The Oxford History of Life-Writing: Volume 1: The Middle Ages explores the richness and variety of life-writing from late Antiquity to the threshold of the Renaissance. During the Middle Ages, writers from Bede to Chaucer were thinking about life and experimenting with ways to translate lives, their own and others', into literature. Their subjects included career religious, saints, celebrities, visionaries, pilgrims, princes, philosophers, poets, and even a few 'ordinary people.' They relay life stories not only in chronological narratives, but also in debates, dialogues, visions, and letters. Many medieval biographers relied on the reader's trust in their authority, but some espoused standards of evidence that seem distinctly modern, drawing on reliable written sources, interviewing eyewitnesses, and cross-checking their facts wherever possible. Others still professed allegiance to evidence but nonetheless freely embellished and invented not only events and dialogue but the sources to support them.
The first book devoted to life-writing in medieval England, The Oxford History of Life-Writing: Volume 1: The Middle Ages covers major life stories in Old and Middle English, Latin, and French, along with such Continental classics as the letters of Abelard and Heloise and the autobiographical Vision of Christine de Pizan. In addition to the life stories of historical figures, it treats accounts of fictional heroes, from Beowulf to King Arthur to Queen Katherine of Alexandria, which show medieval authors experimenting with, adapting, and expanding the conventions of life writing. Though Medieval life writings can be challenging to read, we encounter in them the antecedents of many of our own diverse biographical forms-tabloid lives, literary lives, brief lives, revisionist lives; lives of political figures, memoirs, fictional lives, and psychologically-oriented accounts that register the inner lives of their subjects.
About the Author
Karen A. Winstead, Professor of English, The Ohio State University
Karen A. Winstead is a Professor of English at the Ohio State University. Her specialty is the literature and culture of late-medieval England, with a particular interest in gender and popular culture. She has published widely on saints' lives and on literature by, for, and about medieval women. Her monographs include John Capgrave's Fifteenth Century and Virgin Martyrs: Legends of Sainthood in Late Medieval England, and she is completing a study of saints' lives in fifteenth-century England. She has also translated and edited John Capgrave's Life of Saint Katherine and translated a selection of Middle English virgin martyr legends.
Table of Contents
1. Career Religious
2. Holy Women
3. Kings and a Marshal
4. Authors and Poets
5. Polemical Anthologies
6. Fictional Lives