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SAGE Publications
Practical Program Evaluation: Assessing and Improving Planning, Implementation, and Effectiveness

Practical Program Evaluation: Assessing and Improving Planning, Implementation, and Effectiveness

by Huey-tsyh Chen


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Practical Program Evaluation: Assessing and Improving Planning, Implementation, and Effectiveness introduces students to the real world of evaluation, focusing on issues that arise in professional practice. Author Huey T. Chen concentrates on the steps vital to program evaluation: systematically identifying stakeholder needs, selecting evaluation options best suited to particular needs and reconciling any necessary tradeoffs, and turning the decisions into action. Using illustrative examples from the field, the book details the methods and procedures involved in analyzing and identifying stakeholder expectations and selecting an evaluation strategy. The principles and strategies presented are reinforced with theoretical justification. This provides students and professional evaluators the knowledge and flexibility to design suitable evaluations and follow them through from start to finish.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761902324
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/28/2004
Pages: 304
Sales rank: 644,404
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Huey T. Chen has been a Professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham since 2002. He was born and raised in Taiwan. Dr. Chen worked at the University of Akron until 1997, when he joined the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as the chief of an evaluation branch. Dr. Chen had taken a leadership role in designing and implementing a national evaluation system for assessing the CDC funded HIV prevention programs, which are based in health departments and community organizations. Dr. Chen has contributed to the development of evaluation theory and methodology, especially in the areas of program theory and theory-driven evaluations. His book, Theory-Driven Evaluations, has been recognized as one of the landmarks in program evaluation. In 1998 he received the Senior Biomedical Research Service Award from the CDC. He is also the 1993 recipient of the Paul F. Lazarsfeld Award for contributions to Evaluation Theory from the American Evaluation Association.

Table of Contents

Overview of the Bookxi
Part IIntroduction1
1Fundamentals for Practicing Program Evaluation3
The Nature and Characteristics of Programs3
The Nature and Characteristics of Effective Evaluation6
The Universalist View of the Practice of Evaluation (and Its Limitations)10
The Contingency View and the Program Theory Perspective11
Audiences and Uses of This Book13
2A Conceptual Framework of Program Theory for Practitioners15
The Program Theory Conceptual Framework16
Components of the Change Model20
Components of the Action Model23
Relationships Among Components of the Conceptual Framework of Program Theory29
Applied Program Theory: An Example32
Relationships Between "Program Theory" and "Logic Model"34
Some Advantages of Using the Program Theory Conceptual Framework36
Scientific Theory Versus Stakeholder-Implicit Theory as a Basis for Programs38
Applications of the Framework Presented in the Book42
3A Practical Evaluation Taxonomy: Selecting the Evaluation Approach That Works45
The Art of Fishing? The Art of Program Evaluation?45
The Evaluation Taxonomy as a Source for the Art Aspect of Program Evaluation47
A Practical Taxonomy of Program Evaluation Means and Ends49
Steps to Take in Applying the Practical Taxonomy58
Evaluation Ranging Across Several Program Stages61
Helping Stakeholders Gear Up (or Clear Up) Their Program Theory63
Details of the Work: Designing an Evaluation68
Dynamics of Evaluation Entries Into Program Stages and How to Apply This Book to Conducting Evaluation68
Part IIProgram Evaluation to Help Stakeholders Plan Intervention Programs71
4Assisting Stakeholders as They Formulate Program Rationales73
The Concept of a Program Rationale and Its Purposes73
Strategies for Articulating Program Rationales76
Background Information Provision Strategy and Approaches76
The Conceptualization Facilitation Approach-A Part of the Development Facilitation Strategy79
The Relevancy Testing Approach-A Part of the Troubleshooting Strategy88
5How Evaluators Assist Stakeholders in Developing Program Plans93
The Action Model Framework and the Program Plan93
Strategies for Developing Program Plans96
The Formative Research Approach, Under Background Information Provision Strategy97
The Conceptualization Facilitation Approach, Under Development Facilitation Strategy98
Application of the Conceptualization Facilitation Strategy111
The Pilot-Testing Approach119
The Commentary or Advisory Approach125
Part IIIEvaluating Implementation129
6Development-Oriented Evaluation Tailored for the Initial Implementation131
The Formative Evaluation Approach, Under the Troubleshooting Strategy132
The Program Review/Development Meeting, Under the Troubleshooting Strategy144
Bilateral Empowerment Evaluation, Under the Development Partnership Strategy150
7Assessing Implementation in the Mature Implementation Stage155
Development-Oriented and Assessment-Oriented Approaches155
Application of Development-Oriented Process Evaluation in the Mature Implementation Stage156
Assessment-Oriented Process Evaluation159
Issues in Applying Assessment-Oriented Process Evaluation in the Mature Implementation Stage161
The Fidelity Evaluation Approach, Under the Performance Assessment Strategy165
Enlightenment Assessment Strategy and Theory-Driven Process Evaluation173
Part IVProgram Monitoring and Outcome Evaluation179
8Monitoring the Progress of a Program181
What Is Program Monitoring?181
Process Monitoring182
Outcome Monitoring184
Program Monitoring Systems Within Organizations189
9Evaluating Outcomes: Efficacy Evaluation Versus Effectiveness Evaluation195
Guidelines for Conducting Outcome Evaluation195
Evaluability Assessment, Under the Development Facilitation Strategy197
Nonlinear Transitions Between Program Stages199
Efficacy Evaluation or Effectiveness Evaluation?199
Efficacy Evaluation's Conceptual Framework and Methodology201
Effectiveness Evaluation in the Current State of the Art205
Reconsidering the Efficacy-to-Effectiveness Paradigm206
Effectiveness Evaluation Adopts Efficacy Evaluation Methodology and Its Limitations209
The Conceptual Framework of Effectiveness Evaluation212
Designing and Conducting Effectiveness Evaluation214
Addressing Differential Implementation of Interventions225
Anticipating Intrusions and Preparing for Problems227
Beyond the Basic Effectiveness and Efficacy Evaluations227
10Theory-Driven Outcome Evaluation231
A Reply to Criticisms of Theory-Driven Outcome Evaluation233
Issues on the Difficulty of Clarifying Stakeholders' Implicit Theory235
Issues on Program Theory Consensus Among Stakeholders238
Guidelines for Conducting Theory-Driven Outcome Evaluation238
Types of Theory-Driven Outcome Evaluation240
The Intervening Mechanism Evaluation Approach241
The Moderating Mechanism Evaluation Approach250
The Integrative Process/Outcome Evaluation Approach256
Theory-Driven Outcome Evaluation and Unintended Effects262
11Looking Forward267
Evaluators' Plural Roles268
Politics of Program Evaluation269
Evaluation Practitioners' Contributions to the Development of Evaluation Theories and Methodology269
Narrowing the Gaps Between Academic and Practical Communities270
About the Author292

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