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Few American Civil War operations matched the controversy, intensity, and bloodshed of Confederate general John Bell Hood’s ill-fated 1864 campaign against Union forces in Tennessee. In the first-ever anthology on the subject, The Tennessee Campaign of 1864, edited by Steven E. Woodworth and Charles D. Grear, fourteen prominent historians and emerging scholars examine the three-month operation, covering the battles of Allatoona, Spring Hill, and Franklin, as well as the decimation of Hood’s army at Nashville.

Contributors explore the campaign’s battlefield action, including how Major General Andrew J. Smith’s three aggressive divisions of the Army of Tennessee became the most successful Federal unit at Nashville, how vastly outnumbered Union troops held the Allatoona Pass, why Hood failed at Spring Hill and how the event has been perceived, and why so many of the Army of Tennessee’s officer corps died at the Battle of Franklin, where the Confederacy suffered a disastrous blow. An exciting inclusion is the diary of Confederate major general Patrick R. Cleburne, which covers the first phase of the campaign. Essays on the strained relationship between Ulysses S. Grant and George H. Thomas and on Thomas’s approach to warfare reveal much about the personalities involved, and chapters about civilians in the campaign’s path and those miles away show how the war affected people not involved in the fighting. An innovative case study of the fighting at Franklin investigates the emotional and psychological impact of killing on the battlefield, and other implications of the campaign include how the courageous actions of the U.S. Colored Troops at Nashville made a lasting impact on the African American community and how preservation efforts met with differing results at Franklin and Nashville.

Canvassing both military and social history, this well-researched volume offers new, illuminating perspectives while furthering long-running debates on more familiar topics. These in-depth essays provide an expert appraisal of one of the most brutal and notorious campaigns in Civil War history.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780809334520
Publisher: Southern Illinois University Press
Publication date: 01/26/2016
Series: Civil War Campaigns in the West
Edition description: 1st Edition
Pages: 280
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Steven E. Woodworth is a professor of history at Texas Christian University. He is the author or editor of thirty-one books about the Civil War, including This Great Struggle: America’s Civil War; Nothing but Victory: The Army of the Tennessee, 1861–1865; and Jefferson Davis and His Generals: The Failure of Confederate Command in the West. He is a coeditor of the Civil War Campaigns in the Heartland series.
Charles D. Grear is a professor of history and the online manager for history and geography at Central Texas College. A specialist on Texas and the Civil War, he is the author, coauthor, or coeditor of six books, including The Chattanooga Campaign, Why Texans Fought in the Civil War, and The House Divided: America in the Era of the Civil War. He is a coeditor of the Civil War Campaigns in the Heartland series. 

Contributors include Stewart Bennett, Andrew S. Bledsoe, John J. Gaines, John R. Lundberg, Jennifer M. Murray, Paul L. Schmelzer, Brooks D. Simpson, Timothy B. Smith, Scott L. Stabler, Jonathan M. Steplyk, D. L. Turner, and William Lee White.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction Steven E. Woodworth 1

1 The Long Lost Diary of Major General Patrick R. Cleburne: Edited William Lee White 7

2 "The Storm Broke In All Its Furu": The Struggle For Allatoona Pass Stewart Bennett 23

3 Errant Moves on the Chessboard of War: The Battle of Spring Hill, November 29, 1864 John R. Lundberg 46

4 The Destruction of the Army of Tennessee's Officer Corps at the Battle of Franklin Andrew S. Bledsoe 66

5 Killing at Franklin: Anatomy of Slaughter Jonathan M. Steplyk 81

6 A Failure to Communicate: Grant, Thomas, and the Nashville Campaign Brooks D. Simpson 105

7 Where Genius Cannot Exist: The Generalship of George H. Thomas Paul L. Schmelzer 129

8 "No More Auction Block for Me": The Fight for Freedom by the U.S. Colored Troops at the Battle of Nashville D. L. Turner Scott L. Stabler 144

9 A. J. Smith's Detachment in the Battle of Nashville Steven E. Woodworth 162

10 Civilian Participants and Observers During the Franklin-Nashville Campaign John J. Gaines 187

11 "Our Peoples are Depressed in Spirit": Texans' Reactions to Hood's Tennessee Campaign Charles D. Grear 201

12 What Could Have Been: Civil War Battlefield Preservation at Franklin Timothy B. Smith 217

13 Preserving the Nashville Battlefield: The South's True Lost Cause Jennifer M. Murray 233

Contributors 251

Index 253

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