Revoking Citizenship: Expatriation in America from the Colonial Era to the War on Terror

Revoking Citizenship: Expatriation in America from the Colonial Era to the War on Terror

by Ben Herzog, Ediberto Roman

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Overview

Reveals America’s long history of making both naturalized immigrants and native-born citizens un-American after stripping away their citizenship

Expatriation, or the stripping away citizenship and all the rights that come with it, is usually associated with despotic and totalitarian regimes. The imagery of mass expulsion of once integral members of the community is associated with civil wars, ethnic cleansing, the Holocaust, or other oppressive historical events. Yet these practices are not just a product of undemocratic events or extreme situations, but are standard clauses within the legal systems of most democratic states, including the United States. Witness, for example, Yaser Esam Hamdi, captured in Afghanistan in November 2001, sent to Guantánamo, transferred to a naval brig in South Carolina when it was revealed that he was a U.S. citizen, and held there without trial until 2004, when the Justice Department released Hamdi to Saudi Arabia without charge on the condition that he renounce his U.S. citizenship.

Hamdi’s story may be the best known expatriation story in recent memory, but in Revoking Citizenship, Ben Herzog reveals America’s long history of making both naturalized immigrants and native-born citizens un-American after their citizenship was stripped away. Tracing this history from the early republic through the Cold War, Herzog locates the sociological, political, legal, and historic meanings of revoking citizenship. Why, when, and with what justification do states take away citizenship from their subjects? Should loyalty be judged according to birthplace or actions? Using the history and policies of revoking citizenship as a lens, Revoking Citizenship examines, describes, and analyzes the complex relationships between citizenship, immigration, and national identity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780814760383
Publisher: New York University Press
Publication date: 02/06/2015
Series: Citizenship and Migration in the Americas Series , #9
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Ben Herzog is a Lecturer (equivalent to Assistant Professor in the U.S.) at the Ben-Gurion Research Institute, at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. In 2012–2013 Ben Herzog served as the William Lyon Mackenzie King Research Fellow at the Canada Program of Harvard's Weatherhead Center for International Affairs.

Ediberto Román is Professor of Law at Florida International University. He is the author of The Other American Colonies: An International and Constitutional Law Examination of the United States’ Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Island Conquests, and edits the NYU Press series Citizenship and Migration in the Americas.

Table of Contents


Contents
List of Tables and Figures ix
Foreword xi
Acknowledgments xv
Introduction 1
1 Revoking Citizenship 9
2 National Beginnings—American
versus British Citizenship 27
3 Legislative Initiatives 37
4 International Relations 56
5 Consular Dilemmas 70
6 Supreme Court Rulings 78
7 The Board of Appellate Review 90
8 The War on Terror 110
9 Dual Citizenship and the Revocation of Citizenship 122
Conclusion 137
Notes 141
Bibliography 161
Index 177
About the Author 187

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