From earthquakes to tornados, elected officials' responses to natural disasters can leave an indelible mark on their political careers. In the midst of the 1992 primary season, Hurricane Andrew overwhelmed South Florida, requiring local, state, and federal emergency responses. The work of many politicians in the storm's immediate aftermath led to a curious "incumbency advantage" in the general election a few weeks later, raising the question of just how much the disaster provided opportunities to effectively "campaign without campaigning."
David Twigg uses newspaper stories, scholarly articles, and first person interviews to explore the impact of Hurricane Andrew on local and state political incumbents, revealing how elected officials adjusted their strategies and activities in the wake of the disaster. Not only did Andrew give them a legitimate and necessary opportunity to enhance their constituency service and associate themselves with the flow of external assistance, but it also allowed them to achieve significant personal visibility and media coverage while appearing to be non-political or above "normal" politics. This engrossing case study clearly demonstrates why natural disasters often privilege incumbents. Twigg not only sifts through the post-Andrew election results in Florida, but he also points out the possible effects of other past (and future) disaster events on political campaigns in this fascinating and prescient book.
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|Publisher:||University Press of Florida|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)|
About the Author
David K. Twigg is an adjunct instructor for FIU's Department of Politics and International Relations and is a former director of the FIU Jack D. Gordon Institute for Public Policy and Citizenship Studies and Program in National Security Studies.
Table of Contents
List of Figures ix
List of Tables xi
Preface and Acknowledgments xiii
1 Disasters as Political Challenges 1
2 Florida Legislators: Locally Elected State Officials 17
3 The Kaleidoscope of Florida Politics 45
4 Executive Branch Effects? 59
5 Andrew's First Cavalry: State Officials Respond 70
6 In the Eye: Incumbents from Severely Damaged Cities 107
7 On the Edge: Incumbents from Less Severely Damaged Cities 132
8 Out of the Eye: Incumbents from the Least Severely Damaged Cities 144
9 Disasters as Political Challenges and Opportunities 156
Appendix: Methodology 171
What People are Saying About This
"A rigorous study of disaster’s impact on elected local and state political officials on their electoral fortunes or misfortunes, and on the local political fabric of impacted jurisdictions."Richard T. Sylves, George Washington University