Between late 1863 and mid-1864, an armed band of Confederate deserters battled Confederate cavalry in the Piney Woods region of Jones County, Mississippi. Calling themselves the Knight Company after their captain, Newton Knight, they set up headquarters in the swamps of the Leaf River, where, legend has it, they declared the Free State of Jones.
The story of the Jones County rebellion is well known among Mississippians, and debate over whether the county actually seceded from the state during the war has smoldered for more than a century. Adding further controversy to the legend is the story of Newt Knight's interracial romance with his wartime accomplice, Rachel, a slave. From their relationship there developed a mixed-race community that endured long after the Civil War had ended, and the ambiguous racial identity of their descendants confounded the rules of segregated Mississippi well into the 20th century.
Victoria Bynum traces the origins and legacy of the Jones County uprising from the American Revolution to the modern civil rights movement. In bridging the gap between the legendary and the real Free State of Jones, she shows how the legend—what was told, what was embellished, and what was left out—reveals a great deal about the South's transition from slavery to segregation; the racial, gender, and class politics of the period; and the contingent nature of history and memory.
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
The book is informative, interesting and a good lesson in the American Experience, but it primarily discusses for the most part the early family tree history of the main character, Newt Knight, and the family's slow westward migration from the Carolinas. In my opinion, that has very little or nothing to do with 'The Free State of Jones,' the reasons behind its inhabitants' defiance of the Confedracy or Newt's personal decisions about interracial relations. One can only speculate that what saved him from the 'evil offense' of miscegenation was his white skin, as some of the black men descended from him must surely have later discovered.