Out of Bounds: Racism and the Black Athlete

Out of Bounds: Racism and the Black Athlete

by Lori Latrice Martin (Editor)

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This collection of essays highlights the controversies surrounding racism in sports and African American athletes, examining the racial discrimination that exists in one of the most public arenas in the 21st century.

Despite increasing diversity in the American population, race and racial bias continue to be significant issues in the United States. Sports—one of the most visible and important subsets of American culture—directly reflect our society's beliefs about race. This book examines racial controversy and conflict in various sports in the United States in both previous eras as well as the current "Age of Obama."

The essays in the work explain how racial ideologies are created and recreated in all areas of public life, including the world of sports. The authors address a wide range of sports, including ones where racial minorities are in the numerical minority, such as hockey. Specific topics covered include the devaluation of black athletes, racism in Major League Baseball, and the treatment of black female athletes.

  • Enables readers to comprehend how sports influence—and are influenced by—society, and grasp that both race and sports are powerful social constructions
  • Contains contributions from sociologist and social theorist Joe Feagin, a highly respected authority on the subject of race
  • Identifies and discusses the institutional barriers and personal practices regarding African Americans that perpetuate racism in sports and our society at large

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780313399374
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 04/17/2014
Series: Racism in American Institutions
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 322
Product dimensions: 9.40(w) x 6.50(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Lori Latrice Martin, PhD, is associate professor of sociology and African and African American studies at Louisiana State University.

Table of Contents

Series Foreword Brian D. Behnken ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction Lori Latrice Martin xiii

Part I Racism and Sports: Theoretical Perspectives

1 The Black Athlete and the Postracial Myth Lori Latrice Martin 3

2 Systemic Racism Theory: Critically Examining College Sport Leadership Michael Regan Akilah R. Carter-Francique Joe R. Feagin 29

3 Using Marketing Theory to Increase African-American Participation with Major League Baseball John A. Fortunato Jerome D. Williams 55

4 Race, In-Group Bias, and Their Influence on Perceptions of Controversial Same-Race and Different-Race Athletes Joshua B. Dickhaus Lance Kinney 81

5 Racism Front and Center: Introducing the Critical Demography of Athletic Destinations Lori Latrice Martin Hayward Derrick Horton 105

Part II Evidence of Racism in College and Professional Sports 133

6 "Jackie Robinson Day": The Contemporary Legacy David Naze 135

7 Intentional Foul?: Sports Card Values and the (De)valuation of Black Athletes in the NBA, 1989-2009 Wade P. Smith Eric Primm Valerie R. Stackman 159

8 Black Issues in Higher Education's Arthur Ashe Awards, 1995-2000: Invisible Men and Women (Scholars and Bailers) C. Keith Harrison 187

Part III Race, Gender, and Media Representations 207

9 Dilemmas and Contradictions: Black Female Athletes David J. Leonard 209

10 William Pope.L's Budapest Crawl and Black Male Sports Bodies in Advertising in the 1990s Tiffany E. Barber 231

11 Armstrong, Bonds, and PEDs: Racial Framing in U.S. Newspapers, 1999-2006 Jennifer Greer Christopher Murray 255

12 Racial Knowledge about Sport: A Mixed-Method Approach for Investigating Cultural Myths and Stereotypes about African-American Male Athleticism C. Keith Harrison Suzanne Malta Kirkland Louis Harrison Larry Proctor Quentin G. Love 279

About the Editor and Contributors 307

Index 313

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