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ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
War and American Women: Heroism, Deeds, and Controversy / Edition 1

War and American Women: Heroism, Deeds, and Controversy / Edition 1

by William B. BreuerWilliam B. Breuer


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American women have had a sterling tradition of courage, sacrifice, and dedication in support roles in the armed services in times of war, and as spies, guerrilla leaders, and frontline correspondents. Most of their heroics and deeds have largely gone unreported, even though many have been killed in the line of duty, died of diseases or accidents, or suffered as prisoners of war.

Focusing on human drama, this riveting book tells vividly of women's achievements in uniform going back to World War I. It also relates in compelling style the heated controversy over sending women into combat, a dispute that contributed to the suicide of Admiral Jeremy Boorda in 1996.

The Gulf War of 1991 saw 37,000 women serve in uniform who, like their predecessors, performed admirably and demonstrated courage under fire. This war and the subsequent Tailhook scandal renewed the call by feminist groups and their supporters in Congress to have the military remove, once and for all, the restrictions barring women from direct combat. While some saw this struggle as a quest for equality and opportunity in uniform, others fought just as vigorously to keep women out of combat. The 1990s saw women assigned to ships, to aircraft, and to jobs previously denied them due to an easing of the long-standing combat restrictions. This resulted in a nationwide debate which, many allege, contributed to the suicide of Admiral Jeremy Boorda in 1996.

Allowing women to serve in the military during wartime has been a subject of controversy since World War I, when, for the first time in history, thousands answered the same patriotic call to duty as the men and volunteered. Unlike the men, however, these pioneers were targets of gossip and branded as camp followers by some. Since that time, some 3.5 million American women have served their country as spies, nurses, guerrillas, or war correspondents. Many of these volunteers were wounded or died in the line of duty, others suffered as prisoners of war—all with little or no recognition.

During World War II, the military actively recruited women to fill support roles in an effort to free more able-bodied men for combat duty. This resulted in the creation of women's branches of the armed services, which enabled women to take on even greater challenges and more diversified roles than previously allowed. These new organizations included: WAACs—later WACs (Army) WAVEs (Navy) SPARs (Coast Guard) Marine Corps Women's Reserve WASPs (ferrying airplanes) These groups attracted more than 350,000 volunteers. The tradition of volunteering continued on through conflicts in Korea and Vietnam, and each time, American women met their challenges with honor and distinction. War and American Women brings to life the compelling story of the ordinary and extraordinary women who served their country in times of war. Their largely unreported and unacknowledged acts of heroism are vividly recounted by an author whose style has been described by The New York Times as vintage Hemingway.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780275957179
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 02/11/1997
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.69(d)
Lexile: 1410L (what's this?)

About the Author

WILLIAM B. BREUER is a decorated combat veteran of World War II who landed with the first assault waves in Normandy. He is one of today's most popular military historians and the author of 25 books since 1982. Ten were selections of the Military Book Club, six translated into foreign languages. A first class author who writes with an emphasis on human drama, says The Wall Street Journal.

Table of Contents

A Nightmare in Vietnam

Female Trailblazers

"You Have a Debt to Democracy"

Secret Missions

A Conspiracy to Murder Hitler

Lady Spies and a Blonde Guerrilla

A Hair-Raising Escape

Two Spymistresses in Manila

Cracking a Man's World

An Ordeal in Southeast Asia

Lady Generals and Lady Birds

A Painful Homecoming

Clash over the Service Academies

First Crisis for the Coed Army

"Your Mission Is to Win Our Wars"

A New View in the Pentagon

"General, You Are a Male Chauvinist!"

A Plan to Register Women

An Episode in Panama

Scud Missiles, Culture Problems, and POWs

"We're Talking About the Battlefront"

A Spirited Debate

Fallout from a Tailhook Convention

"Today's Battlefield Is More Horrific"

Charges and Countercharges

Trials and Tribulations

Two Admirals Walk the Plank

The Ike Makes History

Tragedy on an Aircraft Carrier

A Sea Cruise Plays to Mixed Reviews

Navigating Troubled Waters

The Admiral Boorda Tragedy

Notes and Sources


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