Pub. Date:
Cambridge University Press
Russian Officialdom in Crisis: Autocracy and Local Self-Government, 1861-1900

Russian Officialdom in Crisis: Autocracy and Local Self-Government, 1861-1900

by Thomas S. PearsonThomas S. Pearson
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Modern Russian history began with the "Great Reforms" of 1861-4 which emancipated the serfs and introduced public self-government to assist the state in managing rural administration and change. In this capacity, peasant and zemstvo self-government, established partly on the basis of Western administrative theory, was important to the solvency of the entire state, autocracy's political evolution, and the fate of the rural gentry, peasants, and townspeople. This book is the first full-scale account of the development of rural self-government from the "Great Reforms" to its bureaucratization in the counterreforms of 1889-90 and their implementation during the following decade. Drawing on a wide range of archival material in Moscow and Leningrad, Pearson pinpoints the concrete problems that Russian officials experienced in introducing rural self-government, and shows that the land captain and zemstvo counterreforms, like the earlier "Great Reforms," resulted from practical statist considerations.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780521894463
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication date: 02/12/2004
Series: Autocracy and Local Self-Government, 1861-1900
Edition description: Revised ed.
Pages: 308
Product dimensions: 5.98(w) x 9.02(h) x 0.79(d)

Table of Contents

Preface; Acknowledgments; 1. Introduction: old problems, new principles - tsarist government and the Great Reforms; 2. The birth of a new rural order: the state and local self-government, 1861–75; 3. The breakdown of tsarist administrative order, 1875–81; 4. The debate revived: state, social change, and ideologies of local self-government reform, 1881–5; 5. State control over local initiative: the Land Captain Statute of 1889; 6. The politics of the zemstvo counter-reform, 1888–90; 7. Conclusion; Tables.

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