Religion and Culture in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800

Religion and Culture in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1800

by Kasper von Greyerz

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Overview

In the pre-industrial societies of early modern Europe, religion was a vessel of fundamental importance in making sense of personal and collective social, cultural and spiritual exercises. Developments from this era had immediate impact on these societies, much of which resonates to the present day. Published in German seven years ago, Kaspar von Greyerz important overview and interpretation of the religions and cultures of Early Modern Europe now appears in the English language for the first time. He approaches his subject matter with the concerns of a social anthropologist, rejecting the conventional dichotomy between popular and elite religion to focus instead on religion in its everyday cultural contexts. Concentrating primarily on Central and Western Europe, von Greyerz analyzes the dynamic strengths of early modern religion in three parts. First, he identifies the changes in religious life resulting from the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-Reformation. He then reveals how the dynamic religious climate triggered various radical and separatist movements, such as the Anabaptists, puritans, and Quakers, and how the newfound emphasis on collective religious identity contributed to the marginalization of non-Christians and outsiders. Last, von Greyerz investigates the broad and still much divided field of research on secularization during the period covered.
While many large-scale historical approaches to early modern religion have concentrated on institutional aspects, this important study consciously neglects these elements to provide new and fascinating insights. The resulting work delves into the many distinguishing marks of the period: religious reform and renewal, the hotly debated issue of "confessionalism", social inclusion and exclusion, and the increasing fragmentation of early modern religiosity in the context of the Enlightenment. In a final chapter, von Greyerz addresses the question as to whether early modern religion carried in itself the seeds of its own relativization.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780198043843
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication date: 11/26/2007
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
File size: 650 KB

About the Author

Kaspar von Greyerz is Full Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Basel

Table of Contents

Introduction
I. UPHEAVAL AND RENEWAL
1. The ripple effects of the Reformation
1.1. Reformation
1.2. Counterreformation
1.3. Confessionalization and the assault on popular culture
1.4. The so-called Second Reformation
2. Renewal vs. Ossification
2.1. "Nadere reformatie" and Pietism
2.2. The Puritans
2.3. Jansenism
2.4. Moravians and Methodists
II. THE INTEGRATED, OUTCASTS, AND THE ELECT
1. Community
1.1. Reformation, Counterreformation, and community
1.2. Marriage and family
1.3. Popular religiosity as a collective ritual
2. Pariahs
2.1. The marginalized: Jews
2.2. Tensions: witch persecutions
3. Separatism
3.1. Anabaptism
3.2. Baptists and Quakers
3.3. Radical Pietism
III. FRAGMENTATION OF RELIGIOSITY
1. The privatization of piety
1.1. Enlightenment and religion
1.2. The beginnings of secularization in England
1.3. "Déchristianisation" in France
1.4. Secularization in German-speaking lands
2. The self-questioning of early modern religiosity?
2.1. "Externality": individualization among the Iberian conversos
2.2. "Internality": Weber's thesis
Conclusion

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