Tehran Children: A Holocaust Refugee Odyssey

Tehran Children: A Holocaust Refugee Odyssey

by Mikhal Dekel


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A Finalist for the 2020 Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature, the National Jewish Book Award for Writing Based on Archival Material, and the Chautauqua Prize

Fleeing East from Nazi terror, over a million Polish Jews traversed the Soviet Union, many finding refuge in Muslim lands. Their story—the extraordinary saga of two-thirds of Polish Jewish survivors—has never been fully told.

Author Mikhal Dekel’s father, Hannan Teitel, and her aunt Regina were two of these refugees. After they fled the town in eastern Poland where their family had been successful brewers for centuries, they endured extreme suffering in the Soviet forced labor camps known as “special settlements.” Then came a journey during which tens of thousands died of starvation and disease en route to the Soviet Central Asian Republics of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. While American organizations negotiated to deliver aid to the hundreds of thousands of Polish Jews who remained there, Dekel’s father and aunt were two of nearly one thousand refugee children who were evacuated to Iran, where they were embraced by an ancient Persian-Jewish community. Months later, their Zionist caregivers escorted them via India to Mandatory Palestine, where, at the endpoint of their thirteen-thousand-mile journey, they joined hundreds of thousands of refugees (including over one hundred thousand Polish Catholics). The arrival of the “Tehran Children” was far from straightforward, as religious and secular parties vied over their futures in what would soon be Israel.

Beginning with the death of the inscrutable Tehran Child who was her father, Dekel fuses memoir with extensive archival research to recover this astonishing story, with the help of travel companions and interlocutors including an Iranian colleague, a Polish PiS politician, a Russian oligarch, and an Uzbek descendent of Korean deportees. The history she uncovers is one of the worst and the best of humanity. The experiences her father and aunt endured, along with so many others, ultimately reshaped and redefined their lives and identities and those of other refugees and rescuers, profoundly and permanently, during and after the war.

With literary grace, Tehran Children presents a unique narrative of the Holocaust, whose focus is not the concentration camp, but the refugee, and whose center is not Europe, but Central Asia and the Middle East.

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781324001034
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
Publication date: 10/01/2019
Pages: 384
Sales rank: 452,621
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Mikhal Dekel is professor of English at City College of New York and the CUNY Graduate Center. She is the author of Tehran Children; The Universal Jew: Masculinity, Modernity, and the Zionist Moment; and Oedipus in Kishinev.

Suzanne Toren is an actor who has appeared on and off Broadway, in regional theaters, and occasionally on TV. Over a period of several decades, she has narrated close to 1000 audiobooks for most major publishers. She has received multiple Audie nominations and many industry awards, including Narrator of the Year.

Table of Contents

Introduction: New York City, 2007 1

1 "Each of us feels as if he is Born Again": Iran, August 1942 12

2 "A Liberal Family": Ostrów Mazowiecha, Poland, 1939 34

3 Border Crossing: From Hitler to Stalin 53

4 Ukazniks: Laborers in Arkhangelsk and Komi, USSR 74

5 "I am a Jew"; "I Am an Uzbek" 113

6 A Polish Nation in Exile, Jewish Relief Efforts: London, New York, and the USSR 172

7 Samarqand: City of Refugees 211

8 Polish and Jewish Nation Building in Tehran 237

9 Hebrew Children: Kibbutz Ein Harod 307

Acknowledgments 357

Archives 361

Notes 363

Bibliography 385

Illustration Credits 393

Index 395

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