Table of ContentsContents: Volume 1: Part 1 Systems and Structures: UN Institutional Development and Reform: From League of Nations to United nation, Leland M. Goodrich; Beyond the UN system? Critical perspectives on global governance and multilateral evolution, W. Andy Knight; The reform of the UN and cosmopolitan democracy: a critical review, Daniele Archibugi; Reforming the United Nations, Paul Kennedy and Bruce Russett; Democracy in the United Nations. For and against, Raino Malnes; Twilight of the UN, Michael Lind; Saving the UN - a challenge for the next Secretary-General, Jesse Helms; The limits of international organization: systematic failure in the management of international relations, Giulio M. Gallarotti. Part 2 UN Financing: Financing the United Nations: some possible solutions, Erskine Childers; The UN finance crisis: a history and analysis, Simon Duke; Financing the United Nations, Muchkund Dubey. Part 3 The UN, States and Non-Governmental Actors: Appraising the UN at 50: the looming challenge, Richard Falk; The influence of states and groups of states on and in the Security Council and general Assembly, Sally Morphet; Pluralising global governance: analytical approaches and dimensions, Leon Gordenker and Thomas G. Weiss; Non-governmental organizations in the United Nations system: the emerging role of international civil society, Dianne Otto;Breaking the realists' cabal: citizens' rights in the UN, Erskine B. Childers. Part 4 The UN Secretariat and Secretary General: Resilience and reform: some thoughts on the processes of change in the United Nations, Antonio Domini; Towards the management renewal of the United Nations, Michael Gurstein and Josef Klee; The history, role and organization of the 'cabinet' of the United Nations Secretary-General, B.G. Ramcharan; The office of the Secretary-General and the maintenance of international peace and security, Nabil Elaraby; Selecting the world's CEO: remembering the Secretaries-General, Brian Urquhart; Index. Contents: Volume II: Part 1 Functions and Futures: The UN, International Peace and International Order: General: Collective legitimization as a political function of the United Nations, Inis L. Claude Jr.; The legitimacy of the collective authority of the Security Council, David D. Caron; The United Nations, conflict management and spheres of interest, Terry Terriff and James F. Keeley; International Peacemaking and peacekeeping: the morality of multilateral measures, Charles W. Kegley Jr.; The limits of UN diplomacy and the future of conflict mediation, Yasushi Akashi. Peacekeeping: The evolution of United Nations peacekeeping, Marrack Goulding; The evolution of United nations peacekeeping, Ruth Wedgwood; UN peacekeeping: recent developments and current problems, Alan James; Putting the peace back into peacekeeping: theory must inform practice, A.B. Fetherston; From peacekeeping to blood-letting: the travails of the UN, Kumar Banerji. Regional Organizations: Towards a subsidiarity model for peacemaking and preventive diplomacy: making Chapter VIII of the UN Charter operational, W. Andy Knight; Partners in peace? The UN, regional organizations and peacekeeping, Michael Barnett. Peace Enforcement: International law and the use of, force in the Gulf, N.D. White and H. McCoubrey; National interest, humanitarianism or CNN: what triggers UN peace enforcement after the Cold War, Peter Viggo Jakobsen; Is the Security Council working? 'Desert Storm' critically examined, Amir A. Majid. Peace Building: Re-inventing governments: the promise and perils of United Nations peace building, Eva Bertram; UN peace-building and human rights, Reed Brody. Part 2 The UN, Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention: The UN's human rights record: from San Francisco to Vienna and beyond, Philip Alston; The UN and human rights at 50: an incremental but incomplete revolution, David P. Forsythe; The role and limit of human rights NGOs at the United Nations, Rachel Brett; Humanitarian war: military intervention and human rights, Adam Roberts; Intervention: whither the United Nations?, Thomas G. Weiss; The United Nations and the protection of the individual and group rights, W. Ofuatey-Kodjoe; Intervention: Article 2.7 versus Articles 55-56, Sydney D. Bailey. Part 3 The UN, Sustainable Development and Social and Economic Affairs: United Nations and co-operation in development, K.P. Saskena; Engaging the world's marginalized and promoting global change: challenges for the United Nations at 50, Peter Vale; The international politics of environment and development: the post-UNCED agenda, Ian H. Rowlands; Index.