting the Job Done

Challenging Toddler

Living with a Challenging Temperament

ALL ABOUT: Taming Tantrums 234

The "Terrible Twos" Start Now

What's Behind Your Toddler's Tantrums?

Heading Off Tantrums

FOR PARENTS Don't Be a Cave-Mom

Being Held Hostage by Breath Holding?

Tantrum Dos and Don'ts

Time-Outs for Tantrums?

FOR PARENTS Keeping Your Cool

Public Tantrums

After the Storm

For-Parents-Only Tantrums

FOR PARENTS Join the Club

Chapter 7 Disciplining Your Toddler 244

What Discipline Is…and Isn't 245

Discipline Basics

FOR PARENTS Staying on the Same Page

Discipline Strategies That Work 248

Discipline Methods

Win-Win Solutions

FOR PARENTS Take a Time-In

Spanking: Don't Do It

Making Discipline Effective

Life with Limits

ALL ABOUT: Right and Wrong 254

Chapter 8 Talking 256

What You May Be Wondering About 256

Not Talking Yet


The General Idea

Conversation Frustration

Signing In

TWINS Double Talk

Loss of Vocabulary

The Gift of Gab

Unclear Speech

Only One Word at a Time

ALL ABOUT: Getting Your Toddler Talking 266

Chapter 9 Learning 270

What You May Be Wondering About 270

ABCs and 1-2-3s

Raising a Reader

The ABCs of P's and Q's

A Taste (Literally) for Literature

Reading Repetition

What's This? What's That?

Toddler Classes


Teaching Time

Educational DVDs

TV Watching

The Trouble with TV

ALL ABOUT: Cultivating Curiosity 284

Chapter 10 Playing and Making Friends 286

What You May Be Wondering About 286

The Power of Play

MILESTONE Fine Motor Skills

Toys for Toddlers

Presenting Fewer Presents

Clutter Control

Righty or Lefty?

Toy Safety and Older Sibs


FOR PARENTS Toddler Game Tedium

A Short Attention Span

Independent Play

A Start in Art

MILESTONE Color by Number

Music Making

Dance Fever

Playground Trepidation

Playground Safety

Playdate Guidelines

Playdate Clinging

Starting a Playgroup

Have a Little Slugger?

TWINS Double the Fun

Playing with Others

Bad Habit Swapping

Being a Pushover

Trouble Taking Turns

Difficulty Sharing

Sharing, Caring… or Showing Off?

When you Gotta Share

The In-Your-Face Toddler

No Rough Stuff

Not-So-Nice Behavior

ALL ABOUT: Making Friends 318

Chapter 11 Traveling with Your Toddler 321

On the Go with Your Toddler 321

Wherever You Go

Traveling By Car

Fun on the Go

Curbing the Queasies

Traveling By Plane

Passports for Half-Pints

Junior Jet Lag

Traveling By Train

Tantrums to Go

A Traveling Toddler's Tummy

Choosing a Family-Friendly Hotel

FOR PARENTS Toddler-Free Travels

Chapter 12 Keeping Your Toddler Healthy 341

What, You Can Expect at Checkups 341

Doctor, Doctor

Fear of the Doctor

You Know Your Child Best

Tell It Like It Is

Immunizations 346

Recommended Vaccinations

FOR PARENTS Vaccines: They're Not Just for Kids

When to Call the Doctor After an Immunization

Should a Cold Delay a Shot?

Recommended Immunization Schedule for Early Childhood

Better Late Than Never

The Reality About Immunization Myths

Taking the Fears, Tears, and Ouches Out of Shots

Immunization Precautions

Calling the Doctor 356

When to Call the Doctor

Where Does It Hurt?

No Silly Questions

Before You Call the Doctor

Your Toddler's Pain Threshold

Figuring Out Fever 363

Taking Your Toddler's Temperature

Febrile Convulsions

Reading the Thermometer

Treating a Fever

Typical Body Temperatures

Fever: Just Part of the Picture

Caring for a Sick Toddler 369

At Home

FOR PARENTS When You're Sick

In the Hospital

Prepping for a Hospital Stay

ALL ABOUT: Medication 373

Getting Medication Information

Online Meds: A Prescription for Danger?

Herbal Remedies

Giving Medicine Safely

Don't Give These to Your Toddler

Acetaminophen or Ibuprofren?

Helping the Medicine Go Down

The Most Common Toddler Illnesses 380

Common Cold

Good News About That Runny Nose

Your Smoking Is Bad for Your Toddler's Health

Ear Infection

Tubes for Toddlers

Some Probiotics with Those Antibiotics?


A Sore Throat


Keeping Germs Contained



Signs of Dehydration

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

The Most Common Chronic Conditions 392


Is It an Allergy? or a Cold?

Life-Threatening Allergies


Asthma…or RAD?

Celiac Disease

When the Food-Allergic or Celiac Toddler Steps Out

Seizures and Epilepsy

Hearing Loss or Impairment

Hearing Tests

Chapter 13 Second Year Safety 404

Safety in the Home 404

Being Careful Doesn't Mean Being Obsessive

Childproofing Around the Home

Safety Gates

Safe Heights

Mechanical Fascination

Red Light Greenery

Lead Can Lead to Trouble

No Gun Is a Safe Gun

Happy Holidays Without the Hazards

Childproofing the Kitchen

Poison Control

Not a Do-It-Yourselfer?

Childproofing the Bathroom

Dressing for Safety

Childproofing the Laundry Room

Childproofing the Garage

Childproofing Toddler Toys

Delecting Trouble

Certifiably Safe

There's No Substitute for Supervision

Indoor Pest Control

Calling All Recalls

Safety When Out and About 425

Outdoor Safety

A Safe Place to Play

Safety Around Bugs

Outdoor Water Safety

Safety in the Snow

Car Safety

Sunny and Mild? Not in the Car

A Safe Ride

ALL ABOUT: Teaching Your Toddler to Be Safe 436

Chapter 14 Treating Toddler Injuries 440

Preparing for Emergencies 440

First Aid for the Toddler 442

Abdominal Injuries



Bleeding, Internal

Broken Bones or Fractures

Bruises, Skin


Chemical Burns


Cold Injuries




Dog Bites

Drowning (Submersion Injury)

Ear Injuries

Electric Shock

Eye Injuries


Finger and Toe Injuries

Foreign Objects


Frostbite and Frostnip

Head Injuries

Heat Injuries



Insect Bites or Stings

Lip, Split or Cut

Mouth Injuries

Nose Injuries


Poison Guidelines You Should Know

Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, Poison Sumac

Puncture Wounds




Severed Limb or Digit


Skin Wounds

Stocking the Medicine Cabinet

Making a Boo-Boo Better

Snake Bites

Spider Bites




Swallowed Foreign Objects

Objects in all the Wrong Places

Teeth, Injury to

Tick Bites

Toe Injuries

Tongue, Injury to

First Aid for Toddlers: Choking and Breathing Emergencies 463

Check, Call, Care

CPR: The Most Important Skill You'll Hopefully Never Need


Which Comes First

Rescue Breathing

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): Children Over One Year

First Aid for a Choking Toddler

Chapter 15 Developmental Disorders 472

What You May Be Wondering About 472

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Down Syndrome

FOR PARENTS Helping Your Child

Sensery Processing Disorder(SPD)

Developmental Delays

Finding Help

ALL ABOUT: Living With Your Special Child 480

Helping the Healthy Sibs

Index 485

Customer Reviews