The volume begins with a profile of the Lady of Cofitachequi, who sat at the head of an Indian chiefdom and led her people in encounters with Spanish explorers. The essays that follow look at well-known women such as Eliza Lucas Pinckney, who managed several indigo plantations; the abolitionist Angelina Grimke; and Civil War diarist Mary Boykin Chesnut. Also included, however, are essays on the much-less-documented lives of poor white farming women (the Neves family of Mush Creek), free African American women (Margaret Bettingall and her daughters), and slave women, the latter based on interviews and their own letters. The essays in volume 1 demonstrate that many women in this most conservative of states, with its strong emphasis on traditional gender roles, carved out far richer public lives than historians have often attributed to antebellum southern women.
Historical figures included:The Lady of CofitachequiJudith Giton ManigaultMary FisherSophia HumeMary-Anne SchadMrs. BrownRebecca Brewton MotteEliza Lucas PinckneyHarriott Pinckney HorryEnslaved woman known as DollyEnslaved woman known as LaviniaEnslaved woman known as MariaEnslaved woman known as SusanWomen of the Bettingall-Tunno FamilyAngelina GrimkéElizabeth Allston PringleMother Mary Baptista AloysiusMary Boykin ChesnutFrances NevesLucy Holcombe Pickens
About the Author
JOAN MARIE JOHNSON is a lecturer in women’s history and southern history at Northeastern Illinois University. She is the cofounder and codirector of the Newberry Seminar on Women and Gender at the Newberry Library in Chicago and is the author of Southern Ladies, New Women.
Marjorie Julian Spruill (Editor)
MARJORIE JULIAN SPRUILL is a professor of history at the University of South Carolina.
Valinda W. Littlefield (Editor)
VALINDA W. LITTLEFIELD is an assistant professor of history at the University of South Carolina.
Table of Contents
Marjorie Julian Spruill, Valinda W. Littlefield, and Joan Marie Johnson
Laura Towne and Ellen Murray
Northern Expatriates and the Foundations of Black Education in South Carolina, 1862– 1908 12
Ronald E. Butchart
Martha Fell Schofield and Elizabeth Evelyn Wright
Women Founders of South Carolina African American Schools 31
Larry D. Watson
The Rollin Sisters
Black Women in Reconstruction South Carolina 50
Willard B. Gatewood Jr.
Sarah Morgan Dawson
A New Southern Woman in Postwar Charleston 68
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union and Reconciliation after the Civil War 87
Joan Marie Johnson
Louisa B. Poppenheim and Marion B. Wilkinson
The Parallel Lives of Black and White Clubwomen 105
Joan Marie Johnson
Lucy Dugas Tillman
Child Custody, Motherhood, and the Power of a Populist Demagogue 128
Michele Grigsby Coffey
Eulalie Salley and Emma Dunovant
A Complementary Pair of Suffragists 144
James O. Farmer Jr.
A South Carolina Advocate for Equal Rights 166
Amy Thompson McCandless
Irene Goldsmith Kohn
An Assimilated “New South” Daughter and Jewish Women’s Activism in Early Twentieth- Century South Carolina 190
Belinda Friedman Gergel
Susan Pringle Frost
Historic Preservation in Charleston and Gendered Identity in the Emerging New South 215
Stephanie E. Yuhl
Literary Interpreter of the Modern South 234
Barbara L. Bellows
Alice Ravenel Huger Smith and Elizabeth O’Neill Verner 249
Champions of the Charleston Renaissance
Martha R. Severens
Health Care Activism of a Black Woman Physician 266
Darlene Clark Hine
Notes on Contributors 293