South Korea's political landscape under Park defies easy categorization. The state was predatory yet technocratic, reform-minded yet quick to crack down on dissidents in the name of political order. The nation was balanced uneasily between opposition forces calling for democratic reforms and the Park government's obsession with economic growth. The chaebol (a powerful conglomerate of multinationals based in South Korea) received massive government support to pioneer new growth industries, even as a nationwide campaign of economic shock therapy-interest hikes, devaluation, and wage cuts-met strong public resistance and caused considerable hardship.
This landmark volume examines South Korea's era of development as a study in the complex politics of modernization. Drawing on an extraordinary range of sources in both English and Korean, these essays recover and contextualize many of the ambiguities in South Korea's trajectory from poverty to a sustainable high rate of economic growth.
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About the Author
Ezra F. Vogel is the author of numerous books on Japan and China, including Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China, which was a finalist for the National Book Critics Circle Award for Biography, winner of the Lionel Gelber Prize, and a Best Book of the Year in the Economist, Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post. It was also a New York Times Editors’ Choice and a Gates Notes Top Read. Vogel is the author of the classic work Japan as Number One, whose Japanese edition topped the bestseller list there for many years. He is Henry Ford II Professor of the Social Sciences, Emeritus, at Harvard University.
Jorge I. Domínguez is Antonio Medero Professor of Mexican and Latin American Politics and Economics at Harvard University.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Case for Political History Byung-Kook Kim 1
Part 1 Born in a Crisis
1 The May Sixteenth Military Coup Yong-Sup Han 35
2 Taming and Tamed by the United States Taehyun Kim Chang Jae Baik 58
3 State Building: The Military Junta's Path to Modernity through Administrative Reforms Hyung-A Kim 85
Part 2 Politics
4 Modernization Strategy: Ideas and Influences Chung-in Moon and Byung-joon Jun 115
5 The Labyrinth of Solitude: Park and the Exercise of Presidential Power Byung-Kook Kim 140
6 The Armed Forces Joo-Hong Kim 168
7 The Leviathan: Economic Bureaucracy under Park Byung-Kook Kim 200
8 The Origins of the Yushin Regime: Machiavelli Unveiled Hyug Baeg Im 233
Part 3 Economy and Society
9 The Chaebol Eun Mee Kim Gil-Sung Park 265
10 The Automobile Industry Nae-Young Lee 295
11 Pohang Iron & Steel Company Sang-young Rhyu Seok-jin Lew 322
12 The Countryside Young Jo Lee 345
13 The Chaeya Myung-Lim Park 373
Part 4 International Relations
14 The Vietnam War: South Korea's Search for National Security Min Yong Lee 403
15 Normalization of Relations with Japan: Toward a New Partnership Jung-Hoon Lee 430
16 The Security, Political, and Human Rights Conundrum, 1974-1979 Yong-Jick Kim 457
17 The Search for Deterrence: Park's Nuclear Option Sung Gul Hong 483
Part 5 Comparative Perspective
18 Nation Rebuilders: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Lee Kuan Yew Deng Xiaoping Park Chung Hee Ezra F. Vogel 513
19 Reflections on a Reverse Image: South Korea under Park Chung Hee and the Philippines under Ferdinand Marcos Paul D. Hutchcroft 542
20 The Perfect Dictatorship? South Korea versus Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico Jorge I. Domínguez 573
21 Industrial Policy in Key Developmental Sectors: South Korea versus Japan and Taiwan Gregory W. Noble 603
Conclusion: The Post-Park Era Byung-Kook Kim 629
List of Contributors 739
Index of Persons 741
What People are Saying About This
This remarkable book will establish itself as the most significant work on the Park period.
Stephan Haggard, Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University of California San Diego