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Tribes and States in a Changing Middle East

Tribes and States in a Changing Middle East

by Uzi Rabi (Editor)


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At the outset of the twenty-first century and in the midst of the Arab Spring, tribe-state relations are a useful frame of reference through which to analyze the Middle East on a state-by-state basis. Tribes and States in a Changing Middle East looks beyond the dichotomy between tribe and state. Its central theme is the role of tribes and tribalism in state politics, society, and identity, as demonstrated in case studies from the Arab East (mashriq). The book is a comparative endeavour that seeks to address questions related to the interplay between tribal organizations and state institutions, tribal solidarity and nationalism, and tribal power and the centralized government. It further discusses the impact and role of tribal polities in modern states in times of regional and national turmoil.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780190264925
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 06/01/2016
Pages: 288
Product dimensions: 5.60(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Uzi Rabi is Director of the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel Aviv University. He is the author of The Emergence of States in a Tribal Society: Oman Under Sa'id bin Taymur, 1932-1970.

Table of Contents


Foreword: Joshua Teitelbaum - Bringing the Tribes Back In

Introduction: Uzi Rabi

1. Yoav Alon - From Abdullah (I) to Abdullah (II): The Monarchy, the Tribes and the Shaykhly Families in Jordan, 1920-2012
2. Jill Crystal - Tribes and Patronage Networks in Qatar
3. Andrea Rugh - Backgammon or Chess? The State of Tribalism and Tribal Leadership in the United Arab Emirates
4. Uzi Rabi - The Sultanate of Oman: Balancing Tribe, Religion and State
5. Sarah Yizraeli - Al Saud An Ambivalent Approach to Tribalism
6. J.E. Peterson - Tribes, the State, and the Awakening
7. Dawn Chatty - Bedouin Tribes in Contemporary Syria: Alternative Perceptions of Authority, Management and Control
8. Ronen Zeidel - Tribes in Iraq: A Negligible Factor in State Formation
9. Anthony B. Toth - Bahrain: The Amiri State System's Bloody Bulwark against the Arab Spring
10. Philip Carl Salzman - Tribes and States: Some Theoretical Issues
11. Joseph Kostiner - The Nation in Tribal Societies Reflections on K.H. al-Naqib's Studies on the Gulf

Yoav Alon
Yoav Alon is Senior Lecturer in the modern history of the Middle East at
Tel Aviv University. He is the author of The Making of Jordan: Tribes, Colonialism and the Modern State (2007). He is currently completing a book manuscript on the social biography of a Jordanian shaykh.

Dawn Chatty
Dawn Chatty is University Professor in Anthropology and Forced Migration and Director of the Refugee Studies Centre, Department of International Development, University of Oxford, UK. Her research interests include nomadic pastoralism and conservation, gender and development, health, illness and culture, and coping strategies of refugee youth. Her most recent books include Children of Palestine: Experiencing Forced Migration in the Middle East (ed. with Gillian Lewando-Hundt) (Berghahn Press, 2005); Handbook on Nomads in the Middle East and North Africa (ed.) (Brill, 2006); and Dispossession and Displacement in the Modern Middle East (Cambridge, 2010).

Jill Crystal
Jill Crystal is a Professor in the Department of Political Science at Auburn University. She received her BA from Cornell University and MA and PhD from Harvard University. She is the author of several articles and of two books on the Gulf: Oil and Politics in the Gulf: Rulers and Merchants in Kuwait and Qatar (Cambridge University Press, 1995) and Kuwait: The Transformation of an Oil State (Westview, 1992). Her research interests include Gulf politics, authoritarianism and democratization, police and law, and political economy.

Joseph Kostiner
Joseph Kostiner was Associate Professor in the Department of Middle Eastern and African History at Tel Aviv University and a Senior Research Fellow at the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies. His fields of specialization included the history and current affairs of the Arabian Peninsula states as well as tribes, states and nation-building in the Middle East. He was the author of numerous articles and several books, including Yemen: The Tortuous Quest for Unity, 1990-1994 (Pinter Publishers, 1996), From Chieftaincy to Monarchical State: The Making of Saudi Arabia, 1916-1936 (Oxford University Press, 1993), and The Struggle for South Yemen (Palgrave Macmillan, 1984). He also edited several volumes, including Middle East Monarchies (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000) and co-edited (with Philip S. Khoury) Tribes and State Formation in the Middle East (University of California Press, 1991).

J.E. Peterson
J.E. Peterson specializes in Gulf history and politics and has published a dozen books on Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, political participation, and Gulf security, as well as recent articles and chapters on Bahraini politics, recent developments in Oman and Yemen, post-oil scenarios for the Gulf, boundaries in the Gulf, and Baluch in the Gulf. His most recent publication is Oman's Insurgencies: The Sultanate's Struggle for Supremacy (Saqi Books, 2008).

Uzi Rabi
Uzi Rabi is an Assistant Professor at Tel Aviv University, the Director of the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, and Chair of the Department of Middle Eastern and African History at Tel Aviv University. His fields of specialization include the modern history of states and societies in the Persian Gulf; revolutionary dynamics in the Middle East; oil and politics in the Middle East; Iranian-Arab relations; and Sunni-Shi'i tensions. Prof. Rabi is the author of numerous publications, academic articles, and book reviews, including The Emergence of States in a Tribal Society: Oman Under Sa'id bin Taymur, 1932- 1970 (Sussex Academic Press 2006); Saudi Arabia, An Oil Kingdom in the Labyrinth of Religion and Politics (The Open University, 2007, in Hebrew); and Iran's Time (HaKibbutz HaMeuchad, 2008, in Hebrew). His most recent publication is the edited volume International Intervention in Local Conflicts (I.B. Tauris, 2010).

Andrea Rugh
Andrea Rugh is a Scholar at the Middle East Institute in Washington, D.C. She is the author of several books on the Middle East, including The Political Culture of Leadership in the United Arab Emirates (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2007) and International Development in Practice: Education Assistance in Egypt, Pakistan, and Afghanistan (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2012).

Philip Carl Salzman
Philip Carl Salzman, Professor of Anthropology at McGill University, has been a student of nomadic and tribal peoples for five decades. His main works on these peoples are Black Tents of Baluchistan (Smithsonian, 2000), Pastoralists: Equality, Hierarchy, and the State (Westview Press, 2004), and Culture and Conflict in the Middle East (Humanity Books, 2008). His latest publication is Classic Comparative Anthropology: Studies from the Tradition (Waveland Press, 2012).

Joshua Teitelbaum
Joshua Teitelbaum is a leading historian and expert on the modern Middle East. He teaches Middle Eastern history in the Department of Middle Eastern Studies at Bar-Ilan University in Ramat Gan, Israel. Teitelbaum holds several research positions in Israel and abroad. At Stanford University, he is Visiting Fellow and Contributor to the Herbert and Jane Dwight Working Group on Islamism and the International Order at the Hoover Institution and Visiting Scholar at the Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law. In Israel he is Senior Research Associate at the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (BESA), Bar-Ilan University. His latest book is Saudi Arabia and the New Strategic Landscape (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2010).

Anthony B. Toth
Anthony B. Toth is an independent scholar and writer who lives in Arlington, Virginia. After receiving a doctorate from Oxford, he published several articles and book chapters focusing on Arabia and the Gulf, most recently "Control and Allegiance at the Dawn of the Oil Age: Bedouin, Zakat and Struggles for Sovereignty in Arabia, 1916-1955," Middle East Critique 21.1 (2012).

Sarah Yizraeli
Sarah Yizraeli is a Senior Research Fellow at the Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies at Tel Aviv University. She is the author of the books The Remaking of Saudi Arabia: The Struggle Between King Saud and Crown Prince Faysal, 1953-1962 (The Moshe Dayan Center, 1998) and Politics and Society in Saudi Arabia: The Crucial Years of Development, 1960-1982 (Columbia and Hurst, 2012).

Ronen Zeidel
Ronen Zeidel is Director of Research at the Center for Iraq Studies, University of Haifa. He is the author of dozens of articles covering many aspects of Iraqi history, society and culture. He is coeditor (with Amatzia Baram and Achim Rohde) of Iraq Between Occupations: Perspectives from 1920 to the Present (New York: Palgrave, 2010). Some of his recent articles were published by academic journals in Arabic in Baghdad.

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