Nansen: Explorer and Humanitarian

Nansen: Explorer and Humanitarian

by Marit Fosse, John Fox

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Overview

Visionary, explorer, researcher, diplomat, humanist―Fridtjof Nansen was no ordinary man. Nansen was a dedicated scientist who made an outstanding contribution to marine zoology and oceanography, an audacious adventurer who pushed our knowledge of the Arctic to new frontiers, and an indefatigable savior of human beings displaced by conflict. As a young man Nansen led two successful polar expeditions and became a national hero, participating in the birth pangs of his country―Norway. As a respected international elder statesman he began a new career in 1919 by bringing home hundreds of thousands of prisoners-of-war from the remotest corners of Europe and Siberia. He created the “Nansen Passport” for stateless people under his responsibility and sought to give the Armenian people a secure homeland. For his efforts in favor of prisoners of war, famine relief and Russian refugees, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780761865780
Publisher: Hamilton Books
Publication date: 07/16/2015
Pages: 152
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range: 4 - 8 Years

About the Author

Marit Fosse is a writer, journalist, entrepreneur, and creative manager with a broad-based background in highly competitive and dynamic organizations. She set up Diva International and succeeded in making it a reference magazine for the international community in Geneva, Switzerland, and has published hundreds of articles and co-authored several books. She is also the vice-president of the World Trade Center in Dakar, Senegal, and is involved in developing business in Mali.

John Fox is a former publications officer for the BBC and UNESCO and a retired international civil servant. He is a contributor to and co-editor of Diva: International Diplomat and co-author of The League of Nations: From Collective Security to Global Rearmament.

Table of Contents

Preface
Foreword

Chapter 1: Nansen the Explorer
Early Days
The Crossing of Greenland
The Voyage of the Fram
The Dash for the Pole
Norway Finds a Hero

Chapter 2: Nansen the Diplomat
A New Role
A Trip to Russia and the USA
Nansen and the League of Nations
The Sequel to the War
Setting Up the League of Nations
Sowing the Seeds of Future Problems

Chapter 3: The Prisoners-of-War in Siberia
Getting to Grips with the Problem
Nansen as High Commissioner
Nansen Accepts
Getting the Prisoners Home
Where Were the Prisoners Located?
Financial Matters
Progress at Last
Nansenhilfe
Success
Who Gets the Credit?

Chapter 4: The Russian Revolution and Its Aftermath
Discontent in Russia
Famine in Russia
The Search for Funds
The League Fails to Act
Lessons Learned
Once More, Nansen Intervenes
Work Begins on the Refugee Crisis
How Many Refugees?

Chapter 5: Massacres and Treaties in Asia Minor
The Treaty of Sèvres
The Establishment of the Mandates System
Kurdistan, Iraq, Palestine and Syria
The Fate of the Armenians
Resettling the Armenians
The Commission of Inquiry
Nansen and the Armenians

Chapter 6: Trouble in Asia Minor
The Greeks of Smyrna
An Idea Is Born
Nansen Goes to Constantinople
An Exchange Is Agreed
The Lausanne Conference

Chapter 7: The Nansen Passport
The Origins
Refining the Model
Employment for Refugees
The Nansen Passport in Practice
The Nobel Peace Laureate

Chapter 8: Nansen’s Heritage

Bibliography
Index
Chronology

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