The Shipwrecked Mind: On Political Reaction

The Shipwrecked Mind: On Political Reaction

by Mark Lilla


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We don’t understand the reactionary mind. As a result, argues Mark Lilla in this timely book, the ideas and passions that shape today’s political dramas are unintelligible to us.

The reactionary is anything but a conservative. He is as radical and modern a figure as the revolutionary, someone shipwrecked in the rapidly changing present, and suffering from nostalgia for an idealized past and an apocalyptic fear that history is rushing toward catastrophe. And like the revolutionary his political engagements are motivated by highly developed ideas.  

Lilla begins with three twentieth-century philosophers—Franz Rosenzweig, Eric Voegelin, and Leo Strauss—who attributed the problems of modern society to a break in the history of ideas and promoted a return to earlier modes of thought. He then examines the enduring power of grand historical narratives of betrayal to shape political outlooks since the French Revolution, and shows how these narratives are employed in the writings of Europe’s right-wing cultural pessimists and Maoist neocommunists, American theoconservatives fantasizing about the harmony of medieval Catholic society and radical Islamists seeking to restore a vanished Muslim caliphate.

The revolutionary spirit that inspired political movements across the world for two centuries may have died out. But the spirit of reaction that rose to meet it has survived and is proving just as formidable a historical force. We live in an age when the tragicomic nostalgia of Don Quixote for a lost golden age has been transformed into a potent and sometimes deadly weapon. Mark Lilla helps us to understand why.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781590179024
Publisher: New York Review Books
Publication date: 09/06/2016
Pages: 168
Sales rank: 496,620
Product dimensions: 5.50(w) x 8.20(h) x 0.44(d)

About the Author

Mark Lilla is Professor of Humanities at Columbia University and the author of The Reckless Mind: Intellectuals in Politics (available from New York Review Books) and, most recently, of The Stillborn God: Politics, Religion, and the Modern West.

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Shipwrecked Mind ix


The Battle for Religion Franz Rosenzweig 3

The Immanent Eschaton Eric Voegelin zy

Athens and Chicago Leo Strauss 43


From Luther to Walmart 67

From Mao to Saint Paul 87


Paris, January 2015 105

Afterword: The Knight and the Caliph 131

Acknowledgments 145

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