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This first volume in a two-volume set provides the only comprehensive, Western-language history of Pan-Asianism through primary sources and commentaries. The book argues that Pan-Asianism, often-though unfairly-associated with the Yellow Peril, has been a powerful political and ideological force in modern Asia. It has shaped national identities and strongly influenced the development of international relations across Asia and the Pacific. Scholars have long recognized the importance of Pan-Asianism as an ideal of Asian solidarity, regional cooperation, and integration but also as an ideology that justified imperialist expansion and military aggression. Yet sustained research has been hampered by the difficulty of accessing primary sources.

Thoroughly remedying this problem, this unique sourcebook provides a wealth of documents on Pan-Asianism from 1850 to 1920, many translated for the first time from Asian languages. All sources are accompanied by expert commentaries that provide essential background information. Providing an essential overview of Pan-Asianism as it developed throughout modern Asia, this collection will be an indispensable tool for scholars in history, political science, international relations, and sociology. Its accessible presentation makes it a valuable resource for non-specialists as well.

Contributions by: Cemil Aydin, Yuan P. Cai, Peter Duus, Selçuk Esenbel, Jing He, Eri Hotta, Joël Joos, Kim Bongjin, Kyu Hyun Kim, Eun-jeung Lee, Matsuda Koichiro, Marc Andre Matten, Sven Saaler, Michael A. Schneider, Alistair Swale, Christopher W. A. Szpilman, Brij Tankha, Renée Worringer, and Urs Matthias Zachmann.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781442205963
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 04/16/2011
Series: Asia/Pacific/Perspectives Series , #1
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 360
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

Sven Saaler is professor of modern Japanese history at Sophia University, Tokyo.
Christopher W. A. Szpilman is professor of modern Japanese history  at Teikyo University, Tokyo.

Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments xi

Note on Transliteration and Translation xiii

Introduction: The Emergence of Pan-Asianism as an Ideal of Asian Identity and Solidarity, 1850-2008 Sven Saaler Christopher W. A. Szpilman 1

Part I The Dawn of Pan-Asianism, 1850-1900 43

1 The Concept of "Asia" before Pan-Asianism Matsuda Koichiro 45

2 The Foundation Manifesto of the Koakai (Raising Asia Society) and the Ajia Kyokai (Asia Association), 1880-1883 Urs Matthias Zachmann 53

3 The Genyosha (1881) and Premodern Roots of Japanese Expansionism Joël Joos 61

4 Koa-Raising Asia: Arao Sei and Inoue Masaji Michael A. Schneider 69

5 Tarui Tokichi's Arguments on Behalf of the Union of the Great East, 1893 Kyu Hyun Kim 73

6 Konoe Atsumaro and the Idea of an Alliance of the Yellow Race, 1898 Urs Matthias Zachmann 85

7 Okakura Tenshin: "Asia Is One," 1903 Brij Tankha 93

8 Okakura Tenshin and Pan-Asianism, 1903-1906 Jing He 101

Part II The Era of Imperialism and Pan-Asianism in Japan, 1900-1914 113

9 The Foundation Manifesto of the Toa Dobunkai (East Asian Common Culture Society), 1898 Urs Matthias Zachmann 115

10 The Kokuryukai, 1901-1920 Sven Saaler 121

11 Miyazaki Toten's Pan-Asianism, 1915-1919 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 133

12 Pan-Asianism, the "Yellow Peril," and Suematsu Kencho, 1905 Sven Saaler 141

13 Hatano Uho: Asia in Danger, 1912 Renée Worringer 149

14 Nagai Ryutaro: "The White Peril," 1913 Peter Duus 161

Part III Asian Responses to Imperialism and Japanese Pan-Asianism, 1900-1922 169

15 So Chaep'il: Editorials from Tongnip Sinmun (The Independent), 1898-1899 Kim Bongjin 171

16 Zhang Taiyan and the Asiatic Humanitarian Brotherhood, 1907 Yuan P. Cai 177

17 Aurobindo Ghose: "The Logic of Asia," 1908-1909 Brij Tankha 185

18 Sin Ch'ae-ho: "A Critique of Eastemism," 1909 Kim Bongjin 191

19 Abdurresid Ibrahim: "The World of Islam and the Spread of Islam in Japan," 1910 Selçuk Esenbel 195

20 An Chung-gun: "A Discourse on Peace in East Asia," 1910 Eun-jeung Lee 205

21 Benoy Kumar Sarkar: The Asia of the Folk, 1916 Brij Tankha 211

22 Li Dazhao: "Greater Asianism and New Asianism," 1919 Marc Andre Matten 217

23 Kurban Ali and the Tatar Community in Japan, 1922 Selçuk Esenbel 223

24 Rash Behari Bose: The Indian Independence Movement and Japan Eri Hotta 231

Part IV The Breakdown of the Imperialist Order: World War I and Pan-Asianism, 1914-1920 241

25 Germany, Sun Yat-sen, and Pan-Asianism, 1917-1923 Sven Saaler 243

26 Pan-Asianism during and after World War I: Kodera Kenkichi (1916), Sawayanagi Masataro (1919), and Sugita Teiichi (1920) Sven Saaler 255

27 Kita Ikki: "An Unofficial History of the Chinese Revolution," 1915, and "The Outline of a Plan for the Reconstruction of Japan," 1919 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 271

28 Tokutomi Soho and the "Asiatic Monroe Doctrine," 1917 Alistair Swale 279

29 Paul Richard: To Japan, 1917, and The Dawn over Asia, 1920 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 287

30 Kita Reikichi: "Misunderstood Asianism" and "The Great Mission of Our Country," 1917 Christopher W. A. Szpilman 297

31 Taraknath Das: Pan-Asian Solidarity as a "Realist" Grand Strategy, 1917-1918 Cemil Aydin 305

32 Konoe Fumimaro: "A Call to Reject the Anglo-American Centered Peace," 1918 Eri Hotta 311

Consolidated Bibliography 319

Index 347

List of Contributors to Volume 1 355

What People are Saying About This

Julia Adeney Thomas

'Pan-Asianism' galvanized—and still galvanizes—political imaginations from Afghanistan to Japan, from the Suez to Sakhalin, in an array of sometimes conflicting projects: defense against 'the West,' internal colonialism, transnational class solidarity, and celebration of religious and other traditions. These volumes, in translating seminal works from many languages and presenting skilled commentary, provide an unprecedented basis for a historical understanding of this perplexing yet vital concept. A gift to scholars and students for years to come.

Naoko Shimazu

This is an extraordinary undertaking, simply breathtaking in the range of writings it introduces to an English-speaking readership. The two volumes contain Pan-Asian writings by many well-known Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Indian, Indonesian, and Malaysian authors, in addition to manifestos produced by various Pan-Asian organizations. It is particularly helpful that these translations are introduced by essays written by leading scholars in the field. These two books together make an important scholarly contribution by opening up access to an area of modern history that has remained largely impenetrable to many of us.

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