About the Author
Nishitani Keiji was for many years Professor of Religious Philosophy at Kyoto University, and since his retirement has been Professor Emeritus at Otani Buddhist University in Kyoto. Graham Parkes is Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Hawaii at Manoa. He is the editor of Heidegger and Asian Thought and Nietzsche and Asian Thought. Setsuko Aihara teaches Japanese at the University of Hawaii at Manoa and is the author of Reading Japanese: Strategies for Decoding Japanese Sentence Structure.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments
Notes on Texts
Preface to the First Edition
Nihilism as Existence
1. Two Problems
2. Nihilism and the Philosophy of History
3. European Nihilism
From Realism to Nihilism: Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Feuerbach
1. Hegel's Absolute Idealism and Radical Realism
2. SchopenhauerWill as RealThe Nullity of Existence
3. KierkegaardBecoming and Existence
4. FeuerbachCritique of Religion, Philosophy, and Ethics
Friedrich Nietzsche: The First Consummate Nihilist
1. The Significance of Nihilism in Nietzsche
2. Radical Nihilism
3. Nietzsche's Interpretation of Christianity
4. The Concept of "Sincerity""Will to Illusion"
Nietzsche's Affirmative Nihilism: Amor Fati and Eternal Recurrence
1. Value-Interpretation and Perspectivism
2. The Problem of Amor Fati
3. Love of Fate as "Innermost Nature"SufferingSoul
4. The Idea of Eternal Recurrence: The "Moment" and Eternity
5. Eternal Recurrence and Overcoming the Spirit of Gravity
6. Love of Fate and Eternal Recurrence
7. The Self-Overcoming of Nihilism
Nihilism and Existence in Nietzsche
1. "God is Dead"
2. Critique of Religion
3. The Stages of Nihilism
4. Nihilism as Existence
5. The First Stage of Existence
6. The Second Stage of Existence
7. Nihilism as Scientific Conscience
8. Science and History as Existence
9. "Living Dangerously" and "Experimentation"
10. The Third StageExistence as Body
11. The Dialectical Development of Nihilism
Nihilism as Egoism: Max Stirner
1. Stirner's Context
2. The Meaning of Egoism
3. Realist, Idealist, Egoist"Creative Nothing"
4. From Paganism to Christianity
5. From Christianity to Liberalism
6. From Liberalism to Egoism
7. Ownness and PropertyAll and Nothing
8. The State and the Individual
Nihilism in Russia
1. Russian Nihilism
2. Bazarov's Nihilism"Fathers and Sons"
3. Nihilism as Contemplation"Notes from Underground"
Nihilism as Philosophy: Martin Heidegger
1. Existentialism as a Discipline
2. The "Ontological Difference"
3. Transcendence and Being-in-the-World
4. Being-toward-Death and Anxiety
The Meaning of Nihilism for Japan
1. The Crisis in Europe and Nihilism
2. The Crisis Compounded
3. The Significance of European Nihilism for Us
4. Buddhism and Nihilism
Appendix The Problem of Atheism
1. Marxist Humanism
2. Sartrean Existentialism
3. Atheism in the World of Today