The Adult Student's Guide to Survival and Success

The Adult Student's Guide to Survival and Success

by Al Siebert, Mary Karr

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Whether enrolling in college for the first time or returning after an extended absence, this motivational guide provides adult students with a wealth of practical guidance. This thorough handbook explores not only how to succeed academically while balancing family, work, and other important responsibilities, but also addresses how students can learn to confront their fears, increase their self-confidence and resiliency, and create support groups. Containing essential information on financing education through loans, grants, and scholarships as well as practical tips for managing time, preparing for tests, taking effective notes, and using internet resources, this one-stop reference also includes action review checklists.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780944227381
Publisher: Practical Psychology Press
Publication date: 07/28/2008
Edition description: Sixth Edition, Sixth edition
Pages: 176
Sales rank: 816,144
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Al Siebert, PhD, is the author of award-winning The Resiliency Advantage and The Survivor Personality and the coauthor of Student Success: How to Succeed in College and Still Have Time for Your Friends. He has taught adult education classes and management psychology for more than 30 years at Portland State University. He lives in Portland, Oregon. Mary Karr, MS, formerly taught communications at Portland State University and was an adjunct professor at Marylhurst University who created and taught the first online credit course on listening in the nation. She lives in Fairview, Oregon.

Read an Excerpt

The Adult Student's Guide to Survival & Success

By Al Siebert

Practical Psychology Press

Copyright © 2008 Practical Psychology Press
All rights reserved.
ISBN: 978-0-944227-41-1


Lots of Help Is Available

Did you know that over half of college students work while going to school?

How many services does your college provide to help you succeed?

Did you know that the abilities you use to succeed in college are the same abilities that employers look for?

What, in addition to a résumé and good grades, do employers look for?

Yes, You Can Succeed!

Your decision to go to college and then doing what it took to get registered means that you have a very good chance of completing your college program. Psychologists know this even though you may have some fears and doubts. The truth of this prediction can be found in your answers to the questions below.

Answer "yes" or "no" to these five questions:

Yes No During your elementary years in school were some of your classmates praised for being very bright?

Yes No When you were going to high school did you have to work hard to get passing grades?

Yes No When life hits you with difficult challenges do you feel optimistic about finding ways to overcome them?

Yes No Before you begin something difficult, do you think about what problems and barriers you might encounter and think of ways to avoid or overcome them?

Yes No When trying to cope with a difficulty, do you seek guidance from experienced people and experts about how to handle it well?

If you answered "yes" to most of the questions above, then the possibility that you will successfully complete your college program is very good. Here's why:

Research by psychologist Carol Dweck shows that many students who were praised for being very bright during their early years in school do not go on to achieve much career success. Because their early identity was to be one of the best and brightest, many of them become reluctant to take on new challenges or try new learning where they might not do well at first.

Dweck's research shows that students who were praised for getting passing grades by being persistent and sticking with difficult assignments often achieve more career success than their brighter classmates.

An accidental conversation during an airplane flight led psychologist Martin Seligman to conduct research about the importance of optimism in newly hired life-insurance sales agents. The insurance executive he talked with on the plane said that newly hired agents had to obtain high scores on the technical aspects of insurance, but many of them dropped out of the business after a year or two — which was an expensive business cost.

Seligman, famous for his research on "learned optimism" with depressed mental patients, set up an experiment. The results showed that if optimistic expectations were high in newly hired insurance agents, they had much more career success than new agents who had higher technical mastery but lower optimism scores.

David McClelland, a well-known Harvard psychologist, spent years trying to answer this question: "Why do some people achieve more career success than others?" His research — done with thousands of people in many countries — identified four factors. Successful people:

1. Daydream about what it will feel like to reach a goal that is meaningful for them.

2. They feel it is possible for them to reach the goal with good effort.

3. They spend time listing and anticipating how they will handle difficulties and problems that they may encounter.

4. They seek out experienced people and expert resources for guidance on how to succeed.

These research findings mean that you can succeed in college if you are willing to be persistent and work hard to obtain a passing grade in a course, feel optimistic about the results of your efforts, will take time to anticipate and deal with possible difficulties, and take advantage of all the expert resources available to you.

How The Adult Student's Guide Will Help You Reach Your Educational Goals

Every chapter in this book contains valuable information about how to succeed in college after you have been away from school for a while. It will show you how to succeed even if you have a family, work, have many responsibilities, and need time to spend with friends.

Most adult students take college courses to improve their job skills or career opportunities. The Adult Student's Guide contains many useful suggestions on how to be highly desirable to employers. (Translation: hired quickly and paid well.) Getting a diploma or a degree is not enough, however, in today's world. Employers in today's world of non-stop change are looking for people with college degrees who can prove that they:

* can work well in teams

* are self-motivated to keep learning new skills

* have good communications skills

* don't have negative attitudes

* are dependable

* have good computer skills

* can work without a detailed job description

* do not need constant supervision

* provide excellent customer service

* use common sense to solve problems

* hold up well under pressure

* are resilient and handle change well

* do high-quality work

To help you develop abilities that will give you an advantage in the competition for a better job and help you reach higher levels of success on the job, we have included many suggestions on how to develop and document the abilities listed above. You will find, for example, guidelines on how to work in "learning teams," tips on how to improve communications skills, coaching on how to be highly resilient, and guidelines on how to develop a portfolio of accomplishments.

The Adult Student Online

If you are going to be employable in this age of technology, computer and internet skills are essential. The Adult Student's Guide gives you many opportunities to go online to practice and develop your internet skills.

The Adult Student's Guide was the first "student success" book designed to be interactive with its own website. Almost every chapter has additional information and updated resources at our website. You can access this site at Throughout the book whenever you see the symbol [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] you will find a file or resource at the website.

Chapter Contents

The first half of the book covers academic challenges. It shows how you, as an adult student, can handle the challenges successfully. The second half covers non-academic challenges that can prevent you from succeeding in college and in your career if you do not handle them well.

Chapter 2 shows how to confront and overcome many fears and concerns of adult students. It answers most of the questions that adult students ask. (If your question isn't answered in the book, ask us at the Adult Student website!)

Chapter 3 shows how to make certain you are in the right educational program, get financing, and get oriented. Did you know that financial aid is available for adult students? Even part-time students? Chapter 3 (and the website) has information on how to finance your education.

Chapter 4 explains how to succeed in your courses. It shows how to find out what is required in each course, how to organize your notebooks, and how to take lecture notes.

Chapter 5 provides you with guidelines to online classes that are now being offered by most colleges. You will also learn how online classes differ from face-to-face classes.

Chapter 6 shows how to manage your time and how to study using an effective study method. Here you will learn how to reach a study goal, stop studying, and reward yourself. Self-motivated people must learn how to be self-stoppers!

Nervous about taking tests? Chapter 7 shows how to prepare for all kinds of tests, so that you feel confident, less nervous, and score higher than you suspected you could. It also covers the type of critical thinking that earns high grades.

Term papers are always a challenge. In Chapter 8 you will find efficient and effective ways to research and write papers that get top grades.

Chapter 9 shows how your way of learning may create conflicts between you and some instructors. It shows what to do about these mismatches and how to influence all kinds of instructors.

In Chapter 10 you will find many practical tips on how to gain cooperation, support, and encouragement from your family, friends, and employers.

Most adult students work. Chapter 11 shows how to combine working with taking college courses. Many employers offer special work schedules and reimbursement for courses completed. If you need to find a job to support yourself, or searching for a new career, we have many good suggestions at the Adult Student website.

Feeling pressured to get more work done in less time? Chapter 12 explains effective ways to handle pressure, reduce stress, and develop inner strengths.

Could you succeed in a job that does not have a job description? Chapter 13 shows how to be resilient in this world of non-stop change, bounce back from setbacks and gain strength from adversity.

At the end of most chapters you will find:

* An Action Review Checklist for reviewing how well you are putting into action what the chapter covered.

* Learning Team and Support Group Activities that will enhance your learning.

Create a Personal Support Group

Research into understanding why some people handle stress and difficult challenges better than others shows that the people who cope best have good support groups. Your college may provide a seminar for new students. These seminars increase your chances of succeeding in college.

If you can't fit a college success seminar into your schedule, we still want to encourage you to create your own support group or find a study partner. You'll be less lonely, develop good friendships, help each other through tough moments, and increase your chances of succeeding in college. You will find guidelines for creating a support group in Chapter 2.

Your Accomplishments Portfolio

You probably know that artists, models, and photographers have portfolios to show their work. Nowadays, because employers are overwhelmed by job applications, the applicants with the best chance of getting interviewed, in addition to a résumé, submit a one page summary outlining what they have documented in their portfolio of accomplishments.

Employment interviewers need your help! They appreciate and are impressed when someone has empathy for them. A one page summary of what is in your portfolio gets their attention.

Today's employers are looking for abilities not usually covered by traditional application forms and résumés. Throughout the book you will find activities you can use to help you document your ability to:

* be a team member in a culturally diverse group,

* communicate well,

* problem-solve difficult challenges,

* use critical thinking skills and good judgment,

* research ideas,

* use computers and software programs,

* do consistently excellent work,

* function well in constant change,

* hold up under pressure keeping a good attitude,

* reach your goals, and

* are self-motivated to continuously develop new skills.

Many colleges provide their students with a portfolios website. With this arrangement, a potential employer can go online to examine accomplishments that you have documented at your college website.

To provide you with valuable guidelines we enlisted the help of Barbara Ritter, one of the pioneers in developing student portfolios. The steps she describes for creating an excellent portfolio would take too much space here, so we have placed her guidelines on how to create an accomplishments portfolio at our website.

[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Look for the file "Your Accomplishments Portfolio" at

You are Special as a Student

Have you noticed that when you tell people about going to college they treat you differently? When Mary Karr started college she noticed an immediate change in how people treated her. She says:

Before I started college, when my husband and I went to a party or social gathering, people would ask what I did. When I told them I was a housewife raising four children they'd say, "Oh," and start talking to someone else. On a scale from 1 to 100, I felt like I rated about a 3. After I enrolled, when people found out I was a college student, they'd say, "Oh!" I got treated like I had something important to say. My rating soared to the high nineties. The difference was fantastic! ~MK

Another student reported that he needed to change his working hours by half an hour to make a night class. He hesitated about approaching his supervisor, but finally spoke up. He asked for what he needed and explained why. His supervisor approved the change and from that day on his supervisor took a more personal interest in him and asked frequently about how school was going. Being a student can have some unexpected dividends!

The World Wants You to Succeed!

Going to college is an exciting challenge. It will take hard work and some sacrifices but the benefits are worth the effort. The main point to understand is that you are not alone. There are many people and many resources available to you. The world wants you to succeed in your effort to better yourself!


Fears and Concerns: How to Confront and Overcome Them

Have you wondered if some of your fears about going to college are unrealistic?

Did you know that instructors enjoy teaching adult students? That adult students often get high grades?

In what ways do your life experiences give you an advantage in college?

What one activity will increase your chances of succeeding in college?

Facing Your Fears Takes Courage

In this book we will show you how thousands of people just like you found the courage to overcome their fears and succeed in college. We will show you how to develop the skills you need to increase your confidence. We will show you how to locate and use resources you never knew existed.

You may doubt your ability to succeed in college if you have not studied or taken tests for a long time, or if you have to work or have other responsibilities. It is possible, however, to be a successful college student and still handle other commitments.

You have overcome fears in the past by facing up to them and seeking information. You can do the same now. Before reading farther, take a minute to indicate how strong or weak your fear is about the following.

Strong — 5 Moderately strong — 4 Medium — 3 Mild — 2 Weak — 1

1. __ I won't be able to learn quickly, my brain is rusty.

2. __ I don't think I can do college level math.

3. __ The thought of taking tests in college worries me.

4. __ I won't be able to compete with younger students.

5. __ I won't be able to study well.

6. __ I don't have a computer or internet access.

7. __ I don't know how to use computers like the kids do.

8. __ Instructors might dislike older students.

9. __ I won't fit in.

10. __ I can't afford college.

11. __ I can't work and study and raise a family.

12. __ My family will feel neglected.

13. __ People in my life will try to sabotage my efforts.

14. __ Going part-time will take me too long.

Common Fears and Concerns of Adult Students

If your total score from the above list is over 45 you definitely need to look through the following list of fears and concerns. They are typically felt and experienced by most adult students starting college. And like many fears you have experienced in your life, many of these fears are not realistic either.

I haven't studied in years. I'm out of practice. My brain feels rusty.

Reality: There is no evidence that older students can't learn or remember as well as younger students. This book will show you how to take notes, remember information from lectures and texts, and pass tests as well as any younger student.

I'm not sure I can read, write, or do math well enough to succeed in my college courses.

Reality: The college will give you a free assessment of your skill levels to advise you what courses are best suited for you. If you need brush-up courses, they are available.

[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] For more information see the section on Learning Disabilities at our website:

I'm worried about taking tests. Is there a way to reduce my nervousness without taking a tranquilizer?

Reality: Test anxiety is reduced in students who follow the guidelines in the chapters ahead. And remember, there is plenty of extra help available to show you how to reduce your anxieties about taking tests. College counseling and study skills centers provide help for students who need to learn techniques of test taking. Ask around.

I'll feel like a misfit, like an outsider in a strange world. I won't fit in.

Reality: The number of adult students on campus has grown in the last decades. Students over the age of 25 make up approximately 39% of total student population across the nation as opposed to 28% in 1970, and the numbers continue to rise. The traditional student, fresh from high school, dependent on family for financial support, and holding no more than a part-time job accounts for only 27% of college enrollees. Truth is, the faculty, administrators, and students will be more friendly and helpful than you might imagine. Many younger students enjoy having older friends from whom they can learn and exchange views and experiences. Making cross-generational friends can be one of the most rewarding parts of your educational experience. Besides, remind yourself that your tax dollars may have helped build the place. You have a right to be there.


Excerpted from The Adult Student's Guide to Survival & Success by Al Siebert. Copyright © 2008 Practical Psychology Press. Excerpted by permission of Practical Psychology Press.
All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
Excerpts are provided by Dial-A-Book Inc. solely for the personal use of visitors to this web site.

Table of Contents

Lots of Help is Available     1
Fears and Concerns: How to Confront and Overcome Them     9
How to Choose Your Program, Get Financial Help, and Become Oriented     19
Actions That Lead to Success in College     33
Online Learning     41
The Best Way to Study     48
How to Get High Grades on Tests     65
How to Write Excellent Papers     81
Learning Styles and Teaching Styles: How to Influence Instructors     91
How to Gain Support and Encouragement from Your Family     103
How to Balance Going to College with Working     113
How to Handle Pressure Well     119
Resiliency in a World of Non-Stop Change     128
Resources and Selected Reading     144
Online Resources     149
Index     154

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The Adult Student's Guide to Survival and Success 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I am a career counselor for adults, and refer this book to every adult who is returning to school. It has excellent pointers for success in school, and is easy to read.
Guest More than 1 year ago
Who could know that one book could contain so much information? This book is as important to the Adult Returning Student as any textbook available
Anonymous More than 1 year ago