The third volume in The History of Journalism series, this work provides an overview of the period from 1833 to 1865 when major journalistic forces evolved within professional circles, reform movements, Southern nationalism, ethnic, religious and racial minorities. The transition from partisan press to commercial journalism, it is argued, was a gradual process that covered the entire popular press era from the founding of the penny newspapers in 1833 through the end of the Civil War in 1865. Newspapers reflected a diverse, multicultural society and numerous reform and partisan groups during the antebellum era. Civil War correspondents created a new power base, the reporter in the field, by occassionally sending reports independent from the views of their commanding officers and employing editors. The relationship between newspapers and the government and political parties remained a complex one, especially during the war when reporters demonstrated their independence if not their objectivity.
Scholars and researchers of journalism history and of the American Civil war will appreciate this synthesis of journalism history during an important period in American history. Among the subjects covered are the New York newspaper wars, specialized publications, alternative newspapers, Western newspaper wars, reporters, officers, and soldiers in the field, and reflections on the popular press. A complete list of sources follows a bibliographical overview.
About the Author
WILLIAM E. HUNTZICKER is an Assistant Professor of Mass Communication at Bemidji State University in Minnesota. He has worked as a Wisconsin correspondent for the St. Paul Pioneer Press and as a reporter for The Associated Press in Minneapolis and for the daily Star in Miles City, Montana.
Table of Contents
News Hits the Streets
New York Newspaper Wars
The Persistence of Partisan Journalism
Diverse Voices, Alternative Newspapers
Western Newspaper Wars
The Editors' Civil War
Reporters, Officers, and Soldiers
Reflections on the Popular Press