The Upper Room and Tomb of David: The History, Art and Archaeology of the Cenacle on Mount Zion

The Upper Room and Tomb of David: The History, Art and Archaeology of the Cenacle on Mount Zion

by David Christian Clausen

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It has been a church, a mosque and a synagogue. Jesus is said to have dined there. James, his brother, is believed to have been interred there. King David may be buried beneath its floor. The subject of intense speculation by both scholars and the faithful, the Cenacle on Mount Zion--also known as the Upper Room of the New Testament gospels and as the Tomb of David--has remained a mystery for centuries. Claimed by Jews, Christians and Muslims, the sacred structure continues to evoke passionate controversy. Does it date back to the time of Christ? Was the Last Supper celebrated there? Is this the place where the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles on the first Pentecost following Easter Sunday? Did King David's remains ever lie there? These and many other questions are explored in this first-ever study, offering a readable, fully researched narrative account of the Cenacle's history, archaeology and imagery. Artistic, architectural and photographic illustrations document the Cenacle and its surroundings over the past 1,500 years.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781476624433
Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date: 04/25/2016
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 284
File size: 13 MB
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Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

David Christian Clausen teaches courses in the New Testament, Christian origins, and non-canonical Christian texts at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Having participated in a number of archaeological digs in the Holy Land, his primary area of interest is the early church in Jerusalem. He lives in Charlotte.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Figures ix
Preface 1
Abbreviations 7
Introduction 9
Part I. History and Art
1. The Second Temple and Late Roman Periods 17
2. The Early Byzantine Period and the Construction of Hagia Sion 28
3. The Later Byzantine Period 38
4. The Period of the Persian and Arab Conquests 51
5. The Crusader Period 66
6. The Ayyubid and Early Mamluk Periods 80
7. The Later Mamluk Period 92
8. From the Ottoman Period to Modern Times 106
Part II. Archaeology
9. The Archaeology of Mount Zion from 30 to 135 ce 127
10. The Archaeology of the Adjacent Churches on Southern Mount Zion 135
11. The Archaeology of the Cenacle 152
Part III. The Origin of the Cenacle
12. Was the Cenacle Built as a Jewish Synagogue? 168
13. Was the Cenacle Built as a Pagan Mithraeum? 176
14. Was the Cenacle Built as a Christian Church? 182
Conclusion 191
Chronology 195
Chapter Notes 199
Bibliography 239
Index of Passages Cited or Quoted 251
Index of Subjects 261

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