Metaphysics and the Origin of Species

Metaphysics and the Origin of Species

by Michael T. Ghiselin

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Overview

This sweeping discussion of the philosophy of evolutionary biology is based on the author's revolutionary idea that species are not kinds of organisms but wholes composed of organisms—individuals in the broadest ontological sense. Although the book's primary focus is on species and speciation, it deals with a wide variety of other fundamental units and basic processes and provides a reexamination of the role of classification in biology and other sciences.

In explaining his individuality thesis, Michael T. Ghiselin provides extended discussions of such philosophical topics as definition, the reality of various kinds of groups, and how we classify traits and processes. He develops and applies the implications for general biology and other sciences and makes the case that a better understanding of species and of classification in general puts biologists and paleontologists in a much better position to understand nature in general, and such processes as extinction in particular.


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780791434680
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Publication date: 07/10/1997
Series: SUNY series in Philosophy and Biology
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 377
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Michael T. Ghiselin is the author of Intellectual Compromise, The Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex, and The Triumph of the Darwinian Method. A Senior Research Fellow at the California Academy of Sciences, he is the recipient of a 1981 MacArthur Prize and was awarded the 1970 Pfizer Prize by the History of Science Society.

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Introduction

2. Beyond Language

3. What an Individual Is

4. What an Individual Is Not

5. Some Definitions of 'Definition'

6. Definitions of 'Species' and Some Other Terms

7. Some Alternatives to the Biological Species Concept

8. Objections to the Individuality Thesis

9. Working Out the Analogies

10. Why Do Species Exist?

11. Objectives and Subjective Systems

12. Natural and Artificial Systems

13. Characters and Homologies

14. Laws of Nature

15. The Principles of Historical Inference

16. Embryology as History and as Law

17. The Artifactual Basis of Macroevolution

18. Toward a Real History of Life

Appendix: Aphorisms, Summary and Glossographic

References

Index

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