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American Psychological Association
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association / Edition 6

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association / Edition 6

by American Psychological Association
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The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Seventh Edition is the official source for APA Style. With millions of copies sold worldwide in multiple languages, it is the style manual of choice for writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, engineering, and other fields.
Known for its authoritative, easy-to-use reference and citation system, the Publication Manual also offers guidance on choosing the headings, tables, figures, language, and tone that will result in powerful, concise, and elegant scholarly communication. It guides users through the scholarly writing process—from the ethics of authorship to reporting research through publication. The seventh edition is an indispensable resource for students and professionals to achieve excellence in writing and make an impact with their work.
The seventh edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect best practices in scholarly writing and publishing.
  • All formats are in full color, with a new tabbed spiral version
  • Improved ease of navigation, with many additional numbered sections to help users quickly locate answers to their questions
  • Resources for students on writing and formatting annotated bibliographies, response papers, and other paper types as well as guidelines on citing course materials
  • Dedicated chapter for new users of APA Style covering paper elements and format, including sample papers for both professional authors and student writers
  • New chapter on journal article reporting standards that includes updates to reporting standards for quantitative research and the first-ever qualitative and mixed methods reporting standards in APA Style
  • New chapter on bias-free language guidelines for writing about people with respect and inclusivity in areas including age, disability, gender, participation in research, race and ethnicity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and intersectionality
  • More than 100 new reference examples covering periodicals, books, audiovisual media, social media, webpages and websites, and legal resources
  • More than 40 new sample tables and figures
  • Expanded guidance on ethical writing and publishing practices, including how to ensure the appropriate level of citation, avoid plagiarism and self-plagiarism, and navigate the publication process
  • Guidelines that support accessibility for all users, including simplified reference, in-text citation, and heading formats as well as additional font options

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781433805615
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Publication date: 07/20/2009
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 272
Sales rank: 926
Product dimensions: 10.00(w) x 6.88(h) x 0.60(d)

Read an Excerpt


In 1928 editors and business managers of anthropological and psychological journals met to discuss the form of journal manuscripts and to write instructions for their preparation. The report of this meeting, which was chaired by Madison Bentley and sponsored by the National Research Council, is the forerunner of this book. The report was published as a ven-page article in the February 1929 issue of the Psychological Bulletin, ournal of the American Psychological Association (APA). The group agreed that it would not dictate to authors; instead, it recommended a andard of procedures, to which exceptions would doubtless be necary, but to which reference might be made in cases of doubt" ("Inuctions," 1929, p. 57; see section 9.01 for references to the predecessors this edition of the Publication Manual).

In the 70 years that followed, those "Instructions" were revised and anded a number of times. The first edition of the instructions under title of Publication Manual was actually a 60-page supplement to the Psychological Bulletin published in 1952.

It was another 22 years before a new edition was published in 1974 with 136 pages. Publication of the 208-page third edition occurred in 1983, and the fourth edition of 368 pages rolled off the presses in 1994.

Seven years have elapsed since the last edition, during which time great changes have occurred in the publishing world and in the technology b I authors, editors, and publishers. The fourth edition stood the of time well, but eventually there were more matters to be dealt with than could be easily accommodated on the APA Web site for updates. In 1999 the APA Publications and Communications Board authorized work to begin on this fifth edition of the Publication Manual.

Leslie Dodson ably served as the project leader for the revision, and many APA members and staff contributed their time, energy, and expertise to the preparation and editing of this volume, Nlark Appelbaum and his colleagues on the Statistics Task Force (Leona S. Aiken, Joel R. Levin, Robert S. Rosen, and Howard Wainer) had a particularly difficult assignment. Although not always in agreement on the specifics, the task force did agree on the need to provide some additional assistance to authors in dealing with statistical representations in manuscripts. Lenore W. Harmon, the APA Chief Editorial Advisor, drew on her experience to work on the ethics and authorship sections and to chair the Task Force on the Publication of Case Material (with Janice Birk, Clara Hill, Ross Parke, and NVilliam Stiles). Kathleen Sheedy took aim at the moving target of electronic referencing and manuscript preparation. She will continue working with the APA Internet Services staff to keep the new APA Style NVeb site up to date with changes in this area as they occur, Susan Knapp and Demarie Jackson provided examples, text, and guidance along the way.

There is a section in the foreword to the fourth edition that aptly characterizes the Publication Manual.

The Publicationn Manual presents explicit style requirements but acknowledges that alternatives are sometimes necessary; authors should balance the rules of the Publication Manual with good judgment. Because the written language of psychology changes more slowly than psychology itself, the Publication Manual does not offer solutions for all stylistic problems. In that sense, it is a transitional document: Its style requirements are based on the existing scientific literature rather than imposed on the literature.

Every edition of the Publication Manual has been intended to aid authors in the preparation of manuscripts. The 1929 guide could gently advise authors on style, because there were then only about 200 authors who published in the 4 existing APA Journals. Today, the editors of APA's 24 primary journals consider close to 6,000 manuscript submissions per year (of which approximately 1,400 reach print). Without APA style conventions, the time and effort required to review and edit manuscripts would prohibit timely and cost-effectivc publication and would make clear communication harder to achieve.

The numbers are higher today, of course. There are now 27 APA primary journals. And at least a thousand other journals in psychology, the behavioral sciences, nursing, and personnel administration use the Publication Manual as their style guide. This standardization has greatly facilitated the communication of new ideas and research and simplified the tasks of publishers, editors, authors, and readers as well as enabled linkages of electronic files across articles and across publishers.

As noted in the foreword to the fourth edition, however, this "standard" is not static. Our APA Web site devoted to the Publication Manual will provide updates and the latest information on changes in APA style and in APA policies and procedures that will affect authors as they preparc flicir manuscripts.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Table Examples, Figures, and Figure ExamplesXV
Organization of the Fifth EditionXXIV
Specific Style Changes in the Fifth EditionXXVI
How to Use the Publication ManualXXVI
1Content and Organization of a Manuscript3
Quality of Content4
Characteristics of Articles6
Parts of a Manuscript10
Quality of Presentation29
2Expressing Ideas and Reducing Bias in Language31
Writing Style31
Guidelines to Reduce Bias in Language61
3APA Editorial Style77
Headings and Series111
Statistical and Mathematical Copy136
Footnotes and Notes202
Reference Citations in Text207
4Reference List215
5Manuscript Preparation and Sample Papers to be Submitted for Publication283
The Author's Responsibilities284
General Instructions for Preparing the Paper Manuscript284
Instructions for Typing the Parts of a Manuscript296
Sample Paper and Outlines305
6Material Other Than Journal Articles321
Theses, Dissertations, and Student Papers321
Converting the Dissertation Into a Journal Article326
Material for Oral Presentation329
Material Published in Abbreviated Form330
7Manuscript Acceptance and Production331
Transmitting the Accepted Manuscript for Production332
Reviewing the Copyedited Manuscript335
After the Article is Published342
8Journals Program of the American Psychological Association345
Policies Governing the Journals345
Editorial Management of Manuscripts357
Appendix AChecklist for Manuscript Submission379
Title Page and Abstract380
Paragraphs and Headings380
Mathematics and Statistics380
Units of Measurement380
Notes and Footnotes381
Tables and Figures381
Copyright and Quotations382
Submitting the Manuscript382
Note to Students382
Appendix BChecklist for Transmitting Accepted Manuscripts for Electronic Production385
Preparing the Electronic File385
Appendix CEthical Standards for the Reporting and Publishing of Scientific Information387
Appendix DReferences to Legal Materials397
Appendix ESample Cover Letter411

Customer Reviews

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Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 3.2 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 69 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The "first printing" of the APA Publication manual has mistakes. If you purchased a first printing of the 6th ed. APA manual, the APA said it will replace them free of charge up until Dec. 15th, 2009. Afterwards, you are out of luck. Call the APA at (800) 374-2721 or (202) 336-5500 and choose prompt #4. After you answer a few questions, you will be sent an e-mail with a free return shipping label and a form to be included with your return.
josie-wags17 More than 1 year ago
I just received my copy. As a psychology professor, this text is required for my bookshelf--the same is true for students in this field. However, I was upset to learn that APA has already issued 7 typewritten pages of corrections to this manual, and they will not exchange the first printing for a newer print. This is a resource that you will use for years! Wait to purchase until the kinks have been ironed out and they are on a second or third printing of the manual! I am also disappointed that they do not clearly delineate the changes from the 5th edition. It looks to me that there are few important changes (2 spaces between sentences, etc.). Save your money for at least a few more months!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The first printing contains numerous errors throughout the book. The editor releasing this first printing should have been fired, and if not already, the firing is appropriate. Likewise, there is no credit or refund for its replacement resulting from the dumb and unprofessional mistakes found in the book. B&N should remove this first printing from it shelves and inventory all together--it did no justice to its credibility.
tsktsk More than 1 year ago
The sixth version of the Publiation Manual of the American Psychologial Asociation is a fraud. It is designed, by its own Introduction wordking, for those who consume content, not for writers or readers. The trucated work is not helpful, major changes are not flagged. People are referred to a dysfunctional Web site with significant uncontrollable and annoying audio monologues. The Web site does not even have a search mechanism. As the assumption is that users are not skilled and/or interested in reading, I guess it makes sense. Disciplines previously using APA should switch to AMA or Chicago. Those style guides are worthwhile.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
I just received my copy. As a psychology professor, this text is required for my bookshelf--the same is true for students in this field. and Take a Barnes $10 Off coupons code from
there_goes_my_paper More than 1 year ago
Instructors have warned us of many errors in printing of first edition! This is a must have book for apa style papers and now I have to go print pages of corrections from their website!
TheOldBuzzard More than 1 year ago
The latest edition of the American Psychological Association Publication Manual continues the more of the same style and format from previous editions. Maybe not designed to be a compelling read or even a read at all, the manual does its usual credible job of providing the necessities for the serious researcher. Unfortunately, the format is not conducive to the not-so-serious researcher who is forced to wade through to find simple explanations for the citing process. Indeed, the manual should include a simplified chart system to aid in the occasional usage of the manual. The manual should use some highlighting system to show the changes that were not included or are changes from last edition. Not-so-serious researches are not always aware of the changes without a nudge. Because the not-so-serious researcher is the one often most in need of the manual, changes and updates clearly highlighted and even explained bring a sense of usability to a process that can be daunting when not practiced often enough to develop confidence. The serious researcher has the complete system at one's fingertips if familiarity with the process and the manual have been established. The manual ensures that the serious researcher does not have to worry about the process details while trying to publish. Since publishing is so important to the serious researcher, this new compendium brings the research to the specifications necessary for all publications that serve the academic or research community. Not perfect, but necessary, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition meets the needs even when it does not satisfy!
toddbone More than 1 year ago
Excellent resource for writers of theses and dissertations, and journal articles. A must have for students and professionals interested in preparing any scholarly paper.
Nat1 More than 1 year ago
I am currently a doctoral student and this book has been extremely helpful with citing sources, etc.
Yu_For_Romance More than 1 year ago
Although you can pretty much find all this information in various places on the internet for free, it's really convenient to have it all in one place on your desk when writing a paper. It's a little hard to figure out exactly where everything you need might be the first couple times looking it up, but otherwise it's pretty easy to understand. All my professors recommended this edition, too, so when I am following it at least I know I won't be points marked off for that part. Probably.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Ordered a book a month ago from this company and still have not received it. I will not be ordering again from here.
purrfectmatch More than 1 year ago
The company is right. This is great if your going to professionally publish an article. It does have a lot of extras that could be useful if your doing a paper for school. I recommend getting the student pocket guide specially if your looking for something that just covers the basics and nothing more. The student manual seems to show certain things, like italicization clearly in examples. Not a bad buy but not what I expected.
drummingnurse More than 1 year ago
I bought the first printing and was dismayed that it contained so many errors. After looking at the multiple pages of corrections, I decided to contact APA to inquire about a return. They were most helpful and sent me a return voucher and shipping label for me to send the book back at their expense. I was only out the $1.18 for the padded envelope. I sent the book back on Dec 18 and had my new copy on Dec 28. The 1st printing of the book deserves 1 star, but at least the company made good on their product. I caution those needing this manual: Make sure you are not getting the error-filled 1st printing.
Lim-Sweet More than 1 year ago
This book is useful for writing APA papers since it is the manual but at times its like reading stereo instructions. It takes a bit of getting used to and you are going to highlight and flag the daylights out of the silly thing. Somethings here and there do go against itself but once you get the hang of it, it can become a writer's best friend.
TonyTonyTony More than 1 year ago
Great for research
LifeExamined More than 1 year ago
The 6th Edition of the APA manual is filled with mistakes. So many, in fact, that the APA web site lists several pages of them. In addition, the sample research papers cited in the manual are replete with errors. The APA web site lists pages of corrected research papers as well. Here is the kicker: to get a revised manual, one must pay for it. They made the mistakes that rendered the 6th Edition practically unusable but will not replace it for free. What a gig!
Davide5 More than 1 year ago
This is an indispensable resource for anyone doing graduate work that requires APA style. HOWEVER, with their first printing, they have SEVEN pages of errata that are mostly in examples. I've heard that they've fixed them for the second printing, but I haven't see that yet. Just look at everything critically! It's kind of ironic that a major style manual produces a book that's so poorly proofread. I'd get raked over the coals for producing a paper with that many errors in it. LOL
kresslya on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
A required reference book for my thesis and the APA style. There are a few changes from the 5th addition, but I could not have finished my thesis without it.
Hagelstein on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This printing of the 6th edition is poorly organized and edited and riddled with mistakes. The previous "pocket style" versions are much more usable, in addition to being accurate. If I have to go to another source to check the accuracy of the manual, which I do, then it's useless.
sherry52 on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
This is a reference book that can be used throughout academic studies. Although it is periodically updated, a publications manual is one of the best research paper tools.
ShreeG More than 1 year ago
This is a prescribed text for one of my courses. The irony is that the course is titled Education Technology for Administrators, but we were asked to buy a text book. This should have been available on line especially since it is a collection of frameworks for writing a paper for the most part. APA ought to make these papers available on line. Just another money making racket!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
A student's "must-have".
EkaTesol More than 1 year ago
If you're involved in research, this is the book for you. Information is presented clearly and organized in a user-friendly manner. You don't have to spend hours trying to find how to cite a scholarly journal, an Internet source, or a book chapter. They're right there for you. Just check out the table of contents or the inside cover!
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago