The Genocide and Persecution series offers readers a multitude of perspectives, allowing for a more nuanced understanding of these complex and horrific periods in world history; each volume is an anthology of previously published materials on acts of geno; This title explores years of conflict and violence in Liberia during the First and Second Liberian Civil Wars and the acts of genocide and crimes against humanity that have resulted, offering: Historical background on the years of conflict; an examination; The histories of nations across the globe are marked by dark periods of mass murder, brutal repression, and unrelenting persecution. Remembering and understanding such incidents is vitally important. The Genocide and Persecution series offers students and
Table of Contents
World Map 15
Chapter 1 Historical Background on Liberia
Chapter Exercises 22
1 Overview of the Liberian Civil Wars Daniel Elwood Dunn 22
A professor of political science provides an overview of Liberia's history, focusing on tire Liberian Civil Wars and violence in the country from the 1970s to the 2000s.
2 Samuel K. Doe's Regime Struggles to Rule Liberia After the Assassination of Tolbert Gregory Jaynes 35
A journalist reports on the new government of Samuel K. Doe nine months after the assassination of former president William Tolbert Jr.
3 The Diamond Trade Fuels Violence in Liberia and Surrounding Countries Lansana Gberie 41
A senior researcher with the Africa Conflict Prevention Programme reports on how the diamond trade fuels violence in Liberia and other countries in the region.
4 A Peace Agreement Ends the Conflict in Liberia 49
Government of the Republic of Liberia, Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD), and Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL) A treaty known as the Accra Comprehensive Peace Agreement is signed in August of 2003 to end the Liberian Civil War.
5 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission States Its Findings Liberian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) 56
The organization created to investigate the Liberian civil conflicts presents its findings about war crimes and responsibility for atrocities.
6 Charles Taylor Is Convicted of War Crimes: Associated Press 63
A press service reports on an international court upholding the conviction of former Liberian leader Charles Taylor for war crimes.
Chapter 2 Controversies Surrounding Liberia
Chapter Exercises 70
1 The Liberian War Was Fueled by Ethnic Tensions Veronica Nmoma-Hilliard 72
A professor of African Studies explains how tensions between African ethnic groups and descendants of American colonists fueled violence in Liberia.
2 Contemporary War: Ethnic Conflict, Resource Conflict, or Something Else? Isabelle Duyvesteyn 82
A Dutch professor of history argues that political goals have been more important than ethnic tensions in the Liberian war.
3 The Sierra Leone/Liberian Conflict Was Fueled by the Diamond Trade James Rupert 94
A journalist reports on the role of the diamond mining industry in fueling and funding violence in Sierra Leone and Liberia.
4 Child Soldiers Should Not Be Prosecuted for War Crimes David M. Crane 104
A law professor argues that prosecuting child soldiers in Liberia is inhumane and counterproductive.
5 Should Child Soldiers Be Prosecuted for Their Crimes? IRIN 109
A report by a United Nations news agency discusses how refusing to prosecute child soldiers can endanger children and cause legal and moral problems.
6 ECOWAS Peacekeeping Efforts in Liberia Were Beneficial Natalie E. Brown 116
A US foreign service officer argues that the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), a regional body, was successful in resolving the conflict in Liberia.
7 ECOWAS Peacekeeping Efforts Prolonged the Liberian Conflict Luca Renda 128
A United Nations consultant argues that ECOWAS worsened the Liberian conflict, which would have ended soon after it began had ECOWAS not intervened.
8 Refugees, Such as Those from Liberia, Tend to Spread Conflict and Violence Sarah Kenyan Lischer 137
A professor of political science argues that refugees and humanitarian aid tend to destabilize host countries.
9 Can Refugees Benefit the State? Refugee Resources and African Statebuilding Karen Jacobson 150
A law professor argues that refugees and the humanitarian aid given to them benefit host countries.
10 TRC's Final Report: An In-Depth Look at the Implications Semantics King Jr. 161
A journalist argues that the Truth and Reconciliation Report will open old wounds and exacerbate antagonisms and divisions in the country.
Chapter 3 Personal Narratives
Chapter Exercises 168
1 Liberia; Mixed Feelings About Truth Commissions Purpose IRIN 169
A United Nations news agency reports on the reactions of both victims and participants in the Liberian Civil War to the Truth and Reconciliation Commision.
2 A Liberian Woman Remembers Fleeing Liberia as a Refugee Louise Géesedeh Barton 172
A former refugee describes the harsh treatment she experienced while fleeing Liberia and after arriving in Guinea.
3 A Liberian Woman Remembers Being a Rebel Soldier Diane Taylor 180
A journalist interviews and profiles a Liberian woman about her time as a child soldier and the effect her experiences have had on her current life.
4 Liberians in Minnesota Tell Stories of Abuse, Torture Toni Randolph 184
A journalist interviews and relates the stories of Liberians in Minnesota who experienced human rights abuses during the Liberian Civil War.
Organizations to Contact 187
List of Primary Source Documents 192
For Further Research 195