Major General George H. Sharpe and the Creation of American Military Intelligence in the Civil War

Major General George H. Sharpe and the Creation of American Military Intelligence in the Civil War

by Peter G. Tsouras

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Overview

This biography of the Civil War officer who established the Union’s intelligence network “is an absolute treasure trove of . . . operational information” (Military History Magazine).
 
In this biography of George H. Sharpe, acclaimed historian Peter Tsouras recounts the significance of Sharpe’s grand contribution to the Union war effort: the creation of an all-source intelligence operation known as the Bureau of Military Information. Tsouras contends that, under Sharpe’s leadership, the BMI was the combat multiplier that ultimately brought the Union to victory.
 
By early 1863, in the two-and-half months before the Chancellorsville Campaign, Sharpe had compiled a thorough and accurate Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. His reports identified every brigade and its location in Lee’s army, provided an order-of-battle down to the regiment level, and a complete analysis of the railroad. Beyond this, Sharpe assembled a staff of thirty to fifty scouts and support personnel to run the military intelligence operation of the Army of the Potomac. He later supported Grant’s armies operating against Richmond during the Siege of Petersburg, where the BMI played a fundamental role in the victory.
 
After the war, Sharpe became one of the most powerful Republican politicians in New York State, had close friendships with presidents Grant and Arthur, and was a champion of African American civil rights. With a wealth of newly discovered primary documents, including the diaries of Sharpe’s deputy John C. Babcock, Tsouras sheds significant new light on the evolution of Civil War intelligence reporting.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781612006482
Publisher: Casemate Publishers (Ignition)
Publication date: 10/02/2018
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 592
Sales rank: 580,797
File size: 17 MB
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About the Author

Peter Tsouras is a retired analyst of military all-source intelligence for the U.S. Government (National Ground Intelligence Center and the Defense Intelligence Agency). He is also a retired Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army Reserve and has written 30 books on military history and alternate military history as a military historian and biographer.

Table of Contents

Foreword v

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 1

1 Enter Sharpe 12

2 Joe Hooker: The Transformational Man 36

3 The Bureau of Military Information: Stands Up 52

4 First Test: The Chancellorsville Campaign "Sharpe you are the best man I know" 74

5 The Gettysburg Campaign: Movement to Contact 112

6 Gettysburg and Sharpe's Three Golden Gifts To Meade 132

7 "The Period of Inaction" 160

8 Enter Grant 196

9 The Overland Campaign 216

10 Petersburg and Intelligence Overhaul 256

11 The Siege of Petersburg 286

12 Settling with Early in the Valley 313

13 Winter Hiatus 323

14 The End 354

15 A Full Life: Sharpe's Progress 383

16 A Public Life 392

17 The Bugle Echoes 433

Appendices 448

Notes 511

Bibliography 566

Index 573

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