The Nine Emotional Lives of Cats: A Journey into the Feline Heart

The Nine Emotional Lives of Cats: A Journey into the Feline Heart

by Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson

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Drawing from literature, history, animal behavioral research, and the wonderful true stories of cat experts and cat lovers around the world, Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson vividly explores the delights and mysteries of the feline heart. But at the core of this remarkable book are Masson’s candid, often amusing observations of his own five cats. Their mischievous behavior, aloofness, and affection provide a way to examine emotions from contentment to jealousy, from anger to love. The Nine Emotional Lives of Cats will captivate readers with its surprises, offering a new perspective on the deep connection shared by humans and their feline friends.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780345448835
Publisher: Random House Publishing Group
Publication date: 06/29/2004
Edition description: New Preface Edition
Pages: 288
Sales rank: 1,172,128
Product dimensions: 5.20(w) x 8.00(h) x 0.63(d)

About the Author

Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson, former Sanskrit scholar and Projects Director of the Sigmund Freud Archives, has written more than a dozen books, including the New York Times bestsellers Dogs Never Lie About Love and When Elephants Weep. A longtime resident of Berkeley, California, he now lives in New Zealand with his wife, two sons, and five cats.


Auckland, New Zealand

Date of Birth:

March 28, 1941

Place of Birth:

Chicago, Illinois


B.A., Harvard, 1964; Toronto Institute of Psychoanalysis, 1978, Ph.D. in Sanskrit and Indian Studies, Harvard, 1970

Read an Excerpt



Very different from that faithful animal the dog, whose sentiments are all directed to the person of his master, the cat appears only to feel for himself, to live conditionally, only to partake of society that he may abuse it. —Buffon

The frustrated woman in The New Yorker cartoon who asks the cat on her chair, “Am I talking to myself?” expects a laugh because the obvious answer is, “Yes, you are,” since cats have no interest in what we say to them. But is this really so?

Many people are convinced that cats are indifferent to us. Some even go so far as to use the word cold, which is not really descriptive but evaluative. Most cats (of mine, only Minna Girl is a partial exception) will not come when you call them, or rather, they will come sometimes, if they feel like it, and not other times, when presumably they don’t feel like it (unless there are other factors, as yet unknown to us, that decide whether a cat comes or not). This supposed indifference to humans leads some people to conclude that cats are narcissistic—in fact that narcissism is the cat’s defining characteristic. Not only are cats supposed to be narcissistic, they are commonly called haughty, egotistical, egocentric, self-centered, selfish, self-absorbed, egomaniacal, smug, distant, unsociable, and aloof. As for their indifference, the phrase is usually “calculated indifference,” but I doubt anyone would insist that it is calculated at all.

Narcissists lack the capacity to think about other people, to take the needs of others into consideration, to subordinate their own wishes to those of someone else. They are entirely self-involved. When I was a boy of fifteen, on an ocean liner from New York to London, I somehow struck up a friendship with a man of this description, a well-known American literary critic who was on board—the young admirer and the literary lion—and I spent much of the five days en route in his company. He spoke nonstop, always about himself, his accomplishments, his books, his admirers. It was good talk, fascinating to me at fifteen and evidently to others, for he always had a crowd. However, I knew then, though I did not know the word, that the man was a complete narcissist. He had zero interest in the ideas of anybody else around him or in anything but his own thoughts, which did indeed seem at the time more interesting than those of anyone else present. However, his fine mind could not encompass the one thought that everyone else could not avoid: He was a fool.

A cat’s narcissism, if that is the word we choose to use, is not like that at all. Cats watch us all the time. Obsessively. Coldly, some would say, or at least with some detachment. They see us; they notice us. Their eyes grow big watch- ing. They do it, some say, because they have to: we represent a superior predator, someone who might do them harm. But no, even when perfectly content, satisfied, completely out of danger, they do it. Cats take us in. We will probably never know what goes through their minds at those moments. What- ever it is, though, it is not self-absorption. The assertion, then, that cats think only about themselves is clearly wrong. Cats watch us so carefully that clearly they are thinking about us. But if we ask whether they think about us in preference to themselves, the answer is probably no.

Of course, in some sense, all animals, human or other- wise, are narcissistic to a certain degree, if narcissism can be equated with selfishness. Selfishness is built into every living creature, for none would survive without a healthy dose. Are cats more keen on survival than any other creature? It would be a strange claim. Yet cats certainly seem less altruistic than dogs, for example. I would not want to think my life depended on any of my cats. I seriously doubt that they would jeopardize their own safety to save my life. Why should they? (It seems that only dogs will risk their lives routinely, possi- bly because they can understand when a life is in jeopardy, whereas cats do not seem to realize this.) However, sometimes they do seem concerned. When I swim far out to sea at the beach outside my house, the four cats have a tendency to stand at the shoreline and wait for me, gazing out. Are they truly concerned, contemplating a lifesaving maneuver, or just curious? If I began to wave and shout, I doubt my cats would alter their stance.

The willingness to do something for others may be an inherited trait, common to dogs and humans but unknown to cats, having nothing to do with notions of selfishness. Why have we never heard of a service cat, like a service dog? Ma-jor economies have been driven by almost all the domesti-cated species—dogs (as herders and drovers), goats, sheep, pigs, cattle, water buffalo, horses. Only cats are economically insignificant—probably owing to resistance. Resistance seems an essential characteristic of cats. They resist us. Cats resist even size reduction, which we have practiced with such success on dogs. You do not find cats much bigger or smaller than other cats. They are all more or less the same size. They also resist our calls to come, to move, to obey, to present themselves, to do all the things that dogs do so easily. This drives some people crazy. Cats do not even care that it drives us crazy!

This is what some people mean when they call cats narcissistic: they will not alter their program to fit ours. It is very difficult to force a cat to do what we want. This seems to be one of the main reasons that many men in particular do not like cats: they cannot be controlled. They will not obey. Even the best-natured cat has an agenda of her own at almost all times. Even when she is doing nothing (although sleeping is hardly nothing), she does so on her own terms. Minna Girl will invariably come when I call her. Except when she will not. I call, she looks back, and then she continues on her way, not the least bit embarrassed or in any other way concerned that she has not done what I have asked. This could never happen with a dog, except under extraordinary circumstances. But for even the best-natured cat, it is an everyday experience. They hear us, they see us, they take in the request, and then they blink it away and to all appearances are completely indifferent. Yossie never does anything I ask; yet he expects me to do everything he asks. He is insistent about his food; “I want it now!” is his usual refrain. My cats are a lot like my five-year-old son, Ilan. “Fair’s fair” is a point of view utterly beyond their grasp.

I will wake up to see one of the cats and call out, “Miki!”—hoping that he will come bounding to me, rub his nose against my face, purr madly, and in other ways proclaim his pleasure in seeing me. I love morning greetings—two beings demonstrating the joy they feel in seeing one another again after a period of separation. But Miki walks past me without even pausing. All of the cats do this at some point or other. They act as if I were not there, as if I hardly mattered in their lives. Later in the same day, they will be running and playing with me on the beach, their eyes shining with pleasure, clearly delighted we are all together. I am learning to leave my expectations behind and take what comes as it comes. I seem to have no choice with cats.

Is what looks to us like studied indifference really that, or is it just that we do not entirely understand cat rules of behavior? Cats might assume, for example, that we can read their minds: “Can’t you see I am thinking of something else entirely?”—in which case for us to insist on our own agenda would be impolite from the cat’s point of view. They have something they are intent upon, a place they would rather be, a task they would rather perform, and our insistence that they conform to our plan is simply irrelevant to them. It does not occur to them to obey any request they do not themselves wish to perform or that is not self-generated.

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Nine Emotional Lives of Cats: A Journey into the Feline Heart 4.2 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 9 reviews.
dk_phoenix on LibraryThing More than 1 year ago
If you pick up this book looking for a scientific analysis of feline emotions, forget it. This isn't the right book for you, and you'll leave disappointed if you continue reading. If you've read other books by Masson and expect a similar style of book, forget that also -- this book is much more personal and contains a lot of self-centered reflection.But if you're interested in anecdotes about feline behavior -- particularly cats living in packs (Masson has 5 cats) -- and don't mind the occasional psychoanalysis of cat behavior, you may enjoy it. Mind you, I wouldn't sit down and read this one the whole way through, it's better read in chapters at bedtime.The format is this: Cute cat anecdote, reflection by Masson on the cat behavior, thoughts about what it means, and then thoughts about why it might not mean that but could mean something else. It's not scientific, and it's not based on anything other than his own observations of his pet cats.At the time of writing the book, he lived in New Zealand (where I believe he said there are no native mammal species?) and was able to allow his cats to roam free outdoors with no fear of predators. The cats wandered, became semi-feral (at least it sounded that way) and the anecdotes about feline behavior in that setting -- in a group of 5 -- were fascinating.But how many of us have packs of cats and live in New Zealand? And Masson also neglects to realize that here in North America (and I suspect elsewhere) having an outdoor cat isn't always a viable option. He stresses that cats who must only stay indoors are not happy, are living a cheated life, etc. etc. Now, I'm not going to get into the indoor vs. outdoor debate at the moment, but I think of it like this: I'd love if every cat could be an outdoor cat, but how many more unadopted felines would there be in the world if cats couldn't stay inside? That was the thing that irked me the most, but other than that, I didn't mind the book as I didn't read it expecting a scientific work. There were other things that made me growl at the book here and there, but overall it's a decent read if you're a cat person.One thing that did stick with me, however, was this sentiment: Maybe the way cats express love simply isn't the same way that we believe love is expressed? Just because we don't understand how they express it, doesn't mean it's not there. A nice reassurance for those who share their homes with aloof felines.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
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Anonymous More than 1 year ago
As a cat lover, I thought his observations of his cats similar to my experiences. Although my cats are indoor cats, they each have their distinct personality, which I have learned to relate to and respect. I did find the book a bit tedious to read, as the author continually repeated the same themes over and over. I also found the juxtaposition of opposing theories a bit confusing. I wonder what difference it would make in his observations if he studied indoor cats over a period of time. All in all, the book had some valuable insights.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This was a refreshing type of book for cat lovers. It delves into the most mysterious place on the most mysterious creatures on earth: cat's emotions. Many people think that cats are without emotion except fear, anger, or narcissism. (All of these emotions are talked about in the book.) What is good about this book is that Masson leaves the reader to interpret certain emotions in cats, he just spices them up with incredibly interesting personal anecdotes. All of us cat lovers always that cats were much more complex and sophisticated than the scientific establishment believes.
Guest More than 1 year ago
An excellent book! What I didn't already know about cats, I learned in this book. It delves deep into the history of cats, how they evolved as solitary creatures, thus explaining a large part of their behavior. My sole complaint would have to be the author's tendency to compare cats to dogs. As a cat person, who understands their personalities and behaviors, I had hoped he would stray from this. Cats should be addressed as a separate species, not always compared to dogs. Apart from that, this book was full of great facts that kept me hooked. It was an excellent read!
Guest More than 1 year ago
Omgosh, I LOVED this book. I bought it after reading it in the library. This world is made of of creatures. These creatures are animals.....cats and dogs. TO find out more about these precious pets, read this book. Read this book!!!!!!!