The eight-decade story of a New York neighborhood
In 1940, the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company opened a planned community in the East Bronx, New York. A model of what the neighborhood would become was first displayed to an excited public at the 1939 World’s Fair. Parkchester was celebrated as a “city within a city,” offering many of the attractions and comforts of suburbia, but without the transportation issues that plagued commuters who trekked into New York City every day. This new neighborhood initially constituted a desirable alternative to inner city neighborhoods for white ethnic groups with the means to leave their Depression-era homes. In this bucolic environment within Gotham, the Irish and Italian Catholics, white Protestants and Jews lived together rather harmoniously.
In Parkchester, Jeffrey S. Gurock explains how and why a “get along” spirit prevailed in Parkchester and marked a turning point in ethnic relations in the city.
Gurock is also attuned to, and documents fully, the egregious side to the neighborhood’s early history. Until the late 1960s, Parkchester was off-limits to African Americans and Latinos. He is also sensitive to the processes of integration that took place once the community was opened to all and explains why transition was made without significant turmoil and violence that marked integration in other parts of the city. This eight decade history takes Parkchester’s tale up to the present day and indicates that while the neighborhood is today predominantly African American and Latino, and home to immigrants from all over the world, the spirit of conviviality still prevails on its East Bronx streets.
As a child of Parkchester himself, Gurock couples his critical expertise as leading scholar of New York City’s history with an insider’s insight in producing a thoughtful, nuanced understanding of ethnic and race relations in the city.
|Publisher:||New York University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.40(d)|
About the Author
Jeffrey S. Gurock is Libby M. Klaperman Professor of Jewish History at Yeshiva University. A prize-winning author, he has written or edited fifteen books in American Jewish history. Gurock has served as chair of the Academic Council of the American Jewish Historical Society.He is the author of the recently published Parkchester: A Bronx Tale of Race and Ethnicity.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Parkchester and New York City's History 1
1 The Building of Parkchester 13
2 Fortunate Apartment Dwellers and the Beginnings of Community Life 27
3 Family Life in "Storkchester" 55
4 "Don't Pick the Flowers": Tough-Minded Social Controls and Opposition 77
5 "Negroes and Whites Don't Mix" 99
6 A Mixed Reception 137
7 "Mrs. Helmsley Should Be Forced to Do Her Time in Parkchester" 151
8 Renewal Efforts 195
9 Immigrant Arrivals and Old-Timer Departures 213
10 As a Bronx Neighborhood Approaches Eighty 243
Conclusion: An Enduring Get-Along Spirit 253
About the Author 308