The Great War of 1914-1918 was the world’s first total conflict. It drew the whole population into the war effort as never before. The armed forces recruited on a scale that was previously unimaginable, and the munitions industries drew more and more citizens into the labor market. The entire national economy was thrown onto a war footing. The local newspapers of those years provide a unique picture of these momentous changes, and Reporting the Great War uses their words to recapture the experience of the time. It illustrates in telling detail the human tragedies and triumphs of a nation at war and the day-to-day preoccupations of communities trying to find normality during an unprecedented emergency.
Sections of the population were gripped by ‘hun-phobia’ – the fear that everything Germanic was an agent of the enemy. Terror of aerial attack and the shortages caused by the German submarine blockade brought the reality of war close to home. Unfamiliar terms entered the national vocabulary – conscription, conscientious objection, rationing – and pre-war assumptions, from the role of women to the use of alcohol, were challenged and changed.
Stuart Hylton’s fascinating account of the British home front during the Great War, as it was seen through the newspaper columns of the day, shows a nation seemingly sleepwalking into a war in 1914 and emerging, four years later, with the hope that a better world would come with the peace.
Table of Contents
1 A Quarrel in a Far-away Country 1
2 Terror From the Air 15
3 News From the Front Line 33
4 Volunteers, Conscripts and Objectors 51
5 Tightening Your Belts - Rationing 67
6 Women and the War 79
7 Learning to Hate the Hun 95
8 The War Effort 107
9 The Demon Drink 125
10 Bread and Circuses 135
11 Victory and Beyond 145