Ready for Anything: 52 Productivity Principles for Getting Things Done

Ready for Anything: 52 Productivity Principles for Getting Things Done

by David Allen


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In his bestselling first book, Getting Things Done, veteran coach and management consultant David Allen presented his breakthrough methods to increase efficiency. Now “the personal productivity guru” (Fast Company) shows readers how to increase their ability to work better, not harder—every day. Based on Allen’s highly popular e-newsletter, Ready for Anything offers readers 52 ways to immediately clear your head for creativity, focus your attention, create structures that work, and take action to get things moving.

With wit, inspiration, and know-how, Allen shows readers how to make things happen—with less effort and stress, and lots more energy, creativity, and effectiveness. Ready for Anything is the perfect book for anyone wanting to work and live at his or her very best.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780143034544
Publisher: Penguin Publishing Group
Publication date: 12/28/2004
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 192
Sales rank: 782,707
Product dimensions: 8.18(w) x 11.04(h) x 0.51(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

David Allen is president of The David Allen Company and has more than twenty years experience as a consultant and executive coach for such organizations as Microsoft, the Ford Foundation, L.L.Bean, and the World Bank. His work has been featured in Fast Company, Fortune, Atlantic Monthly, O, and many other publications.

Read an Excerpt

Introduction:Making It Easy to Take It Easy

MAXIMUM PRODUCTIVITY is making something happen=furniture, freeways, or fun=with as little effort as possible. The fact that we have 8efforte at all, though, implies that we confront resistance and impediments when we want to get anything done. Improving productivity has a lot to do with dealing more effectively with the hindrances, barriers, and distractions that show up in our way=anything that opposes or weakens our forward motion. In a totally frictionless world, everything would just appear as soon as it was imagined=there would be little need to train for greater flexibility and focus or to install better systems and approaches. In the world you and I inhabit, however, to really get what we want most effectively, we have to be ready for anything. And there are things we can all do, anytime, that make it easier to take things in stride and stay the course.

Ifve spent more than two decades exploring the best methods to achieve a more relaxed, positive, and sustainable way to live and work. And as a management consultant and productivity coach, Ifve helped thousands of professionals implement what Ifve discovered to be the best ways to work more productively and get more enjoyment from what theyfre doing. When people gain a method of achieving that kind of balance in their day-to-day endeavors, no matter whatfs going on, they have easier access to more of their intuition and creativity. They become better at processing information, managing their thoughts and feelings, focusing on results, and trusting their judgments about what to do next. They have a systematic approach in place for dealing with themselves and their work, which is far more useful than merely relying on ad hoc, reactive behaviors to bail them out of the pressures and crises of their world. When people know they have a process in place to handle any situation, they are more relaxed. When theyfre relaxed, everything improves. More gets done, with less effort, and a host of other wonderful side effects emerge that add to the outcomes of their efforts and the quality of their life.

The methods I teach came from the behaviors and the systems I discovered that worked the best to keep us at our best. Since the early 1980s, they have been tested and proven highly effective, from the ground up=for both individuals and organizations. The steps of this discovery and this process were described in my first book, Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Productivity. Its success around the world indicated that people across a wide spectrum of cultures and careers seemed ready for this information and eager for change. They were tired of feeling overwhelmed by their jobs and the business of life. They wanted to regain lost opportunities for creative thinking and playing. They were looking for a new approach, a system that could be counted on, no matter what kind of job they had or what kind of day they were having. They wanted a structure=but a natural one that matched their complex lifestyles and created more freedom, not more constraint.

While I was uncovering and implementing the details of the what, when, and how that made up the heart of my programs, I started doing something else: I began writing about the why behind these steps. Why did they work so well? Why did they consistently help people function at a higher capacity and feel better? Was something deeper at work here? What was the foundation behind this success? There seemed to be underlying principles that wove themselves in and through the methodology=factors that held true no matter when, where, or with whom they were applied.

A person can be an excellent race-car driver without knowing anything about gravity, even though gravity is the underlying force affecting everything one does behind the wheel. To win races, the driver needs only to master the steering, the speed on the straightaways, and the technique of the turns, and to remember to keep the car under control at all times. You do your job, and gravity will do its job. Manage yourself, and the automobile will be fine. But what if driving fast isnft enough after a while? What if you want to know more about why your skills work so well and how they keep you from crashing and burning? What if you want to get closer to the secrets behind your own successes? And what if understanding those secrets leads to more tools for productivity and even greater achievements?

In 1997, I began exploring these questions by compiling a set of principles that seemed to lie at the foundation of productive behavior and writing informal essays about the implications and applications of those truths in everyday life. I started to enlarge on my core premise that onefs ability to be productive was directly proportional to onefs ability to relax. I dug further into four main areas of productive behavior:

1.Capturing and corralling all our internal and external 8open loopse to regain clarity and energy.
2.Consciously managing our focus within the multiple levels of outcomes and responsibilities to which we are committed.
3.Creating trusted structures and consistent usage of them to trigger the appropriate focus and reminders as necessary.
4.Grounding it all with flexible, forward motion at the physical-action level.

I discovered that people didnft need more discipline as such=they needed a disciplined approach. They didnft need to work harder=they needed to define their work better at multiple levels of detail and stay focused on all of them simultaneously.

Behind all this lay the 8mind like watere concept, an image Ifd come across years ago while studying karate. When you throw a pebble into a pond, what does the water do? It responds with total appropriateness to the force and mass of the rock. It does nothing more and nothing less. It doesnft overreact or underreact. It doesnft react at all. It simply interacts with whatever comes to it and then returns to its natural state. The water can do that only by design. A human being can act this way only if he or she has a conscious system in place and if that system is built on principles that can withstand chaos and stress. Those principles must be aligned with something deeper in our nature.

Two years after I began writing the essays, I decided to write and distribute a newsletter to those who were becoming familiar with my methods. My hope was to galvanize a network of practitioners and to build a community of people dedicated to doing good work, sharing their best practices, and celebrating life. Each newsletter was intended to reinforce and expand the ideas behind relaxed control and performance excellence. I wondered if people would respond.

My answer soon exceeded my expectations. Within two years, our readership had grown tenfold, from two thousand to twenty thousand subscribers. A year later it had reached thirty thousand and was still gathering momentum. People were sending out the newsletters through their own online networks. They were being e-mailed across the country and around the globe. Other folks were printing, stapling, and binding hard copies and distributing them to their friends and colleagues. Still others were posting them in elevators at work. They were showing up everywhere. Some of the essays leaned more toward practical advice, and others delved below the surface. All were developing and growing my understanding of the 8why,e and all were adding value to what had come before.

The feedback was overwhelmingly positive=people seemed hungry for reinforcement of the basics, exploration of the subtleties, and the adventure of the surprises produced by some of the simplest techniques, tools, and awarenesses. These were hardly people in the Remedial Living class either=the most profound rewards from using this material have been reported by some of the best and brightest people on the planet, many already in the top percentiles of productivity, by anyonefs standards.

It was time to put this material together into a book of its own.

The following principles, commentaries, and essays form a body of thought that I believe offers more than just tips or tricks. Whether or not people implemented the complete method of best practices I delineated in Getting Things Done, there were still things everyone could do more and more consistently, anytime, that would improve their productivity and well-being. These are the elements you will find validated and reinforced in these principles and essays.

The writings have been sorted into the four major areas of productive behavior they support: completion, focus, structure, and action. The principles and essays grouped as such are meant not to be limited to these headings or to give an exhaustive exposition of those topics but rather to stimulate your own thinking and validations of better ways to handle things.

There are times when individuals (and groups) will get the most leverage out of completing old stuff and clearing the decks (Part I). Other times a focus on the right focus is the primary key (Part II). Still other situations will call for structures and systems as most important for growth (Part III). And others will require simply letting go of trying to get it perfect and just get going (Part IV). All these aspects are important, but often one specifically will be the trigger point for busting through into a next level of productivity. Part V offers checklists as reference and reminders of the core practices for staying on top of the flow.

You will notice that the essays are not precise expositions of the principles they follow but rather food-for-thought spins on the topics.* And the concluding 8By the way...e questions are merely catalysts for your own reflection about possible applications 8back at the ranch.e Human behavior and awareness can be at the same time really simple, really complex, and infinitely explorable, and Ifve tried not to nail down anything too hard. But youfll find at least hints as to how work functions at higher levels, how we function, and how the world functions. As you digest and put these principles into practice, there is a good chance you will contribute more to your job and to your life as a whole. Reading them will likely reinforce subtle changes in your perceptions, which lead to changes in behavior. A change in behavior leads to a change in action and in results. Things spiral outward in larger and larger ways. Change occurs, and a positive shift happens. Itfs most often the small things, done consistently in strategic places, that make the most difference.

As I said, you probably donft need to work harder. You also may not feel you have to institute the step-by-step system with all the parts and processes that Getting Things Done provided. But at times you still may need to manage incompletions better, be more creative and expansive, be more focused in your thinking, access your intuition, have better structures, be more flexible and relaxed, or just get moving on next steps. Any or all of the above will make you more productive. This book provides important perspectives in all of those areas and may have just the key you need to kick-start yourself into rewarding new levels of expression.

You will probably find something familiar about this material. Not that youfve read it anywhere else, but that you will recognize it as something you already know, intuitively. To gain value from this content does not require new skills or learning a complex body of new information. This writing will likely validate much of what you already know and do that works. But it will also challenge you to apply that awareness in a much more conscious and consistent manner=and thatfs where the real power lies. This is a compilation of effective perspectives and behaviors, applicable anywhere, anytime. Though each has merit by itself, as a whole they will provide a rich contextual experience greater than the sum of its parts. Whether you approach it ad hoc or straight through, I invite you to allow the bigger picture of a dynamic, positive readiness for life to emerge as you turn the pages.

I continue to be surprised with the seemingly infinite ways the principles of personal effectiveness can be examined and experienced. Our journeys always return to the same basic truths, but our explorations lead us back to those awarenesses in new and more profound ways. The thinking captured in this book will no doubt open more doorways and lead to further discoveries. One layer of meaning will give way to another and then another and another. The spiral will continue to expand. Itfs as interesting and inspiring to me to think about whatfs not yet in this book as of what is. I hope you will find it, as I have, a doorway instead of a final act.

The 8ready statee of the martial artist is not a passive, reactive, or finite one. It is totally dynamic, alive, creative, and expansive. But itfs not free. It is enabled by increasingly refined training and experience with work and life. May these principles serve as road signs and guideposts along your way.

*These principles are numbered sequentially for this book, not as they were in the newsletters (the initial numberings were arbitrary, as well). Also, some essays have been paired with different principles than those they were matched with originally.


Cleaning up creates new directions.
Completion of open loops, whether they be major projects or boxes of old stuff wefve yet to purge and organize, prepares the ground for cleaner, clearer, and more complete energy for whatever shows up. Wefre often not sure whatfs next or what to tackle. At that point, just clean or complete something=something obvious and in front of you, right away. Soon youfll have the energy and clarity to know whatfs next, and youfll have cleared the decks for more effective responsiveness on every front. Process your in-basket, purge your e-mails, or clean your center desk drawer. Youfve got to do it sometime anyway.

Prepared for the Unknown?
SOMETHING IS COMING=probably within a few days=thatfs going to change your world. You donft see it yet. You donft know what itfs about. But itfs there, rolling inexorably forward, destined to throw you a curve that you do not expect. It could show up sooner or later=but it will show up. Trust me.

Write down these words exactly four weeks from today on your calendar: 8David Allen said a month ago that something was coming I couldnft foresee that would affect me significantly.e Prove me wrong.

Are you ready? Is that unexpected event or input going to add insult to injury by making you feel more out of control? Or are you going to see it as the next creative opportunity that takes you to a new level of expression and contribution? How are you preparing for the surprises that the new experience will invariably throw your way?

I think there are basically two levels to handle for any unforeseen opportunity:
1.The spiritual. If God is all, and youfre part of that, just relax.
2.All the rest. For this you must get your act together, so you can shift gears as required.

An old Asian proverb says, 8The more you sweat in peace, the less you bleed in war.e The military model is not a bad one=in the armed forces, if youfre not fighting, youfre training. Most people get ready for change a few days before a long vacation, when they divorce and have to sell everything they own and move, or when some other major life event causes them to rethink it all and get some clarity around their commitments and their 8stuff.e Theyfre cleaning up, closing up, and renegotiating all their agreements with themselves and others.

I suggest you do that weekly. And get yourself organized enough so that when a staff meeting is late to start, youfre processing your in-basket or cranking down your FYI-to-read stack. Or when youfre waiting for your spouse to get ready (like, actually ready), youfre checking to see if therefs a phone call you could make. I know very few people on the planet who care enough about their time and what theyfre doing, every minute, to maximize those kinds of windows. If you werenft taking advantage of your time that way, Ifd ask yourself, Why not?

Whenfs the last time you updated your projects list (those things that take more than one action to complete) and brought it current, with next actions for each one placed in your system? The degree to which you havenft done that is the degree to which you are enduring unnecessary stress.

And if you donft have one yet, get a ubiquitous idea-capturing tool. Something to write or record things on, whenever they occur to you. You need something thatfs always with you=on the beach, in the health club, at your desk, out for dinner. Itfs very helpful if you can tie it in with your wallet or purse, which is already in that category for you. The older, wiser, and more sophisticated you get, personally and professionally, the more your best ideas about something happen somewhere they canft be implemented at that moment.

You might understand intellectually that you should get everything out of your head that has potential future value or represents potential agreements with yourself and others. But you have to put that into practice by writing it down when it pops in. If you are getting any 8thing to doe out of reading this, where are you recording that? Pocket notebooks, three-by-five cards, miniature recorders=whatever.

Get your ubiquitous capture tool in place and functioning as a standard life accessory. Going somewhere without it should feel as weird as going out without shoes on. Itfll take you to a whole new level of creative thinking and doing.

All intellectual improvement arises from leisure.

It is the act of forgiveness that opens up the only possible way to think creatively about the future at all.

When you know everything, you are like a dark sky. Sometimes a flashing will come through the dark sky. After it passes, you forget all about it, and there is nothing left but the dark sky. The key is never being surprised when all of a sudden a thunderbolt breaks through. And when the lightning does flash, a wonderful sight may be seen. When we have emptiness, we are always prepared for watching the flashing.

By the way...
mWhere are your potential cleanup areas?
mWhatfs the next one to tackle, when youfre not sure what else to be doing?
mWhat could you forgive today?

Table of Contents

Introduction: Making It Easy to Take It Easy xvii

or Getting the Loose Ends to Leave You Alone 1
1. Cleaning up creates new directions. 3
2. You can only feel good about what you’re not doing when you know what you’re not doing. 6
3. Knowing your commitments creates better choices of new ones. 9
4. Getting to where you’re going requires knowing where you are. 12
5. Infinite opportunity is utilized by finite possibility. 15
6. Two commitments in your head create stress and failure. 18
7. Priorities function only at the conscious level. 21
8. Closing open loops releases energy. 24
9. If it’s on your mind, it’s probably not getting done. 26
10. Creativity shows up when there’s space. 29
11. The deeper the channel, the greater the flow. 32
12. Worry is a waste. 35
13. You are not your work. 38

or What’s the Point of a Point of View? 41
14. For more clarity, look from a higher place. 43
15. You won’t see how to do it until you see yourself doing it. 46
Waking Up Again to Making It Up Again
16. Working hard enough is impossible. 49
17. Energy follows thought. 51
18. The clearer your purpose, the more ways to fulfill it. 54
19. Best is much better than good. 57
20. A change in focus equals a change in result. 60
21. Perspective is the most valuable commodity on the planet. 63
22. You have to think about your stuff more than you think. 66
23. You don’t have to think about your stuff as much as you’re afraid you might. 69
24. If you know what you’re doing, efficiency is the only improvement opportunity. 72
25. Only one thing on your mind is “in the zone.” 75
26. The value of a future goal is the present change it fosters. 78

or It’s Hard to Stay on Track Without Rails 81
27. Stability on one level opens creativity on another. 83
28. Form and function must match for maximum productivity. 85
29. Your system has to be better than your mind for your mind to let go. 87
30. Response ability improves viability. 90
31. Your system is only as good as its weakest link. 92
32. The effectiveness of your system is inversely proportional to your awareness of it. 95
33. Function follows form. 98
34. You can’t win a game you haven’t defined. 100
35. Whenever two or more are responsible for something, usually nobody is. 103

The Inner Committee
36. Prime your principles instead of policing your policies. 106
37. Use your mind to think about your work, instead of thinking of it. 109
38. You are thinking more valuably than you may think. 111
39. The necessity to plan and organize is inversely proportional to your perceived resources. 114
Why the Human Race Is Taking So Long to Evolve

or How to Be Where the Action Is 117
40. You’re the only one playing your game. 119
41. Too controlled is out of control. 122
42. The better you get, the better you’d better get. 125
43. Trusting your action choice requires multilevel self-management. 127
44. Your power is proportional to your ability to relax. 130
45. Surprises, expected, are no surprise. 133
46. The longer your horizon, the smoother your moves. 136
47. You speed up by slowing down. 139
48. You don’t have time to do any project. 141
49. Small things, done consistently, create major impact. 144
50. You have to do something to know something. 146
51. It’s easier to move when you’re in motion. 149
52. The biggest successes come from the most failures. 151

or Common Sense Isn’t That Common 155
Afterword 165

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