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Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, 1960-1974

Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, 1960-1974

by Messay Kebede


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During the 1960s and early 1970s, a majority of Ethiopian students and intellectuals adopted a Marxist-Leninist ideology with fanatic fervor. The leading force in an uprising against the imperial regime of Emperor Haile Selassie, they played a decisive role in the rise of a Leninist military regime. In this original study, Messay Kebede examines the sociopolitical and cultural factors that contributed to the radicalization of the educated elite in Ethiopia, and how this phenomenon contributed to the country's uninterrupted political crises and economic setbacks since the Revolution of 1974. Offering a unique, insider's perspective garnered from his direct participation in the student movement, the author emphasizes the role of the Western education system in the progressive radicalization of students and assesses the impact of Western education on traditional cultures. The most comprehensive study of the role of students in modern Ethiopian political history to date, Radicalism and Cultural Dislocation in Ethiopia, 1960-1974 opens the door for discussion and debate on the issue of African modernization and the effects of cultural colonization. Messay Kebede is Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Dayton and is author of Survival and Modernization — Ethiopia's Enigmatic Present: A Philosophical Discourse [1999].

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781580462914
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date: 11/01/2008
Series: Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora Series , #36
Pages: 252
Product dimensions: 6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

The Rise of Student Radicalism in Ethiopia Eurocentrism and Haile Selassie's Educational Precept Origins and Purpose of Haile Selassie's Educational Policy Radicalism as a Fallout of Uprootedness and Globality Imitativeness and Elitism Ethiopian Messianism Religion and Social Utopianism The Sublimation of Desertion Objective Causes of the Radicalization of Students and Intellectuals

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