by Wales Parliament, William Probert

NOOK Book(eBook)


Available on Compatible NOOK Devices and the free NOOK Apps.
WANT A NOOK?  Explore Now
LEND ME® See Details


Scanned, proofed and corrected from the original edition for your reading pleasure.It is also searchable and contains hyper-links to chapters.


Whatever value may attach to the Triads as historic records, they are at least in many respects documents of great interest, and may be received even by the most hypercritical Wolfian as corroboratory cf other evidence. They are echoes and exponents to us of what the long lost records of Welsh history contained, and of the voice of ancient tradition.

The Triads are clear and positive in according the first colonization of Britain to the Cymry (Cimbri). Triad First says :—" Three names have been given to the Isle of Britain from the beginning. Before it was inhabited it was called Gas Merddin, and afterwards Fel Ynys. When it was put under government by Prydain, son of Aedd the Great, it was called Inis Prydain (the Isle of Prydain), and there was no tribute paid to any but to the race of the Cymry, because they first possessed it, and before them no men dwelt in it, nor anything else except bears, wolves, beavers, and the oxen with the high prominence."

The fourth Triad contains the following :—" The three national pillars of the Isle of Britain:—First, Hu Gadarn (Hu the Mighty) who originally conducted the nation of the Cymry into the Isle of Britain. They came from the summer country which is called Deffrobani [where Constantinople now stands], and it was over the hazy sea [the German Ocean] that they came to the Isle of Britain and to Llydaw [Armorica, Bretagne] where they continued."

The fifth Triad says: "The three honourable [tiddwyn) tribes of the isle of Britain: The first was the nation of the Cymry that came with Hu the Mighty into the isle of Britain. The second was the tribe of the Lloegrwys, [Loegrians, Ligurians?] that came from the land of Gwasgwyn [Gascony?] being descended from the chief nation of the Cymry. The third were the Brython, who came from the land of Armorica, having their descent from the primitive stock of the Cymry; and they are called three tribes of peace, because they came by consent of each other in peace and quietness."

Now these Three Triads are categorical on the following heads:—

1. That the first inhabitants of Britain were the Cymry.

2. That the region whence they came was the "summer country," and that their path was across the German Ocean.

3. That the same people settled also in Armorica.

4. That besides and after the Cymry, two other tribes, the Lloegrwys from Gwasgwyn, and the Brython from Armorica, came over.

No attempt at chronology is here made, but an order of succession is plainly indicated. All the tribes are of one blood. The later comers settle, as if for consolidation, with the consent and friendship of the first possessors—the Cymry. Note also that the regions whence they came are those frequently mentioned by Roman historians as parts inhabited by the Celtse. In all this there is no tone of hypothesis, no hesitation in statement, no clashing with the utterances of authentic history. Avoiding, therefore, the scepticism which is as hostile to the investigation of historic truth as the weakest credulity, we receive the Triad account as substantially worthy of reliance.

The events shadowed in the later Triads occurred after the departure of the Romans, and in Saxon times.

Some, even of these "invading" tribes, are kinsmen to the Cymry. The "Gwyddyls" are the people mentioned in a preceding Triad, as one of the peaceful refuge seeking tribes, and come from the same region of " Alban." This reflection upon their character as intruders, therefore, must have reference to their first appearance from "the sea of Llychlyn," or to a change in their disposition and conduct in Saxon times, and after a long residence in the country.

The "Coranians" who came from the country of Pwyl, supposed by some, as Edward Lhwyd, to mean Poland, are a people unknown in history. From the position of their settlement about the Humber, it is probable that their preceding home was North Germany or Denmark. The Triad contains no intimation that the Coranians were of an alien race. They took possession by force, and afterwards conspired with the Saxons; and this rendered them obnoxious. Had they been of an alien race, this would probably, under the circumstances, have been mentioned to their further discredit.

The "Lloegrians," who also conspired with the Saxons, are said in the seventh Triad to be from Gwasgwyn.

The substantial unity of race of the early inhabitants of Britain has been shown. These multifarious tribes, all of one kindred, though arrived from different countries, across different seas, at different periods of time, we embrace under the one general designation Ancient Britons.

Product Details

BN ID: 2940013401099
Publisher: Leila's Books
Publication date: 09/25/2011
Series: The Ancient Laws Of Cambria , #1
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Sales rank: 1,188,081
File size: 396 KB

Customer Reviews