MCTS Exam Cram
Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring
Covers the critical information you’ll need to know to score higher on Exam 70-643!
Administer Windows Server 2008 and Core Server using the Control Panel, Computer Management Console, Server Management Console, and other system tools
Install roles and features in Windows Server 2008
Use Windows Deployment Services to centrally manage the entire deployment process in any Windows environment
Implement secure, reliable infrastructure for deploying websites and services
Efficiently configure and manage disks, volumes, partitions, and server clusters
Ensure high availability in production environments
Configure Terminal Services RemoteApp, Gateway, load balancing, resources, licensing, client connections, and server options
Configure Windows Media Server and Digital Rights Management to deliver audio and video content
Deploy virtual machines using Hyper-V and Microsoft’s other virtualization solutions
Run Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services to provide effective collaboration
WRITTEN BY A LEADING EXPERT:
Patrick Regan, MCSE, MCSA, MCITP, MCT, A+, Network+, Server+, Linux+, Security+, CTT+, CCNA, CNE, has been a PC technician and network administrator/ engineer for 13 years. Regan has conducted formal and informal training as an IT administrator at Heald Colleges and a product support engineer for Intel. He has received Heald Colleges’ Teacher of the Year award and several awards from Intel. He is currently a senior network engineer at Pacific Coast Companies, where he supports 160 servers and 70 sites. Regan is the author of several books, including MCTS 70-620 Exam Cram: Microsoft Windows Vista, Configuring; IT Essentials: PC Hardware and Software Labs and Study Guide, Third Edition; and Troubleshooting the PC with A+ Preparation, Third Edition.
About the Author
Patrick Regan has been a PC technician, network administrator/engineer, design architect, and security analyst for the past 16 years after graduating with a bachelor’s degree in physics from the University of Akron. He has taught many computer and network classes at local Sacramento colleges (Heald Colleges and MTI Colleges) and participated in and led many projects (Heald Colleges, Intel Corporation, Miles Consulting Corporation, and Pacific Coast Companies). For his teaching accomplishments, he received the Teacher of the Year award from Heald Colleges, and he has received several recognition awards from Intel. Previously, he worked as a product support engineer for the Intel Corporation Customer Service, as a senior network engineer for Virtual Alert supporting the BioTerrorism Readiness suite, and as a senior design architect/engineer and training coordinator for Miles Consulting Corp (MCC), a premiere Microsoft Gold partner and consulting firm. He is currently a senior network engineer at Pacific Coast Companies supporting a large enterprise network.
He holds many certifications, including the Microsoft MCSE, MCSA, MCITP, MCT; CompTIA’s A+, Network+, Server+, Linux+, Security+ and CTT+; Cisco CCNA; and Novell’s CNE and CWNP Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA).
Over the last several years, he has written several textbooks for Prentice Hall Publisher, including Troubleshooting the PC, Networking with Windows 2000 and 2003, Linux, Local Area Networks, Wide Area Networks, and the Acing Series (Acing the A+, Acing the Network+, Acing the Security+, and Acing the Linux+). He has also co-authored the ExamCram 70-290 MCSA/MCSE Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment, 2nd Edition ExamCram and written 70-620 MCSA/MCSE TS: Microsoft Windows Vista, Configuring and the Exam Cram 70-642: Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure, Configuring. In addition, he has completed the study guides for the A+ certification exams for Cisco Press.
You can write with questions and comments to the author at Patrick_Regan@hotmail.com. (Because of the high volume of mail, every message might not receive a reply.)
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Managing Windows Server 2008 37
Server Roles 38
Windows Features 41
Configuring and Managing Windows 44
Control Panel 44
Administrative Tools 46
Server Manager 47
Windows Reliability and Performance Monitor 48
Initial Configuration Tasks 50
Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) 51
Windows Server 2008 Administration Tools for Roles 51
Windows Server 2008 Administration Tools for Features 52
Server Core 52
Shutting and Restarting Server Core 54
Available Control Panel Applets 54
Changing Computer Names and Joining Domains 55
Configuring the Network Connection 56
Running the Administrative Tools 56
Other Useful Tools and Options 57
Exam Prep Questions 59
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 61
Need to Know More? 63
Chapter 2: Windows Deployment and Activation 65
Disk Cloning and the System Preparation Tool 66
Deploying Windows with WIM Images 67
Installing Windows Using Windows System Image Manager 69
Windows Deployment Services 71
Image Types 71
Connecting to a WDS Server 72
Installing Windows Deployment Services 73
Configuring Windows Deployment Services 74
Creating a Captured Image 79
Multicast Support in WDS 81
Discover Images 82
Prestage Client Computers 83
Windows Activation 84
Activation Overview 84
Key Management Services 85
KMS Publishing to DNS 87
Activating Clients Using KMS Activation 89
Volume Activation Management Tool 91
Installing the Volume Activation Management Tool 91
Adding Computers to VAMT 92
Performing MAK Independent Activation 94
Performing MAK Proxy Activation 95
Configure Computers for KMS Activation 96
Perform Local Reactivation 97
Adding Windows Multiple Activation Keys 98
Managing VAMT Data 99
Exam Prep Questions 100
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 103
Need to Know More? 105
Chapter 3: Windows Server 2008 Storage 107
IDE and SCSI Drives 108
Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks (RAID) 108
Network-Attached Storage (NAS) and Storage Area Networks (SAN) 110
Fibre Channel 110
Configuring the iSCSI Initiators 114
Storage Explorer 117
Storage Manager for SANs 117
Disk Partitioning 119
Disk Storage Management 120
Basic Disks 120
Dynamic Disks 121
Managing Basic Disks and Dynamic Disks 121
Moving Disks to Another Computer 127
Basic Partitions 128
Dynamic Volumes 129
Simple Volumes 130
Spanned Volumes 130
Extending Simple or Spanned Volumes 131
Striped Volumes 132
Mirrored Volumes and RAID-5 Volumes 133
Mount Points 138
Exam Prep Questions 139
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 142
Need to Know More? 144
Chapter 4: Web Services Infrastructure and Security 145
Web Pages 146
IIS Manager 7.0 147
Using the Configuration Store 148
Using the Connections Pane and Toolbar 150
Starting or Stopping the Web Server 150
Creating Websites 151
Adding a Virtual Directory 152
Using Applications and Application Pools 153
Recycling a Worker Process 155
Configuring IIS 7.0 with IIS Manager 156
Default Documents and Directory Listings 158
Handlers and Modules 159
Configuring IIS Settings Using the appcmd Commands 163
Deploying an ASP.NET Web Application Using xcopy 170
IIS Security 172
URL Authorization Rules 172
Secure Sockets Layer and Digital Certificates 175
Machine Key 180
Delegate Permissions 180
ASP.NET Code Access Security 182
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) 183
Shared Configuration 188
IIS 7.0 Backup 188
File Transfer Protocol 189
WMI Command-Line Tool 191
Troubleshooting IIS Problems 191
Failed Request Tracing 192
Viewing Worker Processes 195
Exam Prep Questions 198
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 204
Need to Know More? 207
Chapter 5: Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 209
Installing and Configuring WSS 211
Planning SharePoint Services 212
Installing SharePoint Services 213
Upgrading SharePoint Services 213
SharePoint Products and Technology Configuration Wizard 214
SharePoint 3.0 Central Administration 215
Operations Settings 215
Application Management Settings 221
Using the Psconfig.exe Command-Line Tool 231
Using the Stsadm Command 232
Managing WSS Sites 233
Users, Groups, and Permissions 234
Recycle Bin 236
Document Library 237
Troubleshooting WSS 241
Exam Prep Questions 242
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 246
Need to Know More? 248
Chapter 6: Windows Media Server 249
Streaming Media 250
Multiple Bit Rate Streaming (MBR) 251
TCP Versus UDP 251
Unicast Versus Multicast 252
Data Transfer Protocols 252
Installing Windows Media Services 254
Implementing Content Streaming 255
Content Streaming Features 256
Implementing On-Demand Publishing 257
Live Content Streaming 260
Publishing Point Properties 261
Announcement Files 262
SMIL-Based Playlists 262
Advertisements for Publishing Points 262
Security in Windows Media Server 263
Troubleshooting Windows Media Services 264
Digital Rights Management (DRM) 265
Exam Prep Questions 267
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 269
Need to Know More? 270
Chapter 7: High Availability 271
Hardware Redundancy 272
Hot-Add and Hot-Replace Memory and Processors 273
Failover Clustering 273
Failover Clustering System Requirements 275
Installing the Failover Clustering Feature 276
Using the Cluster Validation Tests 276
Creating the Cluster 278
Configuring the Cluster 280
Changing Active Nodes 282
Cluster Network Role and Type 283
Verifying that an IP Address Resource Can Come Online 283
Cluster Resources 284
Quorum Configuration 285
Owners and Failback 286
Troubleshooting Cluster Issues 287
Network Load Balancing 288
NLB Options 289
Installing and Configuring NLB 290
Stopping or Starting Handling Network Load Balancing Cluster Traffic 294
Exam Prep Questions 296
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 299
Need to Know More? 300
Chapter 8: Terminal Services 301
Remote Desktop 303
Remote Desktop for Server Core 303
Remote Desktop Connection 304
Using the mstsc Command: 306
The Remote Desktop Protocol File 307
Using Group Policies with RDC 307
Remote Desktops Snap-In 308
License Management System 309
License Server Discovery and User-Based License Tracking 312
Migrating Licenses 312
Troubleshooting License Issues 313
Configuring and Managing Terminal Services 313
Using Terminal Services Command-Line Tools 318
Single Sign-On 319
TS Remote Applications 320
TS Web Access 322
TS Gateway 324
Installing TS Gateway 325
Connection Authorization and Resource
Authorization Policies 325
Monitoring TS Gateway 328
Group Policy Settings for TS Gateway 329
Load Balancing Terminal Servers 329
Configuring Network Load Balancing with Terminal Servers 329
TS Session Broker 330
Terminal Server Profiles 332
Terminal Services Printing 333
Managing Terminal Services by Using Windows System Resource Manager 334
Creating Resource Allocation Policies 334
Running Managing State or Profiling State 335
Importing and Exporting Criteria and Resource Allocation Policies 336
Exam Prep Questions 337
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 342
Need to Know More? 344
Chapter 9: Virtual Machines 347
Hyper-V Overview 348
Hyper-V Features 348
Supported Client Operating Systems 349
Hyper-V Architecture 350
Virtual Server File Structure 351
Installing Hyper-V 352
Managing Virtual Servers 353
Using Vmconnect.exe to Connect to a Virtual Machine 354
System Center Virtual Machine Manager 354
Creating Virtual Machines 355
Managing Virtual Machines 357
Dynamically Expanded and Fixed Virtual Hard Disks 357
Differencing Disk 359
Save States 360
Managing Virtual Networks and Network Cards 360
Virtual LAN Identification 364
Using High-Availability Features 364
Managing Server Core and Hyper-V 365
Exam Prep Questions 366
Answers to Exam Prep Questions 368
Need to Know More? 369
Chapter 10: Practice Exam 1 371
Chapter 11: Answers to Practice Exam 1 385
Answers at a Glance 385
Answers with Explanations 386
Chapter 12: Practice Exam 2 395
Chapter 13: Answers to Practice Exam 2 411
Answers at a Glance 411
Answers with Explanations 412
Welcome to the 70-643 Exam Cram! Whether this book is your first or your 15th Exam Cram series book, you'll find information here that will help ensure your success as you pursue knowledge, experience, and certification. This book aims to help you get ready to take and pass the Microsoft certification exam "TS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring" (Exam 70-643). After you pass this exam, you will earn the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008 Applications certification.
This introduction explains Microsoft's certification programs in general and talks about how the Exam Cram series can help you prepare for Microsoft's latest certification exams. Then Chapters 1 through 9 are designed to remind you of everything you'll need to know to pass the 70-643 certification exam. The two sample tests at the end of the book (Chapters 10 through 13) should give you a reasonably accurate assessment of your knowledge and, yes, we've provided the answers and their explanations for these sample tests. Read the book, understand the material, and you'll stand a very good chance of passing the real test.
Exam Cram books help you understand and appreciate the subjects and materials you need to know to pass Microsoft certification exams. Exam Cram books are aimed strictly at test preparation and review. They do not teach you everything you need to know about a subject. Instead, the author streamlines and highlights the pertinent information by presenting and dissecting the questions and problems he's discovered that you're likely to encounter on a Microsoft test.
Nevertheless, to completely prepare yourself for any Microsoft test, we recommend that you begin by taking the "Self Assessment" that is included in this book, immediately following this introduction. The self-assessment tool helps you evaluate your knowledge base against the requirements for becoming a Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) and will be the first step in earning more advanced certifications, including Microsoft's IT Professional and Professional Developer (MCITP and MCPD) and Architect (MCA).
Based on what you learn from the self assessment, you might decide to begin your studies with classroom training or some background reading. On the other hand, you might decide to pick up and read one of the many study guides available from Microsoft or third-party vendors. We also recommend that you supplement your study program with visits to http://www.examcram.com to receive additional practice questions, get advice, and track the Windows certification programs.
This book also offers you an added bonus of access to Exam Cram practice tests online. This software simulates the Microsoft testing environment with similar types of questions to those you're likely to see on the actual Microsoft exam. We also strongly recommend that you install, configure, and play around with the Microsoft Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008 operating systems. Nothing beats hands-on experience and familiarity when it comes to understanding the questions you're likely to encounter on a certification test. Book learning is essential, but without a doubt, hands-on experience is the best teacher of all!
The Microsoft Certification Program
Microsoft currently offers multiple certification titles, each of which boasts its own special abbreviation. (As a certification candidate and computer professional, you need to have a high tolerance for acronyms.)
The certification for end-users is
- Microsoft Office Specialists: For professionals recognized for demonstrating advanced skills with Microsoft desktop software (including Microsoft Office).
The older certifications associated with the Windows Server 2003 operating system and related network infrastructure are
- Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP): For professionals who have the skills to successfully implement Microsoft products (such as Windows XP or Windows Server 2003) or technology as part of a business solution in an organization.
- Microsoft Certified Desktop Support Technician (MCDST): For professionals who have the technical and customer service skills to troubleshoot hardware and software operation issues in Microsoft Windows environments.
- Microsoft Certified Systems Administrators (MCSA): For professionals who administer network and systems environments based on the Microsoft Windows operating systems. Specializations include MCSA: Messaging and MCSA: Security.
- Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE): For professionals who design and implement an infrastructure solution that is based on the Windows operating system and Microsoft Windows Server System software. Specializations include MCSE: Messaging and MCSE: Security.
The newer certifications that are based on Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, and related server products are
- Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS): For professionals who target specific technologies and distinguish themselves by demonstrating in-depth knowledge and expertise in the various Microsoft specialized technologies. The MCTS is a replacement for the MCP program.
- Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP): For professionals who demonstrate comprehensive skills in planning, deploying, supporting, maintaining, and optimizing IT infrastructures. The MCITP is a replacement for the MCSA and MCSE programs.
- Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA): For professionals who are identified as top industry experts in IT architecture and who use multiple technologies to solve business problems and provide business metrics and measurements. Candidates for the MCA program are required to present to a review boardconsisting of previously certified architectsto earn the certification.
For those who want to become or who are database professionals, the following certifications are based on the Microsoft SQL Server products:
- Microsoft Certified Database Administrators (MCDBA): For professionals who design, implement, and administer Microsoft SQL Server databases.
For developers and programmers, the following certifications are based on the Microsoft .NET Framework and Visual Studio products:
- Microsoft Certified Professional Developer (MCPD): For professionals who are recognized as expert Windows Application Developers, Web Application Developers, or Enterprise Applications Developers. They demonstrate that you can build rich applications that target a variety of platforms such as the Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0.
- Microsoft Certified Application Developers (MCAD): For professionals who use Microsoft technologies to develop and maintain department-level applications, components, web or desktop clients, or back-end data services.
For trainers and curriculum developers, the following certifications are available:
- Microsoft Certified Trainer (MCT): For qualified instructors who are certified by Microsoft to deliver Microsoft training courses to IT professionals and developers.
- Microsoft Certified Learning Consultant (MCLC): Recognizes MCTs whose job roles have grown to include frequent consultative engagements with their customers and who are experts in delivering customized learning solutions that positively affect customer return on investment (ROI).
In 2008, Microsoft introduced two advanced certifications. The Master certifications identify individuals with the deepest technical skills available on a particular Microsoft product such as Windows Server 2008, Exchange 2007, and SQL Server 2008. To achieve Master certification, candidates must attend several required sessions, successfully complete all in-class (written and lab) exams, and successfully complete a qualification lab exam.
The highest level certification is the Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA) program focusing on IT architecture. Microsoft Certified Architects have proven experience with delivering solutions and can communicate effectively with business, architecture, and technology professionals. These professionals have three or more years of advanced IT architecture experience and possess strong technical and leadership skills. Candidates are required to pass a rigorous Review Board interview conducted by a panel of experts.
The best place to keep tabs on all Microsoft certifications is the following website:
Microsoft changes their website often, so if this URL does not work in the future, you should use the Search tool on Microsoft's site to find more information on a particular certification.
Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist
Technology Specialist certifications enable professionals to target specific technologies and to distinguish themselves by demonstrating in-depth knowledge and expertise in their specialized technologies. Microsoft Technology Specialists are consistently capable of implementing, building, troubleshooting, and debugging a particular Microsoft technology.
At the time of the writing of this book, there are 28 Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) certifications:
Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2008, Business Intelligence Development and Maintenance
Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2008, Database Development
Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2008, Implementation and Maintenance
Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 3.5, Windows Presentation Foundation Applications
Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 3.5, Windows Communication Foundation Applications
Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 3.5, Windows Workflow Foundation Applications
Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 2.0, Web Applications
Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 2.0, Windows Applications
Technology Specialist: .NET Framework 2.0, Distributed Applications
Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2005
Technology Specialist: SQL Server 2005, Business Intelligence
Technology Specialist: BizTalk Server 2006
Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office Project Server 2007, Enterprise Project Management
Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office Project 2007, Project Management
Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office Live Communications Server 2005
Technology Specialist: Microsoft Exchange Server 2007, Configuration
Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007, Configuration
Technology Specialist: Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007, Application Development
Technology Specialist: Windows Mobile 5.0, Applications
Technology Specialist: Windows Mobile 5.0, Implementation and Management
Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2003, Hosted Environments, Configuration, and Management
Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008, Active Directory Configuration
Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008, Network Infrastructure Configuration
Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008, Applications Infrastructure Configuration
Technology Specialist: Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, Application Development
Technology Specialist: Windows SharePoint Services 3.0, Configuration
Technology Specialist: Windows Vista and 2007 Microsoft Office System Desktops, Deployment and Maintenance
Technology Specialist: Windows Vista, Configuration
Microsoft Certified IT Professional
The new Microsoft Certified IT Professional (MCITP) credential lets you highlight your specific area of expertise. Now, you can easily distinguish yourself as an expert in database administration, database development, business intelligence, or support. At the time of this writing, the following Microsoft Certified IT Professional certifications exist:
IT Professional: Database Developer
IT Professional: Database Administrator
IT Professional: Business Intelligence Developer
IT Professional: Enterprise Support Technician
IT Professional: Consumer Support Technician
IT Professional: Database Developer 2008
IT Professional: Database Administrator 2008
IT Professional: Enterprise Messaging Administrator
IT Professional: Enterprise Project Management with Microsoft Office Project Server 2007
IT Professional: Enterprise Administrator
IT Professional: Server Administrator
The MCTS on Windows Server 2008 helps you and your organization take advantage of advanced server technology with the power to increase the flexibility of your server infrastructure, save time, and reduce costs. Transition certifications are available today for Windows Server 2003 certified professionals, while full certification paths will be available soon after the Windows Server 2008 product release. For more details about these certifications, visit the following website:
If the URL is no longer available, don't forget to search for MCTS and Windows Server 2008 with the Microsoft search tool found on the Microsoft website.
Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure
The Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist certifications enable professionals to target specific technologies and distinguish themselves by demonstrating in-depth knowledge and expertise in their specialized technologies. A Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist in Windows Vista, Configuration possesses the knowledge and skills to configure Windows Vista for optimal performance on the desktop, including installing, managing, and configuring the new security, network, and application features in Windows Vista.
To earn the Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist: Windows Vista, Configuration, you must pass one exam that focuses on supporting end-user issues about network connectivity, security, applications installation and compatibility, and logon problems that include account issues and password resets:
Exam 70-643: TS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuration
If you decide to take Microsoft recognized class, you would take several classes to cover all of the material found on this exam. The preparation guide (including exam objectives) for Exam 70-643 TS: Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuration can be found at
Taking a Certification Exam
After you prepare for your exam, you need to register with a testing center. At the time of this writing, the cost to take exam 70-643 is (U.S.) $125, and if you don't pass, you can take each again for an additional (U.S.) $125 for each attempt. In the United States and Canada, tests are administered by Prometric. Here's how you can contact them:
- Prometric: You can sign up for a test through the company's website, http://www.2test.com or http://www.prometric.com. Within the United States and Canada, you can register by phone at 800-755-3926. If you live outside this region, you should check the Prometric website for the appropriate phone number.
To sign up for a test, you must possess a valid credit card or contact Prometric for mailing instructions to send a check (in the United States). Only when payment is verified, or a check has cleared, can you actually register for a test.
To schedule an exam, you need to call the appropriate phone number or visit the Prometric websites at least one day in advance. To cancel or reschedule an exam in the United States or Canada, you must call before 3 p.m. Eastern time the day before the scheduled test time (or you might be charged, even if you don't show up to take the test). When you want to schedule a test, you should have the following information ready:
- Your name, organization, and mailing address.
- Your Microsoft test ID. (In the United States, this means your Social Security number; citizens of other countries should call ahead to find out what type of identification number is required to register for a test.)
- The name and number of the exam you want to take.
- A method of payment. (As mentioned previously, a credit card is the most convenient method, but alternate means can be arranged in advance, if necessary.)
After you sign up for a test, you are told when and where the test is scheduled. You should arrive at least 15 minutes early. You must supply two forms of identificationone of which must be a photo IDto be admitted into the testing room.
Tracking Certification Status
As soon as you pass a qualified Microsoft exam and earn a professional certification, Microsoft generates transcripts that indicate which exams you have passed. You can view a copy of your transcript at any time by going to the MCP secured site (this site may change as the MCP is retired) and selecting the Transcript Tool. This tool enables you to print a copy of your current transcript and confirm your certification status.
After you pass the necessary set of exams, you are certified. Official certification is normally granted after six to eight weeks, so you shouldn't expect to get your credentials overnight. The package for official certification that arrives includes a Welcome Kit that contains a number of elements (see Microsoft's website for other benefits of specific certifications):
- A certificate that is suitable for framing, along with a wallet card and lapel pin.
- A license to use the related certification logo, which means you can use the logo in advertisements, promotions, and documents, and on letterhead, business cards, and so on. Along with the license comes a logo sheet, which includes camera-ready artwork. (Note that before you use any of the artwork, you must sign and return a licensing agreement that indicates you'll abide by its terms and conditions.)
- Access to the Microsoft Certified Professional Magazine Online website, which provides ongoing data about testing and certification activities, requirements, changes to the MCP program, and security-related information on Microsoft products.
Many people believe that the benefits of MCP certification go well beyond the perks that Microsoft provides to newly anointed members of this elite group. We're starting to see more job listings that request or require applicants to have Microsoft and other related certifications, and many individuals who complete Microsoft certification programs can qualify for increases in pay and responsibility. As an official recognition of hard work and broad knowledge, a certification credential is a badge of honor in many IT organizations.
About This Book
Each topical Exam Cram chapter follows a regular structure and contains graphical cues about important or useful information. Here's the structure of a typical chapter:
- Opening hotlists: Each chapter begins with a list of the terms, tools, and techniques that you must learn and understand before you can be fully conversant with that chapter's subject matter. The hotlists are followed with one or two introductory paragraphs to set the stage for the rest of the chapter.
- Topical coverage: After the opening hotlists and introductory text, each chapter covers a series of topics related to the chapter's subject. Throughout that section, we highlight topics or concepts that are likely to appear on a test, using a special element called an Exam Alert:
- Exam prep questions: Although we talk about test questions and topics throughout the book, the section at the end of each chapter presents a series of mock test questions and explanations of both correct and incorrect answers.
- Details and resources: Every chapter ends with a section titled "Need to Know More?" That section provides direct pointers to Microsoft and third-party resources that offer more details on the chapter's subject. In addition, that section tries to rank or at least rate the quality and thoroughness of the topic's coverage by each resource. If you find a resource you like in that collection, you should use it, but you shouldn't feel compelled to use all the resources. On the other hand, we recommend only resources that we use on a regular basis, so none of our recommendations will be a waste of your time or money (but purchasing them all at once probably represents an expense that many network administrators and Microsoft certification candidates might find hard to justify).
Warning - This is what an Exam Alert looks like. Normally, an alert stresses concepts, terms, software, or activities that are likely to relate to one or more certification-test questions. For that reason, we think any information in an Exam Alert is worthy of unusual attentiveness on your part.
You should pay close attention to material flagged in Exam Alerts; although all the information in this book pertains to what you need to know to pass the exam, Exam Alerts contain information that is really important. You'll find what appears in the meat of each chapter to be worth knowing, too, when preparing for the test. Because this book's material is very condensed, we recommend that you use this book along with other resources to achieve the maximum benefit.
In addition to the Exam Alerts, we provide tips that will help you build a better foundation for Windows Server 2008 knowledge. Although the tip information might not be on the exam, it is certainly related and it will help you become a better-informed test taker.
Tip - This is how tips are formatted. Keep your eyes open for these, and you'll become a Windows Server 2008 guru in no time!
Note - This is how notes are formatted. Notes direct your attention to important pieces of information that relate to Windows Server 2008 and Microsoft certification.
The bulk of the book follows this chapter structure, but we'd like to point out a few other elements. Chapters 10 to 13two practice exams and their answers (with detailed explanations)help you assess your understanding of the material presented throughout the book to ensure that you're ready for the exam.
Finally, the tear-out Cram Sheet attached next to the inside front cover of this Exam Cram book represents a condensed collection of facts and tips that we think are essential for you to memorize before taking the test. Because you can dump this information out of your head onto a sheet of paper before taking the exam, you can master this information by brute force; you need to remember it only long enough to write it down when you walk into the testing room. You might even want to look at it in the car or in the lobby of the testing center just before you walk in to take the exam.
We've structured the topics in this book to build on one another. Therefore, some topics in later chapters make the most sense after you've read earlier chapters. That's why we suggest that you read this book from front to back for your initial test preparation. If you need to brush up on a topic or if you have to bone up for a second try, you can use the index or table of contents to go straight to the topics and questions that you need to study. Beyond helping you prepare for the test, we think you'll find this book useful as a tightly focused reference to some of the most important aspects of Windows Vista.
The book uses the following typographical conventions:
- Command-line strings that are meant to be typed into the computer are displayed in monospace text, such as
- New terms are introduced in italics.
Given all the book's elements and its specialized focus, we've tried to create a tool that will help you prepare for and pass Microsoft Exam 70-643. Please share with us your feedback on the book, especially if you have ideas about how we can improve it for future test takers. Send your questions or comments about this book via email to firstname.lastname@example.org . We'll consider everything you say carefully, and we'll respond to all suggestions. For more information on this book and other Que Certification titles, visit our website at http://www.quepublishing.com. You should also check out the new Exam Cram website at http://www.examcram.com, where you'll find information, updates, commentary, and certification information.
Exam Layout and Design
Historically, there have been six types of question formats on Microsoft certification exams. These types of questions continue to appear on current Microsoft tests, and they are discussed in the following sections:
- Multiple-choice, single answer
- Multiple-choice, multiple answers
- Build-list-and-reorder (list prioritization)
- Select-and-place (drag-and-drop)
The Single-Answer and Multiple-Answer Multiple-Choice Question Formats
Some exam questions require you to select a single answer, whereas others ask you to select multiple correct answers. The following multiple-choice question requires you to select a single correct answer. Following the question is a brief summary of each potential answer and why it is either right or wrong.
- You have three domains connected to an empty root domain under one contiguous domain name: tutu.com. This organization is formed into a forest arrangement, with a secondary domain called frog.com. How many schema masters exist for this arrangement?
The correct answer is A because only one schema master is necessary for a forest arrangement. The other answers (B, C, and D) are misleading because they try to make you believe that schema masters might be in each domain or perhaps that you should have one for each contiguous namespace domain.
This sample question format corresponds closely to the Microsoft certification exam format. The only difference is that on the exam, the questions are not followed by answers and their explanations. To select an answer, you position the cursor over the option button next to the answer you want to select. Then you click the mouse button to select the answer.
Let's examine a question for which one or more answers are possible. This type of question provides check boxes rather than option buttons for marking all appropriate selections.
- What can you use to seize FSMO roles? (Choose two.)
- The ntdsutil.exe utility
- The Active Directory Users and Computers console
- The secedit.exe utility
- The utilman.exe utility
Answers A and B are correct. You can seize roles from a server that is still running through the Active Directory Users and Computers console, or in the case of a server failure, you can seize roles with the ntdsutil.exe utility. You use the secedit.exe utility to force group policies into play; therefore, Answer C is incorrect. The utilman.exe tool manages accessibility settings in Windows Server 2003; therefore, Answer D is incorrect.
This particular question requires two answers. Microsoft sometimes gives partial credit for partially correct answers. For Question 2, you have to mark the check boxes next to Answers A and B to obtain credit for a correct answer. Notice that to choose the right answers you also need to know why the other answers are wrong.
The Build-List-and-Reorder Question Format
Questions in the build-list-and-reorder format present two lists of itemsone on the left and one on the right. To answer the question, you must move items from the list on the right to the list on the left. The final list must then be reordered into a specific sequence.
These questions generally sound like this: "From the following list of choices, pick the choices that answer the question. Arrange the list in a certain order." Question 3 shows an example of how these questions would look.
- From the following list of famous people, choose those who have been elected president of the United States. Arrange the list in the order in which the presidents served.
- Thomas Jefferson
- Ben Franklin
- Abe Lincoln
- George Washington
- Andrew Jackson
- Paul Revere
The correct answer is
- George Washington
- Thomas Jefferson
- Andrew Jackson
- Abe Lincoln
On an actual exam, the entire list of famous people would initially appear in the list on the right. You would move the four correct answers to the list on the left and then reorder the list on the left. Notice that the answer to Question 3 does not include all the items from the initial list. However, that might not always be the case.
To move an item from the right list to the left list on the exam, you first select the item by clicking it, and then you click the Add button (left arrow). After you move an item from one list to the other, you can move the item back by first selecting the item and then clicking the appropriate button (either the Add button or the Remove button). After you move items to the left list, you can reorder an item by selecting the item and clicking the up or down arrow buttons.
The Create-a-Tree Question Format
Questions in the create-a-tree format also present two listsone on the left side of the screen and one on the right side of the screen. The list on the right consists of individual items, and the list on the left consists of nodes in a tree. To answer the question, you must move items from the list on the right to the appropriate node in the tree.
These questions can best be characterized as simply a matching exercise. Items from the list on the right are placed under the appropriate category in the list on the left. Question 4 shows an example of how they would look.
- The calendar year is divided into four seasons:
Identify the season during which each of the following holidays occurs:
- Fourth of July
- Labor Day
- Flag Day
- Memorial Day
- Washington's Birthday
The correct answers are
- Washington's Birthday
- Flag Day
- Memorial Day
- Fourth of July
- Labor Day
In this case, you use all the items in the list. However, that might not always be the case.
To move an item from the right list to its appropriate location in the tree, you must first select the appropriate tree node by clicking it. Then, you select the item to be moved and click the Add button. After you add one or more items to a tree node, the node appears with a + icon to the left of the node name. You can click this icon to expand the node and view the items you have added. If you have added any item to the wrong tree node, you can remove it by selecting it and clicking the Remove button.
The Drag-and-Connect Question Format
Questions in the drag-and-connect format present a group of objects and a list of "connections." To answer the question, you must move the appropriate connections between the objects.
This type of question is best described with graphics. For this type of question, it isn't necessary to use every object, and you can use each connection multiple times.
The Select-and-Place Question Format
Questions in the select-and-place (drag-and-drop) format display a diagram with blank boxes and a list of labels that you need to drag to correctly fill in the blank boxes. To answer such a question, you must move the labels to their appropriate positions on the diagram. This type of question is best described with graphics.
Special Exam Question Formats
Starting with the exams released for the Windows Server 2003 MCSE track, Microsoft introduced several new question types in addition to the more traditional types of questions that are still widely used on all Microsoft exams. These innovative question types have been highly researched and tested by Microsoft before they were chosen to be included in many of the "refreshed" exams for the MCSA/MCSE on the Windows 2000 track and for the new exams on the Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 track. These special question types are as follows:
- Hot area questions
- Active screen questions
- Drag-and-droptype questions
- Simulation questions
Hot Area Question Types
Hot area questions ask you to indicate the correct answer by selecting one or more elements within a graphic. For example, you might be asked to select multiple objects within a list.
Active Screen Question Types
Active screen questions ask you to configure a dialog box by modifying one or more elements. These types of questions offer a realistic interface in which you must properly configure various settings, just as you would within the actual software product. For example, you might be asked to select the proper option within a drop-down list box.
Drag-and-Drop Question Types
New drag-and-drop questions ask you to drag source elements to their appropriate corresponding targets within a work area. These types of questions test your knowledge of specific concepts and their definitions or descriptions. For example, you might be asked to match a description of a computer program to the actual software application.
Simulation Question Types
Simulation questions ask you to indicate the correct answer by performing specific tasks, such as configuring and installing network adapters or drivers, configuring and controlling access to files, or troubleshooting hardware devices. Many of the tasks that systems administrators and systems engineers perform can be presented more accurately in simulations than in most traditional exam question types.
Microsoft's Testing Formats
Currently, Microsoft uses three different testing formats:
- Fixed length
- Short form
- Case study
Other Microsoft exams employ advanced testing capabilities that might not be immediately apparent. Although the questions that appear are primarily multiple choice, the logic that drives them is more complex than that in older Microsoft tests, which use a fixed sequence of questions, called a fixed-length test. Some questions employ a sophisticated user interface, which Microsoft calls a simulation, to test your knowledge of the software and systems under consideration in a more-or-less "live" environment that behaves just like the real thing. You should review the Microsoft Learning, Reference, and Certification Web pages at http://www.microsoft.com/learning/default.mspx for more detailed information.
In the future, Microsoft might choose to create exams using a well-known technique called adaptive testing to establish a test taker's level of knowledge and product competence. In general, adaptive exams might look the same as fixed-length exams, but they discover the level of difficulty at which an individual test taker can correctly answer questions. Test takers with differing levels of knowledge or ability therefore see different sets of questions; individuals with high levels of knowledge or ability are presented with a smaller set of more difficult questions, whereas individuals with lower levels of knowledge are presented with a larger set of easier questions. Two individuals might answer the same percentage of questions correctly, but the test taker with a higher knowledge or ability level will score higher because his or her questions are worth more. Also, the lower-level test taker will probably answer more questions than his or her more knowledgeable colleague. This explains why adaptive tests use ranges of values to define the number of questions and the amount of time it takes to complete the test.
Note - Microsoft does not offer adaptive exams at the time of this book's publication.
Most adaptive tests work by evaluating the test taker's most recent answer. A correct answer leads to a more difficult question, and the test software's estimate of the test taker's knowledge and ability level is raised. An incorrect answer leads to a less difficult question, and the test software's estimate of the test taker's knowledge and ability level is lowered. This process continues until the test targets the test taker's true ability level. The exam ends when the test taker's level of accuracy meets a statistically acceptable value (in other words, when his or her performance demonstrates an acceptable level of knowledge and ability) or when the maximum number of items has been presented. (In which case, the test taker is almost certain to fail.)
Microsoft has also introduced a short-form test for its most popular tests. This test delivers 25 to 30 questions to its takers, giving them exactly 60 minutes to complete the exam. This type of exam is similar to a fixed-length test in that it allows readers to jump ahead or return to earlier questions and to cycle through the questions until the test is done. Microsoft does not use adaptive logic in short-form tests, but it claims that statistical analysis of the question pool is such that the 25 to 30 questions delivered during a short-form exam conclusively measure a test taker's knowledge of the subject matter in much the same way as an adaptive test. You can think of the short-form test as a kind of "greatest hits exam" (that is, it covers the most important questions) version of an adaptive exam on the same topic.
Because you won't know which form the Microsoft exam might take, you should be prepared for either a fixed-length or short-form exam. The layout is the same for both fixed-length and short-form testsyou are not penalized for guessing the correct answer(s) to questions, no matter how many questions you answer incorrectly.
The Fixed-Length and Short-Form Exam Strategy
One tactic that has worked well for many test takers is to answer each question as well as you can before time expires on the exam. Some questions you will undoubtedly feel better equipped to answer correctly than others; however, you should still select an answer to each question as you proceed through the exam. You should click the Mark for Review check box for any question that you are unsure of. In this way, at least you have answered all the questions in case you run out of time. Unanswered questions are automatically scored as incorrect; answers that are guessed at have at least some chance of being scored as correct. If time permits, after you answer all questions you can revisit each question that you have marked for review. This strategy also enables you to possibly gain some insight into questions that you are unsure of by picking up some clues from the other questions on the exam.
Tip - Some people prefer to read over the exam completely before answering the trickier questions; sometimes, information supplied in later questions sheds more light on earlier questions. At other times, information you read in later questions might jog your memory about facts, figures, or behavior that helps you answer earlier questions. Either way, you could come out ahead if you answer only those questions on the first pass that you're absolutely confident about. However, be careful not to run out of time if you choose this strategy!
Fortunately, the Microsoft exam software for fixed-length and short-form tests makes the multiple-visit approach easy to implement. At the top-left corner of each question is a check box that permits you to mark that question for a later visit.
Here are some question-handling strategies that apply to fixed-length and short-form tests. Use them if you have the chance:
- When returning to a question after your initial read-through, read every word again; otherwise, your mind can miss important details. Sometimes, revisiting a question after turning your attention elsewhere lets you see something you missed, but the strong tendency is to see only what you've seen before. Avoid that tendency at all costs.
- If you return to a question more than twice, articulate to yourself what you don't understand about the question, why answers don't appear to make sense, or what appears to be missing. If you chew on the subject awhile, your subconscious might provide the missing details, or you might notice a "trick" that points to the right answer.
As you work your way through the exam, another counter that Microsoft provides will come in handythe number of questions completed and questions outstanding. For fixed-length and short-form tests, it's wise to budget your time by making sure that you've completed one-quarter of the questions one-quarter of the way through the exam period and three-quarters of the questions three-quarters of the way through.
If you're not finished when only five minutes remain, use that time to guess your way through any remaining questions. Remember, guessing is potentially more valuable than not answering. Blank answers are always wrong, but a guess might turn out to be right. If you don't have a clue about any of the remaining questions, pick answers at random or choose all As, Bs, and so on. (Choosing the same answer for a series of question all but guarantees you'll get most of them wrong, but it also means you're more likely to get a small percentage of them correct.)
Warning - At the very end of your exam period, you're better off guessing than leaving questions unanswered.
For those questions that have only one right answer, usually two or three of the answers will be obviously incorrect and two of the answers will be plausible. Unless the answer leaps out at you (if it does, reread the question to look for a trick; sometimes those are the ones you're most likely to get wrong), begin the process of answering by eliminating those answers that are most obviously wrong.
You can usually immediately eliminate at least one answer out of the possible choices for a question because it matches one of these conditions:
- The answer does not apply to the situation.
- The answer describes a nonexistent issue, an invalid option, or an imaginary state.
After you eliminate all answers that are obviously wrong, you can apply your retained knowledge to eliminate further answers. You should look for items that sound correct but refer to actions, commands, or features that are not present or not available in the situation that the question describes.
If you're still faced with a blind guess among two or more potentially correct answers, reread the question. Picture how each of the possible remaining answers would alter the situation. Be especially sensitive to terminology; sometimes the choice of words (for example, "remove" instead of "disable") can make the difference between a right answer and a wrong one.
You should guess at an answer only after you've exhausted your ability to eliminate answers and you are still unclear about which of the remaining possibilities is correct. An unanswered question offers you no points, but guessing gives you at least some chance of getting a question right; just don't be too hasty when making a blind guess.
Numerous questions assume that the default behavior of a particular utility is in effect. If you know the defaults and understand what they mean, this knowledge will help you cut through many of the trickier questions. Simple "final" actions might be critical as well. If you must restart a utility before proposed changes take effect, a correct answer might require this step as well.
Mastering the Test-Taking Mindset
In the final analysis, knowledge breeds confidence, and confidence breeds success. If you study the materials in this book carefully and review all the practice questions at the end of each chapter, you should become aware of the areas where you need additional learning and study.
After you've worked your way through the book, take the practice exams in the back of the book. Taking these tests provides a reality check and helps you identify areas to study further. Make sure you follow up and review materials related to the questions you miss on the practice exams before scheduling a real exam. Don't schedule your exam appointment until after you've thoroughly studied the material and you feel comfortable with the whole scope of the practice exams. You should score 80% or better on the practice exams before proceeding to the real thing. (Otherwise, obtain some additional practice tests so that you can keep trying until you hit this magic number.)
Tip - If you take a practice exam and don't get at least 80% of the questions correct, keep practicing. Microsoft provides links to practice-exam providers and also self-assessment exams at http://www.microsoft.com/learning/mcpexams/prepare/default.asp.
Armed with the information in this book and with the determination to augment your knowledge, you should be able to pass the certification exam. However, you need to work at it, or you'll spend the exam fee more than once before you finally pass. If you prepare seriously, you should do well.
The next section covers other sources that you can use to prepare for Microsoft certification exams.
A good source of information about Microsoft certification exams comes from Microsoft itself. Because its products and technologiesand the exams that go with themchange frequently, the best place to go for exam-related information is online.
Microsoft offers training, certification, and other learning-related information and links at the http://www.microsoft.com/learning web address. If you haven't already visited the Microsoft Training and Certification website, you should do so right now. Microsoft's Training and Certification home page resides at http://www.microsoft.com/learning/default.mspx.
Coping with Change on the Web - Sooner or later, all the information we've shared with you about the Microsoft Certified Professional pages and the other web-based resources mentioned throughout the rest of this book will go stale or be replaced by newer information. In some cases, the URLs you find here might lead you to their replacements; in other cases, the URLs will go nowhere, leaving you with the dreaded "404 File not found" error message. When that happens, don't give up.
There's always a way to find what you want on the web if you're willing to invest some time and energy. Most large or complex websitesand Microsoft's qualifies on both countsoffer search engines. All of Microsoft's web pages have a Search button at the top edge of the page. As long as you can get to Microsoft's site (it should stay at http://www.microsoft.com for a long time), you can use the Search button to find what you need.
The more focused (or specific) that you can make a search request, the more likely the results will include information you can use. For example, you can search for the string
?"training and certification"
to produce a lot of data about the subject in general, but if you're looking for the preparation guide for Exam 70-643, Windows Server 2008 Applications Infrastructure, Configuring, you'll be more likely to get there quickly if you use a search string similar to the following:
?"Exam 70-643" AND "preparation guide"
Likewise, if you want to find the Training and Certification downloads, you should try a search string such as this:
?"training and certification" AND "download page"
Finally, you should feel free to use general search toolssuch as http://www.google.com, http://www.yahoo.com, http://www.excite.com, and http://www.ask.comto look for related information. Although Microsoft offers great information about its certification exams online, there are plenty of third-party sources of information and assistance that need not follow Microsoft's party line. Therefore, if you can't find something where the book says it lives, you should intensify your search.
Thanks for making this Exam Cram book a pivotal part of your certification study plan; best of luck on becoming certified!
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