The subject matter of this volume has its roots in the early days of polymer chemistry when gun cotton and Parkesine were first developed. Indeed, its roots can ultimately be traced into anti quity, since, in commerce and daily life, man has always carried out reactions on polymers, e. g. in primitive dyeing and tanning operations. In more modern times Prof. Staudinger is commonly acknowledged as the investigator most responsible for the renais sance of interest in "polymer analogous" reactions. In recent years it has become apparent that the "black art" of conducting chemical reactions on macromolecules is an area which is amenable to basic scientific investigation. Examples of important developments which have come 'about ,in part ,as a result of this realization have been the advances in molecular biology (which may be rightly considered as the biochemistry of macromo lecules) and by such milestone achievements as solid phase pep tide synthesis and affinity chromatography. These few selected examples all have macromolecules (biological and synthetiC) in common. The stimulation to wide areas of scientific endeavor re sulting from these developments would undoubtedly have occurred· sooner, and certainly with much less difficulty, had the various investigators been aware of the problems attending attempts at performing reactions on polymers. The major purposes of this Advanced Studies Institute were threefold: 1.
Table of ContentsCatalysis by Polymers.- Interionic Reactions in Polyelectrolyte Solutions.- Polymers as Catalysts for Polymerization Reactions.- The Reaction of Polyvinylamine with p-Nitrophenyl Acetate.- Functionalization of Polymers.- A Kinetic Study of the Quaternization of Tertiary Amine Functional Groups in the Poly(Vinyl Pyridine) Series with Alkyl Bromides.- Insoluble Halogenating Agents.- Modification of Polymers Using Iodine Isocyanate. II. Improved Methods for Iodine Isocyanate Addition to Polyisoprene and some Biomedical Implications.- Modification of Polymers Containing Lewis Base Functional Groups via Condensation with Lewis Acids.- Sequence Studies during Reactions on Polymers.- Some Problems in the Reactivity of Macromolecules.- Chemical Reactivity of Copolymers.- Photochemical Reactions of Polymers in Solution.- New Methods of Preparation of Tailor Made Polymer Networks.- Chemical and Biochemical Reactions in the Gel Phase.- Synthesis and Properties of Polymers with Sulfur-Containing Functional Groups.- Application of Bender’s Salts to the Synthesis of Mercaptan-Containing Polymers.- Paraoxon Analogs as Haptens.- Chemical Reactions of Macromolecules in the Solid State.- Chemical Reactions Involving the Backbone Chain of Macromolecular Crystals.- The Challenge to Polymer Chemists in Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis.- Support-Aided Peptide Synthesis Regenerable Polymeric Reagents, Recent Developments.- Affinity Chromatography.