Utopia: The Avant-Garde, Modernism and (Im)possible Life

Utopia: The Avant-Garde, Modernism and (Im)possible Life

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Utopian hope and dystopian despair are characteristic features of modernism and the avant-garde. Readings of the avant-garde have frequently sought to identify utopian moments coded in its works and activities as optimistic signs of a possible future social life, or as the attempt to preserve hope against the closure of an emergent dystopian present. The fourth volume of the EAM series, European Avant-Garde and Modernism Studies, casts light on the history, theory and actuality of the utopian and dystopian strands which run through European modernism and the avant-garde from the late 19th to the 21st century. The book’s varied and carefully selected contributions, written by experts from around 20 countries, seek to answer such questions as: · how have modernism and the avant-garde responded to historical circumstance in mapping the form of possible futures for humanity?· how have avant-garde and modernist works presented ideals of living as alternatives to the present?· how have avant-gardists acted with or against the state to remodel human life or to resist the instrumental reduction of life by administration and industrialisation?

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783110433005
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publication date: 12/14/2015
Series: European Avant-Garde and Modernism Studies , #4
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 544
File size: 4 MB
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

D. Ayers, Kent, Canterbury, UK; B. Hjartarson, Iceland, Reykyavik; T. Huttunen, Helsinki, Finland; H. Veivo, Paris III, France

Table of Contents


New People of a New Life: Modernism, the Avant-Garde and the Aesthetics of Utopia David Ayers Benedikt Hjartarson 3

Ideology and Aesthetics

"Enemies of Utopia for the sake of its realisation": Futurism, Surrealism, Situationism, and the Problem of Utopia Sam Cooper 17

World War I, Modernism and Minor Utopias Cedric Van Dijck Sarah Posman Marysa Demoor 33

Utopia through Art: Building Bridges and Curing Culture in War-Torn Europe Marjet Brolsma 49

Designing a Peaceful World in a Time of Conflict: The Dutch Writer Frederik van Eeden and His Mission as an Internationalist during World War I Tessa Lobbes 59

Surrealism's Utopia: Off the Map? Elza Adamowicz 73

Utopian Failure and Function in Die Eigenart des Ästhetischen Erik Bachman 89

Language Writing's Concrete Utopia: From Leningrad to Occupy Barrett Watten 99

Rationalism and Redemption

Magnetic Modernism: František Kupka's Mesmeric Abstraction and Anarcho-Cosmic Utopia Fae Brauer 123

Juan Gelman and the Development of a Utopian Poetics Cathy L. Jrade 153

Utopie und Apokalypse in der österreichischen Kulturzeitschrift Der Brenner (1910-1954) Markus Ender Ingrid Fürhapter 169

Redemption, Utopia and the Avant-Garde: German-Jewish Visions of the Future Sami Sjöberg 185

From the "Transparent Stone Age" to the "Space of the Chalice-Cupola": Perceptual Utopias in the Russian Avant-Garde (1910s-1960s) Natalia Baschmakoff 199

A la recherche d'une sonorityé utopique: Sound Representations of Utopia in the Works of Russian Musicians in the First Three Decades of the 20th Century Elena Petrushanskaya-Averbakh 215

Utopian Dimensions in Pedro Cabrita Reis: A Melancholic Return to Modernist Paradigms? Bruno Marques 229

Primitivism, Photomontage, Ethnography: Utopian Fragments in Hannah Höch's Aus einem ethnographischen Museum Joshua Dittrich 241

Experimentation and Urban Space

A Paper Paradise: Ernst Bloch and the Crystal Chain Kate Armond 259

A Retreat from Everyday Soviet Life: Konstantin Vaginov's Utopian Vision Irina Marchesini 275

Utopian Voyages: Robert and Sonia Delaunay's Mural Schemes for the 1937 Exposition Internationale in Paris Kate Kangaslahti 289

Deconstructing Constructivism in Post-Communist Hungary: László Rajk and the Na-Ne Gallery Éva Forgács 307

Guerrilla Art in the Streets of Athens: A Plan for Utopia in Action Konstantina Drakopoulou 323

Communities and Education

Utopian Futures and Imagined Pasts in the Ambivalent Modernism of the Kibbo Kift Kindred Annebella Pollen 339

New York, Anarchism and Children's Art Sarah Archino 355

Children's Utopia / Fascist Utopia: An Analysis of Children's Textbooks and Subjection under Fascism Sylvia Hakopian 369

The Future in Modernism: C.K. Ogden's To-Day and To-Morrow Book Series Max Saunders 383

Escape from Utopia: The Metamorphoses of Utopian Dreams in the Russian Avant-Garde in Exile (Il'ya Zdanevich, Boris Poplavskii) Dmitrii Tokarev 397

Sexuality and Desire

Erotic Utopia - Free Upbringing, Free Sex and Socialism: Wilhelm Reich's Influence on Vilhelm Bjerke-Petersen's Danish Surrealism Camilla Skovbjerg Paldam 413

Faire jouir le système: Georges Bataitle et l'utopie de l'impossible Claire Lozier 429

The Non-Oedipal Android: Towards a Surrealist Utopia in Postwar Romania Imre József Balázs 445

From Collective Love to Nudism and the Naked City: Jens August Schade's Utopian Eroticism between Surrealism, Situationism and Popular Culture Per Stounbjerg 459

The Undercut Utopian Worlds of the Russian Pierrot Riku Toivola 475

Dystopian Visions and Ideas of Death as a Transformation in Gilbert Clavel's An Institute for Suicide Jun Tanaka 493

List of Contributors 503

Index 505

Colour Illustrations 517

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