The Biology of the Indian Ocean

The Biology of the Indian Ocean

by B. Zeitzschel (Editor)


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This volume contains the proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Kiel, Germany, from 31 March to 6 April, 1971. The Symposium was organized by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Marine Productivity section of the International Biological Programme (IBPIPM) with the assistance of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Association of Biological Oceanography (IABO). The aim of the Symposium was to summarize present knowledge of the biology of the Indian Ocean. Twenty-two presentations by invited speakers reviewed the research work carried out during the International Indian Ocean Expedition (lIOE) 1959 -1965, the first cooperative project coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). In addition, reports were presented of postexpedition examination of material and of more recent investigations relevant to the aims of the lIOE. In keeping with the aims of "Ecological Studies", the present volume contains much new information and some synthesis, all directed towards obtaining an understanding of the functioning and organization of the ecosystem of the Indian Ocean. The plan of the Symposium was to present the relevant meteorological, physical, chemical and geological background and to follow this with the various aspects of biological oceanography. Because of the uneven stage of development of the different disciplines, the papers included in this volume vary in their analytical level.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783540060048
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 07/10/1973
Series: Ecological Studies Series , #3
Pages: 555
Product dimensions: 0.00(w) x 0.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

1. The Environment.- 1.1. The Unique Situation in the Environment of the Indian Ocean..- 1.2. Recent Satellite Studies.- 1.3. Physical Oceanography of the Indian Ocean.- 1.4. Arabian Sea Upwelling.- 1.5. Light and Nutrients in the Indian Ocean.- 1.6. Biogenic Sedimentation of the Persian Gulf.- 2. Primary Production and Standing Stock of Phytoplankton and Bacteria.- 2.1. Primary Production in the Indian Ocean I.- 2.2. Primary Production in the Indian Ocean II.- 2.3. Phytoplankton Production in the Southeastern Indian Ocean.- 2.4. Productivity of Backwaters and Estuaries.- 2.5. General Features of Dinoflagellate Material Collected by the “Anton Bruun” during the International Indian Ocean Expedition.- 2.6. The Formation of the Chlorophyll Maximum in the Indian Ocean.- 2.7. Seasonal Variation of Phytoplankton Pigments and Some of the Associated Oceanographic Parameters in the Laccadive Sea off Cochin.- 2.8 Bacteriological Investigations in the Arabian Sea.- 3. Standing Stock and Distribution of Phytoplankton, Zooplankton and Particulate Matter in Selected Areas.- 3.1. Agulhas Bank Plankton.- 3.2. Plankton Relations of the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea.- 3.3. Microbiomass and Detritus in the Upper 50 m of the Arabian Sea along the Coast of Africa and India during the NE Monsoon 1964/65.- 3.4. Zooplankton Biomass and its Relation to Particulate Matter in the Upper 200 m of the Arabian Sea during the NE Monsoon.- 4. Standing Stock and Distribution of Zooplankton.- 4.1. Zooplankton Studies in the Indian Ocean.- 4.2. The Distribution and Abundance of Zooplankton along the Coast of Pakistan during Postmonsoon and Premonsoon Periods.- 4.3. Distribution of Hydromedusae in the Indian Ocean.- 4.4. Biogeographical Problems of the Red Sea Area Exemplified by Hydroids.- 4.5. Meroplanktonic Stages of Anthozoa in the Indian Ocean.- 4.6. Chaetognaths of the Arabian Sea.- 4.7. Chaetognaths from the Laccadives with the New Record of Spadella angulata (Tokioka, 1951).- 4.8. Cumacea of the Indian Ocean.- 4.9. Distribution of Copepoda in the Indian Ocean.- 4.10. Distribution of Gaussia (Copepoda, Metridiidae) in the Upper 200 m in the Indian Ocean.- 4.11. Relationship of Indian Ocean Epiplanktonic Calanoids to the World Oceans.- 4.12. Distribution and Abundance of Planktonic Amphipods in the Indian Ocean.- 4.13. The Distribution of Indian Ocean Euphausiids.- 4.14. Studies of Limacina inflata D’Orbigny (Thecosomata, Gastropoda) in the Indian Ocean.- 4.15. Distribution and Ecology of Pterotrachea coronate.- 4.16. Biogeographical Change in the Latitudinal Boundary of a Bisubtropical Pteropod Styliola subula (Quoy et Gaimard) in the Indian Ocean.- 4.17. Species of the Genus Parasmittina Osburn (Bryozoa, Ascophora) from Indian Waters.- 4.18. Species of the Sub-Order Ctenostomata (Bryozoa) from Indian Waters.- 4.19. Appendicularia from the Indian Ocean, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.- 5. The Distribution and Ecology of Fish Larvae, Fish and Benthic Organisms.- 5.1. Kinds and Abundance of Fish Larvae in the Arabian Sea and the Persian Gulf.- 5.2. Tuna Fisheries and their Resources in the Indian Ocean.- 5.3. Zoogeography of the Fishes of the Indian Ocean.- 5.4. Fish Ecology of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf.- 5.5. Some Patterns of the Distribution of Bottom Fauna in the Indian Ocean.- 6. Transfer of Organic Matter in Different Trophic Levels.- 6.1. Production in the Indian Ocean and the Transfer from the Primary to the Secondary Level.- 6.2. Seasonal Studies of a Pelagic Ecosystem (Meridian 110°E).- References.

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