Mind Ecologies: Body, Brain, and World

Mind Ecologies: Body, Brain, and World

by Matthew Crippen, Jay Schulkin


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Pragmatism—a pluralistic philosophy with kinships to phenomenology, Gestalt psychology, and embodied cognitive science—is resurging across disciplines. It has growing relevance to literary studies, the arts, and religious scholarship, along with branches of political theory, not to mention our understanding of science. But philosophies and sciences of mind have lagged behind this pragmatic turn, for the most part retaining a central-nervous-system orientation, which pragmatists reject as too narrow.

Matthew Crippen, a philosopher of mind, and Jay Schulkin, a behavioral neuroscientist, offer an innovative interdisciplinary theory of mind. They argue that pragmatism in combination with phenomenology is not only able to give an unusually persuasive rendering of how we think, feel, experience, and act in the world but also provides the account most consistent with current evidence from cognitive science and neurobiology. Crippen and Schulkin contend that cognition, emotion, and perception are incomplete without action, and in action they fuse together. Not only are we embodied subjects whose thoughts, emotions, and capacities comprise one integrated system; we are living ecologies inseparable from our surroundings, our cultures, and our world. Ranging from social coordination to the role of gut bacteria and visceral organs in mental activity, and touching upon fields such as robotics, artificial intelligence, and plant cognition, Crippen and Schulkin stress the role of aesthetics, emotions, interests, and moods in the ongoing enactment of experience. Synthesizing philosophy, neurobiology, psychology, and the history of science, Mind Ecologies offers a broad and deep exploration of evidence for the embodied, embedded, enacted, and extended nature of mind.

Editorial Reviews

Anthony Chemero

Mind Ecologies is wide-ranging and timely both as a contribution to today's philosophy of cognitive science and as a reminder of historical antecedents. This work will amplify and improve upon recent attempts to show that pragmatism and phenomenological philosophy are relevant to today’s sciences of the mind.

Giovanna Colombetti

This accessibly written book was long due. We finally have a clear and detailed overview of how pragmatism anticipated many key ideas of the field of 4E cognition. One theme that stands out as particularly interesting and refreshing is the pragmatists' emphasis on the affective-evaluative and aesthetic dimension of perception and cognition.

Louise Barrett

Mind Ecologies offers a lively and informative history of Pragmatist thought, revealing how it both anticipated current work in philosophy and the sciences of the mind, and how it can be applied to great effect. Crippen and Schulkin make a convincing case that we are 'living ecologies'⁠—integrated, interdependent systems—not detached, isolated intellects.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780231190251
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Publication date: 10/06/2020
Pages: 336
Sales rank: 854,816
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

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