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National Academies Press
The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future:: Summary of a Meeting

The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future:: Summary of a Meeting


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There is a growing sense of national urgency about the role of energy in long-term U.S. economic vitality, national security, and climate change. This urgency is the consequence of many factors, including the rising global demand for energy; the need for long-term security of energy supplies, especially oil; growing global concerns about carbon dioxide emissions; and many other factors affected to a great degree by government policies both here and abroad.

On March 13, 2008, the National Academies brought together many of the most knowledgeable and influential people working on energy issues today to discuss how we can meet the need for energy without irreparably damaging Earth's environment or compromising U.S. economic and national security-a complex problem that will require technological and social changes that have few parallels in human history.

The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future: Summary of a Meeting chronicles that 2-day summit and serves as a current and far-reaching foundation for examining energy policy. The summit is part of the ongoing project 'America's Energy Future: Technology Opportunities, Risks, and Tradeoffs,' which will produce a series of reports providing authoritative estimates and analysis of the current and future supply of and demand for energy; new and existing technologies to meet those demands; their associated impacts; and their projected costs. The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future: Summary of a Meeting is an essential base for anyone with an interest in strategic, tactical, and policy issues. Federal and state policy makers will find this book invaluable, as will industry leaders, investors, and others willing to convert concern into action to solve the energy problem.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780309124782
Publisher: National Academies Press
Publication date: 11/03/2008
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 180
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Part I The Current Context

1 A Growing Sense of Urgency 3

Increasing Demand and Constrained Supplies 4

Continued U.S. Reliance on Foreign Sources of Oil 7

Growing International Consequences 8

A Necessary Urgency? 10

2 The Challenge of Global Warming 11

Scenarios of Future Climate Change 12

Steps to Be Taken 15

The Relevant Time Scales 18

3 The Developing World-The Case of China 20

China's Energy Use in a Global Context 21

China's Contribution to Climate Change 22

Policy Initiatives in China 24

U.S. China Cooperation 26

Part II Energy Supplies

4 Petroleum and Natural Gas 31

The Hard Truths About Oil and Gas 32

Confronting the Hard Truths 38

5 Coal 39

Taking Carbon Capture and Sequestration to Scale 40

Moving Forward with Demonstration Projects 42

6 Nuclear Power 44

The Economics of Nuclear Power 44

Reprocessing 45

The Disposal of Spent Fuel 46

Fusion Energy 48

7 Biofuels 49

Ethanol Production in the United States and Brazil 49

Second-Generation Technologies 59

Land Use 56

8 Other Renewable Sources of Energy 59

Solar Power and Wind Power 59

Enhanced Geothermal Energy 60

Advanced Energy R&D 62

Part III Energy Uses

9 Transportation 65

Prospects for Improvement 65

Vehicle Technologies 66

Initiatives Under Way 71

Hydrogen as an Energy Source 72

10 Buildings and Industry 77

Conservation in California 78

Saving Money by Saving Energy 79

Transferring Technologies to the Developing World 80

Part IV Meeting the Challenge

11 Pathways to a Sustainable Future 85

Electricity Technology in a Carbon-Constrained Future 88

Reducing U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions 93

12 The Public Sector Response 103

ActionsTaken by the Bush Administration 106

Actions Taken by Congress 117

Cap and Trade Versus a Carbon Tax 124

13 The Role of the Private Sector-the Case of Google 128

Renewable Energy 129

Hybrid Electric Vehicles 131

14 Barriers and Potential 133

Reasons for Optimism 136

Contributions from Scientists and Engineers 137

Communicating with the Public 138

References 139


A America's Energy Future Project 143

B Speakers at the Summit 148

C Summit Agenda 157

D Units of Measure and Equivalences 161

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The National Academies Summit on America's Energy Future:: Summary of a Meeting 2 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
naveensreedevan More than 1 year ago
America's energy security? then what else? homeland security, border security, and finally the award winning political products (today it is nearly $trillion GDP) Climate change ! Climate change was coined by Al gore. So all I can say is 'we had it coming" 'he had it coming' -a song from the movie Chicago! He had it...... -for 'overdoing! we had it........... -'for being stubborn!' not cooperating with Satan (elite)! so use the law and fire the next missile -climate change. He had it coming... he had it coming.... Climate is not about global warming -it is the 'elite' yet again getting creative to fight 'nature' i.e. uprising. A threat to several centuries of their rule of the people by means of oppression, fake science, religion, occult, malpractice, witchcraft, suppression of truth, mind control -Else just imagine anyone can pursue their dreams if they play by the rules. Today no one knows the truth. it is all buried. Only can be guessed based on hindsight, instinct and analyiss of facts -inverting, symmetry, and looking for patterns! Truth: Solar system science is fake! hoax! my guess, we are actually like a fish inside an aquarium(earth) that is housed in a pyramid like structure. -a guess based on some reading of past astronomical studies made. so moon and sun and stars ar actually a sort of reflections! a kind of pyrotechnic or light works!! etc.. God only knows. He had it coming...This is to Al gore & team of Wallstreet hookers1 they ad it coming..