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Initiatives to coordinate schools, cultural institutions, community-based organizations, foundations, and/or government agencies to promote access to arts education in and outside of schools have recently developed. This study looks at the collaboration efforts of six urban communities: how they started and evolved, the kinds of organizations involved, conditions that helped and that hindered coordination, and strategies used.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780833043061
Publisher: RAND Corporation
Publication date: 09/15/2008
Pages: 108
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.40(d)

About the Author

Susan J. Bodilly (Ph.D., Public Policy, George Mason University) is an adjunct professor, George Mason University, Fairfax, and group manager and senior researcher, Health, Education and Welfare, at RAND.

Table of Contents

Preface     iii
Figures and Tables     ix
Summary     xi
Acknowledgments     xvii
Abbreviations     xix
Introduction     1
Purpose     2
Methods     3
Important Concepts     4
High-Quality Arts Learning     4
Attributes of Coordinated Improvement Efforts     5
Report Organization     7
Study Limitations     7
The Evolving Ecology of Arts Education     9
Scarcity and Variance in Public Arts Education of the 1970s     9
Setback Caused   Fiscal Crises     10
Development of Alternative Views of Purpose and Provision     11
Diverse Goals and Approaches to Arts Learning     12
Growth in Contrasting Approaches to Provision     13
Connections to and Effect of Other Education Reform Efforts     14
Development of Arts Goals and Standards     14
Growth of High-Stakes Accountability and Assessments     15
Decentralization and the Principal's Role in Curriculum Decisions     17
The Arts as the Reform     18
Organizational Ecology of Arts Education Today     18
Non-School Providers     18
Influencers     21
Interactions Among Providers and Influencers     23
Summary     23
Coordination Efforts Within Six Communities     25
Alameda County     26
Context and Motivation for Change     27
Coordination Goals and Efforts     28
Achievements to Date and Future Prospects     30
Boston     30
Context and Motivation for Change     30
Coordination Goals and Efforts     31
Achievements to Date and Future Prospects     33
Chicago     33
Context and Motivation for Change     33
Coordination Goals and Efforts     34
Achievements to Date and Prospects for the Future     35
Dallas     36
Context and Motivation for Change     36
Coordination Goals and Efforts     37
Achievements to Date and Prospects for the Future     39
Los Angeles County     40
Context and Motivation for Change     40
Coordination Goals and Efforts     41
Achievements to Date and Prospects for the Future     42
New York     43
Context and Motivation for Change     43
Coordination Goals and Efforts     44
Achievements to Date and Prospects for the Future     45
Summary     46
Strategies for Improving Access and Quality     47
Strategies to Improve Access     47
Conducting Audits of Arts Education     48
Setting a Goal of Access for All     49
Strategic Planning     49
Constructing a Case     49
Attracting and Leveraging Resources     50
Hiring an Arts Education Coordinator Highly Placed Within the School District Administration     51
Building Individual and Organizational Capacity     52
Advocating     53
Progress on Access     55
Strategies to Improve Quality     56
Strategic Planning     56
Requiring Alignment with State Standards     57
Developing Curriculum Supports     57
Building Individual and Organizational Capacity     58
Qualifying Providers     58
Coordinating Peer Review, Ranking, and Modeling     59
Assessing Student Learning     60
Tensions and Limitations Inherent in Strategies     60
High Standards Versus Highly Constrained Realities     60
Capacity Lower Than Anticipated      61
Summary     61
Sparking and Sustaining Coordination Across Providers and Influencers     63
Coordination as an Enabler of Improved Access and Quality     63
Conditions That Foster Coordination     64
Convening of Key Stakeholders     64
Effective Leadership     65
Seed Funding for Coordination     67
Convening and Joint Planning     67
Sustained Funding     67
Evaluation, Feedback, and Improvement     68
Conditions That Impede Coordination     68
Changing Policy Contexts     68
Conflict Among Providers and Ideas     69
Turnover in Leadership     69
Advantages of Participating in Coordination Efforts     70
Drawbacks of Participating in Coordination Efforts     71
Summary     71
Conclusions     73
Findings     73
Ecology of Local Arts Education     73
Coordinated Community Approaches to Improving Access     74
Strategies Used to Improve Access and Quality     74
Strategies to Spark and Sustain Coordination     75
Challenges to Coordinated Efforts     75
Guidance for Practitioners     76
Recommendations for Improving Coordination and Access to Quality Arts Learning Experiences     76
Recommendations for Monitoring Progress     78
A Sometimes Powerful, but Also Fragile Approach     79
References     81

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