Science under Fire: Challenges to Scientific Authority in Modern America

Science under Fire: Challenges to Scientific Authority in Modern America

by Andrew Jewett

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Overview

Americans have long been suspicious of experts and elites. This new history explains why so many have believed that science has the power to corrupt American culture.

Americans today are often skeptical of scientific authority. Many conservatives dismiss climate change and Darwinism as liberal fictions, arguing that “tenured radicals” have coopted the sciences and other disciplines. Some progressives, especially in the universities, worry that science’s celebration of objectivity and neutrality masks its attachment to Eurocentric and patriarchal values. As we grapple with the implications of climate change and revolutions in fields from biotechnology to robotics to computing, it is crucial to understand how scientific authority functions—and where it has run up against political and cultural barriers.

Science under Fire reconstructs a century of battles over the cultural implications of science in the United States. Andrew Jewett reveals a persistent current of criticism which maintains that scientists have injected faulty social philosophies into the nation’s bloodstream under the cover of neutrality. This charge of corruption has taken many forms and appeared among critics with a wide range of social, political, and theological views, but common to all is the argument that an ideologically compromised science has produced an array of social ills. Jewett shows that this suspicion of science has been a major force in American politics and culture by tracking its development, varied expressions, and potent consequences since the 1920s.

Looking at today’s battles over science, Jewett argues that citizens and leaders must steer a course between, on the one hand, the naïve image of science as a pristine, value-neutral form of knowledge, and, on the other, the assumption that scientists’ claims are merely ideologies masquerading as truths.



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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780674987913
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Publication date: 12/08/2020
Pages: 368
Sales rank: 553,436
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

About the Author

Andrew Jewett is the author of Science, Democracy, and the American University: From the Civil War to the Cold War. He has taught at Harvard, Yale, NYU, Vanderbilt, and Boston College and held fellowships from the National Humanities Center, the Cornell Society for the Humanities, the National Academy of Education, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Science as a Cultural Threat 1

1 Mental Modernization 24

2 Resisting the Modern 46

3 Science and the State 66

4 Social Engineering 84

5 Modernity and Scientism 104

6 The Humanistic Opposition 120

7 A New Right 138

8 Cross-Fertilization 156

9 A New Left 177

10 Skepticism Instantiated 204

11 Science as Culture 229

Conclusion: Humanizing Science 258

Notes 267

Acknowledgments 331

Index 335

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