The pilgrimage route to Compostela is graced with an exceptional witness from its early days: the Liber Sancti Jacobi or Book of Saint James. This book is found most famously in a twelfth-century manuscript from the library of the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, as well as in various other manuscripts. The text provides an encyclopedia on Saint James the Great and on the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, the traditional site of his burial in Galicia in northwestern Spain.
Of the five books included in the manuscript, Books 2 and 3, published here in English translation, deal directly with the cult surrounding Saint James. In twenty-two chapters, Book 2 recounts twenty-five of the miracles attributed to the saint after his death. These occurred across a wide geographic area between the years 1100 and 1135. Although these represent a limited period, it is a very important one in the development of the cult of Saint James and the establishment of his cult site at Compostela.
Book 3 gathers elements from a variety of sources and weaves them together into a prologue and four chapters describing the transfer of Saint James’s body to Santiago de Compostela from the Holy Land, where legend says he was beheaded by Herod.
Together these two books of the Liber Sancti Jacobi provide a comprehensive description of the power and importance of the saint, reflecting his significance and the significance of Santiago de Compostela as one of the three major Christian pilgrimage sites during the Middle Ages.
230 pages. Preface, introduction, notes, bibliography, index, and illustrations.
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About the Author
Maryjane Dunn is an associate professor of Spanish at Henderson State University, Arkansas. She has followed the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela both personally (first walking the Camino Francés in 1979) and professionally in her scholarly work, focusing on the realities of medieval pilgrimage as well as on its allegorical and literary depictions.
Table of Contents
About the Editors v
Saint James the Greater in the New Testament xxi
Saint James In Early Christian Writings xxiii
Saint James in Spain xxviii
Naming the Liber Sancti Jacobi xxxvii
The Codex Calixtinus and Salamanca MS 2631 xli
Twentieth-century Editions and Translations of the Liber Sancti Jacobi xlii
The Miracles of Saint James: Book II of the Liber Sancti Jacobi xliv
The Authors of the Miracles xlvii
Chronology and Dates of the Miracles xlix
Geographic and Regional Distribution of the Miracles liv
Aspects of Saint James in the Miracles liv
Feast Days and the Miracles lvii
The Translatio of Saint James: Book III of the Liber Sancti Jacobi lix
Notes on the Translation lxvii
The Miracles of Saint James 1
The Translatio of Saint James 69
1. Pseudo-Abdias: The “Passion of James” 97
2. Song on the Altars of the Twelve Apostles 106
3. O Word of God Revealed by the Mouth of the Father 107
4. Pasionario Hispánico: Saint James, Brother of John 110
5. Pasionario Hispánico: About Torquatus and His Companions 118
6. Agreement of Antealtares 122
7. History of Compostela: Discovery and Translatio 127
8. The “Veneranda dies”: How the Translatio of this Apostle Occurred 132
9. Feast Day of Saint Luparia 135