Survival in the 'Dumping Grounds': A Social History of Apartheid Relocation

Survival in the 'Dumping Grounds': A Social History of Apartheid Relocation

by Laura Evans

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Overview

Survival in the 'Dumping Grounds' examines a defining aspect of South Africa's recent past: the history of apartheid-era relocation. While scholars and activists have long recognised the suffering caused by apartheid removals to the so-called 'homelands', the experiences of those who lived through this process have been more often obscured.

Drawing on extensive archival and oral history research, this book examines the makings and the multiple meanings of relocation into two of the most notorious apartheid 'dumping grounds' established in the Ciskei bantustan during the mid-1960s: Sada and Ilinge. Evans examines the local and global dynamics of the project of bantustan relocation and develops a multi-layered analysis of the complex histories - and ramifications- of displacement and resettlement in the Ciskei.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004388277
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 05/29/2019
Series: African History Series , #8
Pages: 302
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.00(d)

About the Author

Laura Evans (PhD, University of Sheffield, 2011) is a Senior Lecturer in History at Sheffield Hallam University and Research Associate of the International Studies Group, University of the Free State. She teaches modern South African, colonial and postcolonial history and has published articles on various aspects of the history of apartheid and the bantustan scheme.

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgements

List of Illustrations and Tables

List of Abbreviations

Introduction: Rethinking Relocation in Apartheid South Africa

Part 1: Regimes of Relocation

1Apartheid, the Bantustans and the End of Empire

 1Peace, Population and Colonial Development, c.1920–1945

 2The ‘late colonial’ Apartheid State

 3Cold War in Southern Africa: Villagisation and Counter-insurgency

2Regimes of Relocation in the Ciskei

 1The Cape as Apartheid Test Case

 2The Relocation Regime

 3Villagisation and Repression

 4Decolonisation, Repatriation and Resettlement

 5The Expansion of Sada and Ilinge

 6White Farmers and Relocation

Part 2: Repertoires of Relocation

3Dislocation and Disrupted Livelihoods: Removals, Evictions and Banishments

 1The Coercive Relocation Regime

 2The Biopolitics of Neglect

 3Displacement and Marginal Livelihoods

 4Farm Evictions: Enclosure and Dispossession

 5Urban Removals: Dislocation and Deprivation

 6Political Banishment: Surveillance and Isolation

 7‘We were starving. And we survived’: Gender, Domesticity and Displacement

4Farm Dwellers and Relocation: Gender, Generation and Agrarian Change

 1Farm Labour and Agrarian Change

 2Gender, Generation and Changing Men

 3Changing Livelihoods and the Transformation of Aspirations

 4Migration, Male Breadwinners and Masculinity

 5Gender, Autonomy and Impoverishment: The Paradoxical Impacts of Relocation

Part 3

Place, Space and Power

5‘We Came from Different Places’: Displacement and Place-Making

 1Forced Removals and ‘communities of memory’

 2The Emergence of Underground Networks in Sada and Ilinge

 3Churches, Spirituality and Sociability

 4Poverty, Survival and Reciprocity

6Relocation and the State: Relations of Rule

 1Territoriality and the Gendered Disciplinary Project of the BAD, c. 1963–71

 2Ethnic Politics, Clientelism and Coercion under Ciskei, c.1971–80

 Conclusion

Bibliography

Index


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