Pub. Date:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Neurocritical Care

Neurocritical Care

by Werner HackeWerner Hacke


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A Quick Reference Text! Easy to read and practical in design, Neurocritical Care is the book specialists will turn to for quick reference. It concentrates on management problems, from diagnostic procedures to therapeutic strategies. Exact descriptions are given for treatment procedures, and it is easy to find the appropriate treatment for a given patient. International Expertise! More than 100 authors from North America have contributed to the book. The different strategies used on either side of the Atlantic have been described, the sections on neuroimaging have been reviewed by a neuroradiologist. Comprehensive in Scope! Both frequent and rare neurological diseases that may require critical care treatment and subjects of more general interest such as monitoring strategies, ethical problems, brain death and neurological disorders in internal medicine have been covered. Pathophysiology is also discussed, insomuch as it is important for understanding the treatment strategies.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9783642876042
Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date: 05/24/2012
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1994
Pages: 1044
Sales rank: 880,848
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

I General Approaches to Neurocritical Care.- Intensive Care and Monitoring.- 1. General Assessment and Care of the New Patient.- 2. Standard Management and Prophylaxis.- 3. How to Approach an Unconscious Patient.- 4. Decisions to Implement and Withdraw Therapy in the Neurologic Intensive Care Unit.- 5. Documentation and Scores.- General Monitoring.- 6. Electrophysiologic Monitoring.- 7. Doppler Ultrasound Monitoring.- 8. Intracranial Pressure Monitoring.- General Treatment Strategies.- 9. General Treatment Strategies for Elevated Intracerebral Pressure.- 10. Pain Relief and Sedation.- 11. Nutrition.- 12. Respiratory Management in Neurological Critical Care: Basics and Techniques of Artificial Ventilation.- 13. Swallowing Disturbances.- 14. Prophylaxis of Deep Venous Thrombosis.- 15. Principles of Immunomodulatory Therapy.- 16. General Management of Immunosuppressed Patients.- 17. Infection Control in Neurocritical Care.- 18. Organizing Nursing Care in a Neurocritical Care Unit.- 19. Early Rehabilitation.- 20. Communication Aids for Paralytic Patients.- 21. Diagnosis of Brain Death.- 22. Organ-Preserving Therapy After Brain Death.- II Differential Diagnosis of Symptoms and Signs.- 23. The Comatose Patient.- 24. Acute Hemiparesis.- 25. Confusion, Psychosis, and Neuropsychological Symptoms.- 26. Seizures.- 27. Neck Stiffness and Headache.- 28. Tetraplegia and Paraplegia.- 29. Acute Muscular Weakness.- 30. Brain-Stem Syndromes.- 31. Ocular Motor Disturbances.- 32. Acute Visual Loss Due to Retrochiasmatic Lesions.- 33. Acute Visual Loss — Monocular Blindness.- 34. Acute Autonomic Instability.- 35. Abnormal Breathing Patterns.- III Neurocritical Care for Defined Diseases.- Inflammatory Diseases: Bacterial Infections.- 36. Bacterial Meningitis.- 37. Tuberculous Meningitis and Central Nervous System Tuberculosis.- 38. Brain Abscess and Empyema.- 39. Neurosyphilis.- 40. Neuroborreliosis.- 41. Tetanus and Botulism.- 42. Other Bacterial Infections.- 43. Spinal Abscesses.- Inflammatory Diseases: Viral Infections.- 44. Herpesvirus Encephalitis.- 45. Other Viral Infections.- 46. Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (Para infectious and Postvaccinal Encephalitis).- 47. HIV Infection and Associated Opportunistic Infections.- Inflammatory Diseases: Others.- 48. Fungal Infections.- 49. Parasitic Infections.- 50. Chronic Meningitis.- Stroke.- 51. General Therapy of Acute Ischemic Stroke.- 52. Special Aspects in the Treatment of Severe Hemispheric Brain Infarction.- 53. Vertebrobasilar Stroke, Cerebellar Stroke, and Basilar Occlusion.- 54. Septic Embolic Encephalitis.- 55. Vasculitis of the Central Nervous System.- 56. Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage.- 57. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.- 58. Cerebral Sinus Venous Thrombosis.- 59. Spinal Vascular Malformations and Ischemic Lesions of the Spinal Cord.- Neurotrauma.- 60. Cranial Trauma.- 61. Spinal Trauma.- Central Nervous System Neoplasms, Metastases, and Carcinomatous Meningitis.- 62. General Treatment of Brain Tumors.- 63. Lymphomas of the Central Nervous System.- 64. Carcinomatous and Leukemic Meningitis.- 65. Metastatic Spinal Cord Compession.- Epilepsy.- 66. Status Epilepticus.- Neuromuscular Diseases.- 67. Acute Inflammatory Polyneuropathy (Guillain-Barré Syndrome).- 68. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy.- 69. The Porphyrias.- 70. Critical Illness Neuropathy.- 71. Myasthenia gravis and Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome.- 72. Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis.- 73. Rhabdomyolysis and Acute Presentations of Myopathies.- 74. Acute Dyskalemic Periodic Paralysis.- Metabolic and Miscellaneous Diseases.- 75. Metabolic Encephalopathies.- 76. Wernicke’s Encephalopathy (Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome).- 77. Alcoholic Delirium and other Withdrawal Syndromes.- 78. Leigh’s Disease (Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy).- 79. Reye’s Syndrome.- 80. Central Pontine Myelinolysis.- 81. Acute Obstructive Hydrocephalus.- 82. Parkinson’s Disease.- 83. Life-Threatening Hyperthermic Syndromes.- 84. Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Other Ventilatory Disturbances.- 85. Pseudotumor Cerebri.- 86. Stiff-Man Syndrome.- IV Neurological Manifestations of Internal Diseases.- 87. Disturbances of Water and Electrolyte Balance.- 88. Renal Diseases.- 89. Hepatic Coma.- 90. Neurological Symptoms Associated with Endocrine Diseases.- 91. Blood Diseases and Neurologic Symptoms.- 92. Systemic Immunologic Diseases Affecting the Nervous System.- 93. Neurologic Complications in Organ Transplantation.- 94. Cardiac Care in Critically Ill Neurological Patients.

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