The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness

The Mirror of the World: Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness

by Christopher Peacocke

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Overview

Christopher Peacocke presents a philosophical theory of subjects of consciousness, together with a theory of the nature of first person representation of such a subject of consciousness. He develops a new treatment of subjects, distinct from previous theories, under which subjects were regarded either as constructs from mental events, or fundamentally embodied, or Cartesian egos. In contrast, his theory of the first person integrates with the positive treatment of subjects—and it contributes to the explanation of various distinctive first person phenomena in the theory of thought and knowledge. These are issues on which contributions have been made by some of the greatest philosophers, and Peacocke brings his points to bear on the contributions to these issues made by Hume, Kant, Frege, Wittgenstein, and Strawson. He also relates his position to the recent literature in the philosophy of mind, and then goes on to distinguish and characterize three varieties of self-consciousness. Perspectival self-consciousness involves the subject's capacity to appreciate that she is of the same kind as things given in a third personal way, and attributes the subject to a certain kind of objective thought about herself. Reflective self-consciousness involves awareness of the subject's own mental states, reached in a distinctive way. Interpersonal self-consciousness is awareness that one features, as a subject, in some other person's mental states. These varieties, and the relations and the forms of co-operation between them, are important in explaining features of our knowledge, our social relations, and our emotional lives. The theses of The Mirror of the World are of importance not only for philosophy, but also for psychology, the arts, and anywhere else that the self and self-representation loom large.

The Context and Content series is a forum for outstanding original research at the intersection of philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive science. The general editor is Francois Recanati (Institut Jean-Nicod, Paris).

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780198776826
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 06/01/2016
Series: Context & Content
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Christopher Peacocke worked in Oxford for many years, including twelve years as Waynflete Professor of Metaphysical Philosophy, before moving to New York in 2000. He taught for four years at New York University, and then moved uptown to Columbia University in 2004. He returns to England each summer to give a seminar and supervise graduates at University College London. In addition to his interests in metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of mind, he continues to be concerned with issues in the philosophy and perception of music. He is Fellow of the British Academy and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
II. Primitive Self-Representation
III. The Metaphysics of Conscious Subjects
IV. The First Person Concept and Its Nonconceptual Parent
V. Explaining First Person Phenomena
VI. Descartes Defended
VII. Paralogisms and First Person Illusions
VIII. Perspectival Self-Consciousness
IX. Reflective Self-Consciousness
X. Interpersonal Self-Consciousness
XI. Open Conclusion: The Place of Metaphysics
References
Index

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