The Story of the Choctaw Indians: From the Past to the Present

The Story of the Choctaw Indians: From the Past to the Present

by Joe E. Watkins

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Overview

This book tells the story of the shared history of the three federally recognized Choctaw tribes from before the first European contact in the 1530s and then provides the history and contemporary status of each of the three tribes separately.

Rather than focusing on a single Choctaw group, this book offers for the first time a combined story of "the Choctaw" as the tribe comprises the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, and the Jean Band of Choctaw Indians.

The first portion of the book provides the archaeological history of the native groups that ultimately became the Choctaw, chronicling the development of the people in the southeastern portions of what is now the United States into the people who encountered the first Europeans to set foot on the continent.

Though the tribe's contact with European colonists varied depending on the country from where the colonists originated, that contact was forever changed after the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830 led to the fractionalization of the tribe: some Choctaws moved to what is now Oklahoma, some chose to remain in Mississippi, and others chose to stay in Louisiana. The remainder of the book studies the continued histories of each of the tribes in parallel, offering students and general readers a practicable resource for understanding the Choctaw within the broad context of American history.

• Provides archaeological background of what is now the southeastern United States up until the time of European contact, enabling readers to recognize the depth of indigenous culture in the area

• Presents a concise history of the Choctaw from European contact up to 1830, informing recognition of the interrelated histories of the Choctaw with those of the British and Americans

• Analyzes the events that led up to Removal of the tribe to Indian Territory, and the far-reaching impact that the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek of 1830 had on the tribe to provide historical background on the relationship between the federal government and American Indian tribes

• Offers detailed historical insight into the interactions of each of the three separate Choctaw tribes with the federal government

• Collects the histories of the three federally recognized Choctaw tribes in one place so that readers can compare and contrast the pathways the different tribes took and how those paths led them to their contemporary places in American history

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781440862663
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/07/2018
Series: The Story of the American Indian
Pages: 118
Sales rank: 648,737
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 8 - 12 Years

About the Author

Joe E. Watkins (Choctaw), PhD, is author of Indigenous Archaeology: American Indian Values and Scientific Perspectives and Sacred Sites and Repatriation and coauthor of The Anthropology Graduate's Guide: From Student to a Career.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword ix

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction xvii

Timeline xxv

1 The Deep History of the Choctaw 1

Early Explorers of the North American Continent 1

The Archaic Period 5

The Woodland Period 6

The Mississippi an Period 9

Moundville 9

Lubbub Creek 11

Into the Colonial Era 15

2 Interactions with European Cultures 17

Ethnographic Information on the Choctaw 18

The Spanish Invasion 23

Relations with the French 23

Relations with the English 25

Conclusion 26

3 "A Nation Divided": Dancing Rabbit Creek and Removal 27

Relations with the United States 27

The Continental Congress and the Choctaw 27

The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek 32

Removal 35

Notable Figures 39

Pre-Removal Chiefs 39

4 New Structures: Post-Removal Choctaw Developments 41

Forming the Nation 41

The Mississippi Indians 44

The Choctaw and the Civil War 46

Subdividing the Nation: Allotment and the Aftermath 49

The Dawes Act 49

Dawes Commission 51

Post-Removal Choctaw 53

5 Survival, Self-Determination, and Constructing Modern Choctaw Nations 55

Termination 55

Choctaw Involvement in World War I 56

After the War 58

The Indian "New Deal" and Reorganization 60

Choctaws in World War II 63

After World War II 64

Self-Determination and Economic Development 67

Gaming 71

The Abramoff Scandal 74

Notable Figures 75

Joseph Oklahombi 75

Muriel H. Wright 76

Previous Choctaw Chiefs 77

Phillip Martin 77

Gregory Pyle 78

6 Choctaw in the Contemporary World 79

The Contemporary Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 79

Contemporary Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians 80

Contemporary Jena Band of Choctaw Indians 83

Federally Recognized versus Nonfederally Recognized Tribes 85

Clifton-Choctaw 85

The Mowa 88

Isle de Jean Charles Band 89

Conclusion 90

Notable Figures 91

Clara Sue Kidwell 91

Current Choctaw Chiefs 92

Gary Batton 92

Phyliss J. Anderson 93

B. Cheryl Smith 93

References 95

Further Readings 113

Index 115

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