Sydney in 1848

Sydney in 1848

by Joseph Fowles

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Sydney, the capital of New South Wales and Metropolis of Australasia, is
situated on the southern shore of Port Jackson, at the distance of seven
miles from the Pacific Ocean, in lat. 33° 55' S. and long. 151° 25' E. It
is built at the head of the far-famed "Cove;" and, with Darling Harbour
as its general boundary to the west, extends, in an unbroken succession
of houses, for more than two miles in a southerly direction. As a
maritime city its site is unrivalled, possessing at least three miles of
water frontage, at any part of which vessels of the heaviest burden can
safely approach the wharves. The stratum on which it stands is chiefly
sandstone; and, as it enjoys a considerable elevation, it is remarkably
healthy and dry. The principal thoroughfares run north and south,
parallel to Darling Harbour, and are crossed at right angles by shorter
streets. This, at first, gives the place an air of unpleasing sameness
and formality, to those accustomed to the winding and romantic streets of
an ancient English town; but the eye soon becomes reconciled to the
change, and you cease to regret the absence of what is in so many
respects undesirable.

Sydney occupies a space of more than two thousand acres; but from this
must be deducted fifty-six acres, reserved for recreation and exercise,
and known as Hyde Park or the Race Course. By the Census taken in 1846,
the number of houses in the city was seven thousand one hundred; there
are now, at least, two hundred more. But, independently of the city
itself, the suburbs have, during the last few years, steadily increased
{page 6} in size and importance. To the eastward is Wooloomooloo; to the
southeast, Paddington and Surry Hills; to the south, Redfern and
Chippendale; to the south-west, Camperdown, Newtown, and the Glebe; to
the west (across Darling Harbour), Balmain; and, to the north, the
township of St. Leonard's. All these, except the two last, are more or
less connected by streets with the parent city; and, in 1846, contained
one thousand seven hundred and fifteen houses: they now probably number
two thousand.

Sydney is divided into four Parishes--St. Philip's, St. James', St.
Andrew's, and St. Lawrence's; and was, in 1842, incorporated by Act of,
Council, and municipally divided into six Wards: viz. Gipps Ward, Bourke
Ward, Brisbane Ward, Macquarie Ward, Cook Ward, and Phillip Ward. Each of
these divisions is represented by four Councilmen and an Alderman, of
whom one retires annually by rotation. The Mayor is chosen from their own
number, by the Aldermen and Council.

The Population of the city, in 1846, was 38,358; and, adding the average
annual increase, taken from the five years previous to that year, must
now be 41,712. The suburbs also, in 1846, returned as 6832, from their
very rapid extension may be safely stated at 7500--making a total of

The Public Institutions are numerous and flourishing; but as we purpose
to describe them at length, as opportunity offers in the course of this
Work, we shall content ourselves with briefly enumerating them in the
present chapter. There are four Banks of Issue--the Bank of New South
Wales, and the Commercial Bank, both _Colonial_; and the Union Bank
of Australia, and the Bank of Australasia, _Anglo-Australian_.
Besides these, there are--the Savings' Bank, the Royal Bank of Australia,
the British Colonial Bank and Trust Company, the Scottish Australian
Investment Company, the Bank of Australia, and the Loan Company. We have
also an Australian Gas Light Company, an Australian Sugar Company, a
Sydney Fire Insurance Company, and a Sydney Marine Insurance Company.
{Page 7} The Literary and Scientific Institutions are--the Australian
Subscription Library, the Mechanics' School of Arts, the Australian
Museum, the Society for the Promotion of the Fine Arts, and the Floral
and Horticultural Society. In connexion with the last-named Institution,
it may not be irrelavent to allude to the Botanical Gardens, which are
subject to the management of the Government, and are kept up at the
public expense. Besides these, there are numerous Lodges of Free Masons
and Odd Fellows, and several Religious, Social, and Benefit Societies.

Education, though not regarded with all the attention it demands, is
nevertheless not wholly neglected; for we have, in Sydney, a very fair
proportion of well frequented Academies, although the majority are of a
private nature.

Product Details

BN ID: 2940013684379
Publisher: WDS Publishing
Publication date: 01/22/2012
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 93 KB

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